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  • Articles  (2,951)
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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Diabetologia 23 (1982), S. 143-143 
    ISSN: 1432-0428
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    ISSN: 1432-1130
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract The determination of wear metals and metalloids in used lubricating oils allows the prediction of equipment failure. A number of procedures to determine wear metals in lubricating oils by atomic spectrometry has been published. Industry has lately shown a special interest in the determination of tin, since its appearance at certain levels in used oils indicates severe engine wear. Therefore, a method for the determination of the total tin content in used lubricating oils by hydride generation-atomic absorption spectrometry (HG-AAS) is described. Unused marine lubricating oils spiked with the analyte were digested in closed vessels in a microwave oven and the diluted product was used for continuous stannane generation. There are many factors that influence effective SnH4 generation; therefore, fractionary factorial design was used to obtain an adequate sensitivity and also to stabilize the signal. Six variables were taken into account and a 26–2 IV design was used with spiked samples containing 30 ng g–1 Sn. The reproducibility, stability, calibration curve and limit of detection were established. The method was applied to different kinds of used lubricating oils. In all cases, the results were higher than those obtained in the industry by simple dilution.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    ISSN: 1432-1130
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract The performance of two multivariate calibration methods, multiple linear regression (MULTI3) and partial least-square regression (PLS-2), for the resolution of the ternary mixtures of acetylsalicylic acid-caffeine-codeine and acetaminophen-caffeine-codeine is compared. The methodologies were checked by applying them to the analysis of two sets of laboratory-prepared mixtures over the concentration ranges 13.0–19.0, 1.00–3.00 and 0.20–1.00 μg · ml–1 for acetylsalicylic acid-caffeine-codeine and 12.0–22.0, 0.40–2.00 and 0.20–1.00 μg · ml–1 for acetamimophen-caffeine-codeine, respectively. While the results provided by MULTI3 were unacceptable in the majority of the cases, those obtained by PLS-2 were quite good with considerably diminished errors, as a result of calibration and/or checking with MULTI3, taking no account of potential interactions between analytes. It was shown that it is possible by using PLS-2 to resolve complex mixtures of analytes in a highly disparate proportion, even when they have overlapping signals. The proposed method was successfully demonstrated for pharmaceutical tablets.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    European radiology 9 (1999), S. 1327-1329 
    ISSN: 1432-1084
    Keywords: Key words: Testis ; US studies ; Epididymis ; Rete testis
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract. The aim of this study was to show the US findings in mode B and color Doppler duplex of the dilatation of the rete testis, in order to analyze its association with other scrotal processes and to confirm their inclusion into the benign testicular lesions. We present seven diagnosed cases (mean age 61 years) of dilatation of the rete testis to which a clinical control and US was accomplished up to 1 year. The scrotal sonography study was carried out with a linear probe of 7.5 Mhz. In the US examination we observed in all cases an intratesticular image located in the mediastinum testis constituted by anechoic and serpiginous tubular structures, which do not show any blood flow with the color Doppler. In one case the mentioned observations were bilateral. Five cases had cysts in epididymis and the last case showed an increase in size in the epididymis head. Color Doppler duplex examination did not detected flow dots in the seven patients. The dilatation of the rete testis is a benign entity frequently associated with pathology in epididymis, with specific US findings which permit avoidance of invasive tests.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Human genetics 〈Berlin〉 98 (1996), S. 214-218 
    ISSN: 1432-1203
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract In an attempt to identify the possible role of major genes, multifactorial inheritance, and cohort effects in the susceptibility to idiopathic epilepsy with generalized tonic-clonic seizures of the awakening type (GTCS), complex segregation analysis was performed in 196 nuclear families ascertained through affected probands with idiopathic epilepsy with GTCS belonging to the Paisa community of Antioquia (Colombia). Models postulating no transmission, single major locus (dominant and recessive) only, and multifactorial component only, were rejected. Since the codominant single major locus model could not be rejected and models that assign no major locus to transmission, no polygenic component to transmission, and no transmission of the major effect were rejected, complex segregation analysis suggested that a major autosomal codominant allele together with a multifactorial component (mixed model) best explained clustering of idiopathic epilepsy with GTCS in families of the Paisa community. The deficit of transmission of heterozygotes (0.17) is compatible with the existence of epistasis acting on a major gene whose frequency was estimated to be 0.0211. Its transmission variance accounts for 81% of the susceptibility to idiopathic epilepsy with GTCS. The complementary variance (19%) is due to the polygenic component.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Science Ltd
    Plant pathology 51 (2002), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1365-3059
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition
    Notes: Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceris (Foc), the causal agent of fusarium wilt of chickpea, consists of two pathotypes (yellowing and wilting) and eight races (races 0, 1B/C, 1A and 2–6) of diverse geographical distribution. Six Foc isolates, one each of races 0, 1B/C, 1A, 4, 5 and 6, representing the two pathotypes and the geographical range of the pathogen, showed identical sequences in introns of the genes for translation elongation factor 1α (EF1α), β-tubulin, histone 3, actin and calmodulin. Eleven additional Foc isolates representative of all races, pathotypes and geographical range, and three isolates of F. oxysporum (Fo) nonpathogenic to chickpea were further analysed for sequence variation in the EF1α gene. All isolates pathogenic to chickpeas shared an identical EF1α gene sequence, which differed from that shared by the three Fo isolates nonpathogenic to chickpea. EF1α gene sequences from the 17 Foc isolates and the three Fo isolates were compared with 24 EF1α gene sequences in GenBank from isolates of 11 formae speciales of F. oxysporum by parsimony analysis. Foc isolates formed a grouping distinct from other formae speciales and nonpathogenic isolates. These results indicate that F. oxysporum f. sp. ciceris is monophyletic.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Journal of neural transmission 104 (1997), S. 703-710 
    ISSN: 1435-1463
    Keywords: Alzheimer's disease ; alpha-tocopherol ; vitamin E ; cerebrospinal fluid levels ; serum levels
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary We compared CSF and serum levels, and the CSF/serum ratio of alpha-tocopherol (vitamin E), measured by HPLC, in 44 apparently well-nourished patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and 37 matched controls. CSF and serum vitamin E levels were correlated, both in AD patients and in controls. The mean CSF and serum vitamin E levels were significantly lower in AD patients, and the CSF/serum ratio of AD patients did not differ significantly between the 2 study groups. CSF vitamin E levels did not correlate with age, age at onset, duration of the disease and score of the Minimental State Examination in the AD group. Weight and body mass index were significantly lower in AD patients than in controls. These results suggest that low CSF and serum vitamin E concentrations in AD patients could be related with a deficiency of dietary intake of vitamin E.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Journal of neural transmission 106 (1999), S. 919-924 
    ISSN: 1435-1463
    Keywords: Keywords: Parkinson's disease ; oxidative stress ; mitochondrial function ; respiratory chain enzymes ; spermatozoa.
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary. We studied respiratory chain enzyme activities in spermatozoa homogenates from 12 untreated Parkinson's disease (PD) male patients and from 23 age matched healthy male controls. When compared with controls, PD patients showed significantly lower specific activities for complexes I+III, II+III, and IV. However, citrate synthase corrected activities were similar in patients and controls. Values for enzyme activities in the PD group did not correlate with age at onset, duration, scores of the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scales and Hoehn and Yahr staging. These results suggest that this tissue cannot be used to develop a diagnostic test for PD.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Journal of neural transmission 107 (2000), S. 445-449 
    ISSN: 1435-1463
    Keywords: Keywords: Parkinson's disease, insulin, cerebrospinal fluid levels.
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary. We compared CSF levels insulin, measured by a Radioimmunoanalysis method, in 24 patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and 21 matched controls. The CSF insulin levels did not differ significantly between PD patients and controls. CSF insulin levels were not correlated with age, age at onset, duration of the disease, scores of the Unified Parkinson Disease Rating Scale of the Hoehn and Yahr staging in the PD group. Antiparkinsonian therapy did not influence significantly and CSF levels of insulin. These results suggest that CSF insulin concentrations are not a biological marker of PD and its severity.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Journal of neural transmission 106 (1999), S. 309-315 
    ISSN: 1435-1463
    Keywords: Keywords: Alzheimer's disease ; selenium ; cerebrospinal fluid levels ; serum levels.
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary. We compared CSF and serum selenium levels, measured by atomic absorption spectrophotometry, in 27 patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) (13 females, 14 males, mean ± SD age 73.6 ± 7.4 years) without major clinical signs of undernutrition, and 34 matched controls (18 females, 16 males, mean ± SD age 70.7 ± 7.8 years). CSF and serum selenium levels did not differ significantly between AD-patient (11.4 ± 7.8 ng/ml and 28.5 ± 13.0 ng/ml, respectively) and control groups (13.3 ± 7.0 ng/ml and 22.5 ± 17.5 ng/ml). These values were not correlated with age, age at onset, duration of the disease, and scores of the MiniMental State Examination in the AD group. Weight and body mass index were significantly lower in AD patients than in controls. These results suggest that CSF selenium concentrations are apparently unrelated with the reported oxidative stress processes in patients with AD.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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