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  • 1
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Brasília - DF : Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (circa 48 Seiten) , Illustrationen
    Series Statement: Texto para discussão / Ipea 2324
    Description / Table of Contents: This article estimates the market value of public education by comparing standardized test scores of students in public and private schools. The idea is to assign to the education of each public school student a market value equivalent to the tuition paid by private school students with similar test score results. The implementation requires an expenditure survey, or other database to provide information on tuitions, and standardized test scores available for both private and public schools. This article uses Brazilian test score data, which are particularly good. The main results are not surprising. Pre-school, primary, and secondary education are all highly progressive government transfers. Furthermore, since their market value is superior to public expenditures in each of these educational levels, they are also welfare enhancing. The flip side is that public higher education is both highly regressive and welfare reducing.
    Note: Zusammenfassung in englischer Sprache
    Language: Portuguese
    URL: Volltext  (Kostenfrei)
    URL: Volltext  (Kostenfrei)
    URL: Volltext  (Kostenfrei)
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  • 2
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Brasília : Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (circa 20 Seiten) , Illustrationen
    Series Statement: Texto para discussão / Ipea no 780
    Description / Table of Contents: This discussion paper presents a methodology to visualize the effects of various influences on the income distribution. The methodology, although not new, has become very popular in the past few years. It is the method of counterfactual simulations. In other words, it is the use of "what if …" questions in the study of income distribution. The method is applied to Brazil to visualize the effects of type of employment status, region, economic activity sector, and educational endowment on the income distribution of 1998.
    Note: Zusammenfassung in englischer Sprache
    Parallel Title: Erscheint auch als Simulando - o mundo maravilhoso das distribuições contrafatuais
    Language: Portuguese
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  • 3
    Book
    Book
    Brasília : Inst. de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada
    Pages: 16, X S. , graph. Darst.
    Series Statement: Texto para discussão / Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada 1300
    Language: Portuguese
    URL: Cover
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  • 4
    Book
    Book
    Rio de Janeiro : Inst. de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada
    Pages: 18, IX S. , graph. Darst.
    Series Statement: Texto para discussão / Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada 1459
    Note: Zsfassung in engl. Sprache
    Language: Portuguese
    URL: Cover
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  • 5
    Book
    Book
    Rio de Janeiro : IPEA
    Pages: 193 S. , zahlr. graph. Darst.
    ISBN: 8586170763
    Language: Portuguese
    Keywords: Brasilien ; Rassendiskriminierung ; Schule ; Aufsatzsammlung
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  • 6
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Pages: Online-Ressource, 43 S., Text , graph. Darst.
    Series Statement: Texto para discussão / Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada 1185
    Note: Zsfassung in engl. Sprache , Systemvoraussetzungen: Acrobat Reader.
    Language: Portuguese
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  • 7
    Book
    Book
    Brasília : IPEA, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada
    Pages: 18 p , ill , 30 cm
    Series Statement: Texto para discussão / Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada 1339
    Note: "Maio de 2008 , Includes bibliographical references (p. 17-18) , Abstract in English
    Parallel Title: Online version Ritmo de queda na desigualdade no Brasil é adequado?
    Language: Portuguese
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  • 8
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Brasília, DF, Brazil : Ipea, Institute for Applied Economic Research
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (circa 26 Seiten) , Illustrationen
    Series Statement: Discussion paper / IPEA 237 (October 2018)
    Description / Table of Contents: This article uses recently released data from the Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra de Domicílios Contínua (PNAD Contínua), Brazilian household survey to calculate changes in inequality as measured by the Gini coefficient from 2016 to 2017. A Shorrocks decomposition by factor components is also undertaken, as well as a limited analysis of the wage inequality and the labor market contribution to household inequality. The main results are: i) the Gini coefficient fell 0.18 point from 2016 to 2017, going from 54.1 to 53.8, which is a very small reduction in inequality; ii) this reduction is due to the interplay between labor and social protection incomes; and iii) the labor market by itself is playing against reductions in inequality, which shows the relevance of the (still limited and not very progressive) Brazilian social protection system
    Language: English
    URL: Volltext  (Kostenfrei)
    URL: Volltext  (Kostenfrei)
    URL: Volltext  (Kostenfrei)
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  • 9
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Brasília - DF : Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada
    Pages: 1 Online-Ressource (circa 30 Seiten) , Illustrationen
    Series Statement: Texto para discussão / Ipea 2317
    Description / Table of Contents: Owner-occupied housing and public infrastructure services are a relevant part of the income distribution whose impacts have not yet been adequately studied, at least not from the distributive point of view. This paper suggests a way to find the market value for these services using hedonic prices. While far from new, this methodology is nevertheless useful in assigning values to these services. The paper uses Brazilian data from 1995, 2004, and 2014 to impute rental values for owner occupied housing and the associated infrastructure services. The results are that imputation of housing services considerably reduces inequality and that public infrastructure services have become more progressive as their expansion brings these services to increasingly poorer households.
    Note: Zusammenfassung in englischer Sprache
    Language: Portuguese
    URL: Volltext  (Kostenfrei)
    URL: Volltext  (Kostenfrei)
    URL: Volltext  (Kostenfrei)
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  • 10
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Pages: Online-Ressource, 27 S., Text , graph. Darst.
    Series Statement: Texto para discussão / Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada 1166
    Note: Zsfassung in engl. Sprache , Systemvoraussetzungen: Acrobat reader.
    Language: Portuguese
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