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  • 1
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    Unknown
    Barcelona: Elsevier España
    Publication Date: 2019-11-08
    Description: Although there is a general recognition in the literature that training improves a firm's performance, empirical research does not always provide evidence to support this effect. One possible explanation is that training does not have a direct effect on performance but an indirect effect by improving other organizational outcomes. This paper suggests that organizational learning is one of those variables and that it mediates the relationship between training and performance and that the adoption of a learning-oriented training enhances performances through its positive effect on organizational learning. Using a sample of Spanish firms we obtain empirical evidence, which supports the view that this mediating effect is present."
    Keywords: ddc:650 ; Training ; Performance ; Organizational learning ; Mediation
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
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  • 2
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    Barcelona: Elsevier España
    Publication Date: 2019-11-08
    Description: This paper studies the impact of formal education on entrepreneurship rates. We propose that different levels of education not only vary between each other in terms of their impact, but also according to whether we analysis either formal or informal entrepreneurship. Our results show that tertiary education increases formal entrepreneurship as a consequence of the higher self-confidence, lower perceived risk and enhanced human capital. At the same time, tertiary education also has a negative effect on informal entrepreneurship as it increases awareness of and sensitivity to the possible negative repercussions of this kind of activities. In addition, we show that the impact of secondary education on formal entrepreneurship is positive as well, although in this case the effect on informal entrepreneurship is not significant. Even though secondary education also increases awareness of the potential negative repercussions of informal entrepreneurship, this effect is counteracted by a lack of management skills."
    Keywords: ddc:650 ; Formal entrepreneurship ; Informal entrepreneurship ; Secondary education ; Tertiary education ; Education enrolment
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
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  • 3
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    Mering: Hampp
    Publication Date: 2013-10-19
    Description: This paper carries out an empirical assessment of the influence relationship between personal attitudes and several measures of social capital in some Central European Countries (CEC). Using the World Values Survey dataset, the model measures three main social capital dimensions (institutional trust, social participation and political participation) and four personal attitudes factors (collectiveness, education, gender differences and work). The analysis provides relevant information about personal determinant of social capital, in its political approach and, also, about the key role of institutional trust for civic engagement in social and political participation.
    Description: Dieser Artikel führt eine empirische Untersuchung über den Einfluss der Beziehung zwischen persönlichen Eigenschaften und verschiedenen Maßzahlen von Sozialkapital in mehreren zentraleuropäischen Ländern durch. Das Modell zieht den Datensatz des World Values Survey heran und misst drei Hauptdimensionen von Sozialkapital (Vertrauen in Institutionen, gesellschaftliche und politische Teilhabe). Außerdem bestimmt es noch vier Faktoren für persönliche Eigenschaften (Kollektivität, Erziehung, Geschlechterunterschiede und Arbeit) durch synthetische Indikatoren. Die Analyse liefert, in ihrer politischen Herangehensweise, relevante Informationen über die Bestimmungsgröße von Sozialkapital und über die Schlüsselrolle von Vertrauen in Institutionen für bürgerliches Engagement bei gesellschaftlicher und politischer Teilhabe.
    Keywords: ddc:650 ; Central European countries ; civic engagement ; PLS models ; social capital ; trust
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
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  • 4
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier
    Publication Date: 2019-11-02
    Description: Nowadays tourism is one of the most important sectors of our country, and no one has any doubt about importance of sport for the economy. Both concepts create “sports tourism”, and “sporting events” are its greatest exponent that is having special importance both at academic and at the economic and social levels. Taking into account the above, this research aims to analyze socioeconomic impact of the paddle tournament “Caceres International Open 2013”. The CBA methodology will be used; its main objective is to calculate a benefit/cost ratio analyzing the contribution made by two groups of respondents (attendees and participants). Among final conclusions of this study we establish different groups of stakeholders, and this methodology can be applied to these groups to value the impact of sporting events. It has also been found out that the contribution made by public institutions has economic effects in other sectors of the city; so sporting events can be considered a complement of the tourism sector.
    Description: En la actualidad el sector turístico es uno de los sectores más importantes de nuestro país, además hoy en día nadie duda de la gran importancia que tiene el deporte en la economía. Ambos conceptos originan el “Turismo Deportivo” cuyo máximo exponente son los “eventos deportivos” que en los últimos años está teniendo especial relevancia tanto en el ámbito académico como en el económico y social. Considerando lo anterior, la presente investigación tiene como finalidad realizar un análisis del impacto socioeconómico deltorneo de Pádel “Cáceres International Open 2013”. Para ello, se aplicará lametodología ACB, cuyo principal objetivo es la obtención de una ratio beneficio-coste analizando la contribución que han realizado los encuestados al evento (asistentes y participantes). Entre las conclusiones obtenidas, este estudio aporta los diferentes grupos de interés sobre los que aplicar la metodología para la valoración del impacto en los eventos deportivos. Además se ha constatado que la aportación realizada por parte de las instituciones públicas tiene efectos económicos en otros sectores de la ciudad, de manera que los eventos deportivos pueden ser considerados como un complemento del sector turístico.
    Keywords: A13 ; C67 ; L83 ; ddc:650 ; Economic impact ; Social impact ; Cost/benefit analysis ; Sports tourism ; Impacto económico ; Impacto social ; Análisis coste beneficio ; Turismo deportivo
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
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  • 5
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    Barcelona: Elsevier España
    Publication Date: 2019-11-08
    Description: The consumer ethnocentrism tendencies scale (CETSCALE) was developed by Shimp and Sharma in 1987 to measure consumer ethnocentrism. It is one of the most commonly used scales in the marketing literature. As well as the original 17-item version, there are many empirical applications using other adapted versions of CETSCALE. These versions differ in terms of the number (and composition) of items, incorporating additional items and even accounting for the nationality of the foreign products under study. Some of these papers question the unidimensionality of such a scale. We intend to analyse the dimensionality of the CETSCALE. In order to do this, an extensive review of previous studies that have considered CETSCALE—whatever the version—is developed. In addition, we analyse the dimensionality of an adapted version of the CETSCALE including the product category (vegetables) under study. Our results support the multidimensionality of the CETSCALE."
    Keywords: ddc:650 ; Ethnocentrism ; CETSCALE ; Consumer
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
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  • 6
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    Barcelona: Elsevier España
    Publication Date: 2019-11-08
    Description: The paper analyzes the influence of management capabilities on the innovation performance of technology-based SMEs and the role that gender diversity in the top management team plays in this relationship. We use a sample of 205 Spanish SMEs from technology sectors and a hierarchical regression analysis to test our hypotheses. The results confirm that management capabilities affect both product and process innovation positively. In addition, gender diversity in the top management team moderates this relationship positively. In other words, management capabilities have a greater influence on both product and process innovation when the management team is more balanced in number of men and women. This study contributes to better understanding of the factors that explain how management capabilities translate into greater organizational achievements and argues the need to analyze the role of top management teams and their composition more extensively, especially in the context of technology SMEs. The study also contributes new evidence to the small number of studies that analyze the effect of gender diversity in top management teams on innovation."
    Keywords: ddc:650 ; Management capabilities ; Gender diversity ; Innovation performance ; Top management team
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
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  • 7
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier
    Publication Date: 2019-11-02
    Description: One of the business models that attracts scholars and professionals’ interest is mobile commerce. This paper applies the theory of shopping preference to this field. It analyzes the role of personal factors (perceived control and propensity to use technology), social factors (influence of a social group), and epistemic factors (compatibility) to determine consumers’ attitude toward mobile advertising (madvertising) and mobile repurchase (m-repurchase). The information of 973 mobile shoppers is analyzed in two contexts (Spain as a developed country and Mexico as a developing country). A positive attitude toward m-advertising is confirmed to increase m-repurchase through the mobile phone and the indirect influence of personal, social, and epistemic factors on shoppers m-repurchase (through the attitude toward m-advertising) varies depending on the analyzed market.
    Keywords: M3 ; ddc:650 ; Attitude ; Mobile ; M-repurchase
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
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  • 8
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier
    Publication Date: 2019-01-15
    Description: What factors influence consumers to choose a bank with which to contract a service in a situation of information asymmetry? In this situation the firm has more information than consumers, and this fact generates consumer uncertainty due to a possible firm opportunistic behaviour. To reduce it, consumers can use, on one hand, signals that the bank sends to the market, such as reputation, and on the other hand, they can seek for more informal information, such as positive word-of-mouth communication from relatives and friends, to generate or increase trust, and through this variable, to develop an intention o contract with a specific bank and not others. Relations among those variables were tested with a sample of 155 bank users when they have not still worked with a specific bank. Results indicate the importance both of the reputation signal and of the positive information received of acquaintances and relatives to trust, but with differences according to the level of perceived ex ante uncertainty moderate those relations.
    Keywords: M31 ; ddc:650 ; bank ; trust ; reputation ; uncertainty ; word-of-mouth
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:article
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  • 9
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    Unknown
    Innsbruck: University of Innsbruck, Department of Public Finance
    Publication Date: 2018-11-23
    Description: This paper studies an evolutionary model of network formation with endogenous decay, in which agents benefit both from direct and indirect connections. In addition to forming (costly) links, agents choose actions for a coordination game that determines the level of decay of each link. We address the issues of coordination (long-run equilibrium selection) and network formation by means of stochastic stability techniques. We find that both the link cost and the trade-off between efficiency and risk-dominance play a crucial role in the long-run behavior of the system.
    Keywords: C72 ; C73 ; D83 ; D85 ; ddc:330 ; Coordination ; Networks ; Risk dominance ; stochastic stability ; Koordination ; Soziales Netzwerk ; Stochastischer Prozess ; Nichtkooperatives Spiel ; Evolutionäre Spieltheorie ; Theorie
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 10
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    Unknown
    Amsterdam: Elsevier
    Publication Date: 2018-12-20
    Description: The influx of people attending sport events involves creating wealth in the environment where they are held. To understand the impacts of these events on the host community, it is necessary to analyze the main explanatory variables in relation to models of buying behavior in tourism, so as to know which variables are the ones that affect most the expenditure done by attendees at a sport event. Therefore, the objective of our research is to present a model to evaluate the influence that certain variables related to the model of consumer behavior have on the expenditure. For that, the variables have been grouped into those related to the personal characteristics of the attendee, and into those others of subjective nature related to the perceptions of those attending a sport event. The research has been based on the use of Structural Equation Models using the technique of Partial Least Square (PLS). The sport event that has been analyzed is the Padel tournament 'Cáceres International Open'. The proposed model shows significant results to support the relationships contained in the hypotheses, and provides positive data regarding the predictive relevance of the model.
    Keywords: L83 ; G14 ; C51 ; ddc:650 ; PLS ; Sport event ; Sport tourism ; Structural model ; World Padel Tour
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
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