extent of absorption
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Abstract The determination of the area under the concentration–time curve (AUC) is the method most commonly used by regulatory agencies to assess extent of drug absorption after single-dose administration of oral products. Using simulations, several approaches toward measuring the actual area, in whole or part, were tested. In addition, the performance of the peak concentration (C max), usually taken as a measure of the rate of absorption was assessed evaluating extent. Model scenarios for drugs with typical mean characteristics and statistical distributions were investigated. Using different kinetic models of disposition, the time course of the drug concentration in plasma was simulated. Intraindividual and interindividual variability and assay error were modeled using Monte Carlo techniques. The accuracy, precision, and ease of use of the various measures of extent were evaluated, and statistical power analyses were performed. Among the measures tested, the most reliable were the AUC computed up to the time of the last quantifiable concentration, without extrapolation, and C max. However, being also sensitive to rate, C max as a measure of extent is of limited potential.
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