Transcription activation at Class I CAP-dependent promoters
Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
Catabolite gene activator protein (CAP)-dependent promoters can be grouped into three classes, based on the requirement for transcription activation and the position of the DNA site for CAP. Class I CAP-dependent promoters require only CAP for transcription activation and have the DNA site for CAP located upstream of the DNA site for RNA polymerase. Amino acids 156 to 162 of the promoter-proximal subunit of CAP are essential for transcription activation at Class I CAP-dependent promoters, but are not essential for DNA binding, and are not essential for DNA bending. In the structure of the CAP-DNA complex, these amino acids are located in a surface loop and form a cluster on the surface of the CAP-DNA complex. Amino acids 261, 265, and 270 of the α subunit of RNA polymerase are essential for response to transcription activation by CAP at Class I CAP-dependent promoters. Several lines of evidence indicate that transcription activation at Class I CAP-dependent promoters requires a direct protein-protein contact between amino acids 156 to 162 of the promoter-proximal subunit of CAP and a molecule of RNA polymerase bound adjacent to CAP on the same face of the DNA helix. It is a strong possibility that this direct protein–protein contact involves amino acids 261 and 265 of the α subunit of RNA polymerase.
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