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  • EU-Staaten  (11)
  • Export  (3)
  • Romanian  (8)
  • Danish  (6)
  • 1
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2016-06-04
    Description: The aim of the study is to offer to decision-makers the necessary data regarding European policies of social inclusion for the Roma, with focus on the practices which have shown a positive impact in the fields of education, employment, housing and health, and to accompany the analysis with policy recommendations for a more efficient and effective action in promoting Roma inclusion. The second chapter, Social Inclusion Policies at the European Level: Mainstreaming versus Targeting offers a brief historical overview of the European policy framework within which social inclusion was conceptualised and its corresponding policies were articulated, along with preoccupations with the situation of the Roma, defined as a European minority subject to centuries-long discrimination. It reminds the reader the definition of „social inclusion” mentioned in European documents and connects the development of the concept and its corresponding social policies to the discourse on the risks of poverty and social exclusion, which can be found already in the 1984 documents of the Council of European Communities. The first part of the chapter presents the emergence and evolution of the Lisbon agenda (2000) and the Open Method of Coordination in the Domain of Social Policies (OMC) that became operational soon after, along with the main indicators aimed to measure the extent and depth of poverty and social exclusion in EU member states, i.e. the Laeken indicators and the currently employed AROPE indicator. It discusses the role of the European Platform against Poverty and Social Exclusion, launched in 2010 as part of the Europe 2020 strategy for smart, sustainable development that fosters social inclusion. The Platform aims to stand for a political commitment of EU member states to promote social innovation and more efficient use of European funds for the objectives of social inclusion. Recently, the European Commission also recommended adding a series of social indicators (i.e. the rate of long term unemployment and the neither-in-work-nor-in-education rate among the youth) in the monitorization of the European common market. [...]
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Soziale Integration ; Roma-Bevölkerung ; EU-Politik ; EU-Staaten
    Language: Romanian
    Type: doc-type:report
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  • 2
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2016-06-04
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Freizügigkeit ; Rumänen ; Wirkungsanalyse ; EU-Staaten ; Rumänien
    Language: Romanian
    Type: doc-type:report
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  • 3
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2016-06-04
    Description: This study contributes to the literature on the competitiveness of Romanian exports with a new perspective over the decade 2001-2011, by overlapping of two complementary analyses: of the export performance dynamics and of the domestic revenues created by export manufacturers and their suppliers. The analyzed period includes the period of global economic growth (mainly 2003-2007) and the first years of the economic crisis (2009-2011 ). The year 2007, when Romania joined the European Union, is in the middle of the analyzed period. The dynamics of Romania's export performance was assessed through a specific method combining three different research lines(1) changes in the ranking of exported products in the reference years 2001 and 2011, (2) evolution of the performance of key products exported in 2001 and (3) the position in 2001 of key products exported in 2011. The analysis of domestic revenues created by export manufacturers and their suppliers provides, for the first time for Romania a brief study on the position of the country on the global value chain, following the logic proposed by the European Commission in its last two European Competitiveness Reports (2012 and 2013). When corroborated, the results of the two analyses can be used to discuss the extent to which the current structure of exports contributes to the generation of domestic revenues and as such might prove useful in the debate on the identification of a country brand for Romania. In order to achieve the latter goal, we conducted two detailed case studies on two reference sectors of the Romanian economy: motor vehicles and creative industries. [...]
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Export ; Performance-Messung ; Einnahmen ; Internationaler Wettbewerb ; EU-Binnenmarkt ; Rumänien
    Language: Romanian
    Type: doc-type:report
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  • 4
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2016-06-04
    Description: The present study aims, in the first part, to examine the trends evidenced at the level of international trade and extra-community trade flows and, at the same time, the new directions of the EU trade policy in relation with the rest of the world. In the second part, it brings to the forefront the main trends of the Romanian trade as well as the Romanian export competitiveness and ways towards their sustainable development. These issues are analyzed and presented in seven sections, as follows: I. Developments, trends and structural changes in international trade in goods II. Main characteristics of the extra-community trade in goods during 2000-2011. Romania's position in these exchanges III. EU trade policy and its impact on the Romanian foreign trade IV. General directions of the Romanian foreign trade during 2000-2011. Assessment of the Romanian export competitiveness. The role of FDI in promoting exports V. Benchmarking best practices in export support and promotion. Role played by national and international organizations VI. Challenges and perspectives of the Romanian exports VII. Ways towards sustainable export development. Role of the National Export Strategy. [...]
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Export ; Außenhandel ; EU-Außenwirtschaftspolitik ; Außenwirtschaftspolitik ; Rumänien
    Language: Romanian
    Type: doc-type:report
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  • 5
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2016-05-13
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; EU-Politik ; EU-Nachbarstaaten ; EU-Staaten ; Mittelmeerraum
    Language: Romanian
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 6
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2016-05-13
    Description: This paper examines the evolution of the EU's trade in services over the 2004-2008 period in comparison with its trade in goods. It aims to disentangle the main trends shaping the EU's services trade flows under the impact of increasing globalisation and the last two waves of EU enlargement. Relying on BoP trade statistics published by Eurostat and the WTO, it highlights the recent changes in the EU's services flows in terms of dynamics, composition, trade balance as well as patterns of specialisation and integration into the internal and global market. It also reveals the main trends prevailing in the evolution of extra and intra-EU trade flows, and their relevance for the process of economic integration within the EU. The purpose of the paper is to contribute to the discussion of the issues related to services trade in the EU since this topic is focusing to a far lesser extent the attention of current economic literature than trade in goods. Hence, our empirical investigation attempts to find the answers to the following questions: What is the significance of services trade flows for the EU as compared with trade in goods, and which is their role in the global economy? How relevant is trade in services from the perspective of European economic integration? What are the effects of the global financial and economic crisis on the EU's trade in services, and which are its future prospects? Following the answers to these questions, the paper is structured around five sections. The last one summarizes the main findings of the authors.
    Keywords: F14 ; F15 ; L80 ; O52 ; ddc:330 ; European Union ; trade in services ; trade in goods ; economic integration ; global financial and economic crisis ; Dienstleistungshandel ; Außenhandel mit Industriegütern ; Internationale Wirtschaft ; Finanzkrise ; Wirtschaftskrise ; Regionale Wirtschaftsintegration ; EU-Staaten
    Language: Romanian
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 7
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Copenhagen: Danmarks Nationalbank
    Publication Date: 2013-09-20
    Description: The working paper investigates the relationship between export performance and wage competitiveness in the manufacturing sector. Analyses in the paper show that among industrialised countries for the period since 1995 countries with the greatest deterioration in wage competitiveness have also had a tendency to do relatively poorly in the export market measured in volumes. Data for Denmark show that our loss of export market shares in volumes has been particularly high in times when the Danish labour costs have risen significantly more than abroad. When looking at current prices, the link between export performance and wage competitiveness in the Danish manufacturing sector is less clear. This applies to both the Danish manufactured exports in total, and to industrial sectors. An empirical analysis based on data across countries, industrial sectors and time shows that the Danish manufactured exports are less sensitive to changes in wage competitiveness than that of our main trading partners Germany, Sweden and United Kingdom.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Verarbeitendes Gewerbe ; Export ; Arbeitskosten ; Standortfaktor ; Internationaler Wettbewerb ; Dänemark
    Language: Danish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 8
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Copenhagen: Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS)
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Europäische Wirtschafts- und Währungsunion ; Wirkungsanalyse ; Wechselkurssystem ; Dänemark ; EU-Staaten
    Language: Danish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 9
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Copenhagen: Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS)
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: Twenty years ago, in the pages of the Journal of Common Market Studies, Hedley Bull launched a searing critique of the European Community's 'civilian power' in international affairs. Since that time the increasing role of the European Union (EU) in areas of security and defence policy has led to a seductiveness in adopting the notion of 'military power Europe'. In contrast, I will attempt to argue that by thinking beyond traditional conceptions of the EU's international role and examining the case study of its international pursuit of the abolition of the death penalty, we may best conceive of the EU as a 'normative power Europe'.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Internationale Politik ; Strafe ; EU-Staaten
    Language: Danish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 10
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2016-05-13
    Description: This paper analyses the justifications and stages of the elaboration of impact studies at the European level, focusing on the various working methods, be it 'impact matrix' or the 'logic of intervention', which may be adopted by law-makers, in order to improve the regulation mechanisms in the public administration field and shape up new ways in which they could be used. Attention is paid to the role and the utility of impact assessment in elaborating public policies, as well as to the importance of properly using analysis instruments, with a focus on the obstacles and risks associated to the impact assessment process, by comparing different approaches and working methods, from the European and OECD area. Various evaluation patterns from OECD and the EU are presented, with their peculiarities and challenges involved by their implementation, leading to the conclusion that the European assessment pattern is still far away from providing a universal impact analysis model due to the lack of efficient sanctioning mechanisms. The credibility of an impact assessment largely depends on its results, which means they need to be based on correct and updated information, which is at the same time transparent and easy to access and understand. The role of impact assessment and, by extension, of impact studies is to allow lawmakers to check up whether the implementation of existing regulations observes the established indicators, as well as whether the policy in question had reached its objective.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Wirkungsanalyse ; Politik ; Politische Entscheidung ; Politische Willensbildung ; EU-Staaten
    Language: Romanian
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 11
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Copenhagen: Danmarks Nationalbank
    Publication Date: 2013-09-20
    Description: Several countries at the core of the Euro area have experienced coincident business cycles during the most recent decades, while the Danish economy seemed detached from these cycles during the 1980's and part of the 1990's. To a large degree, the decoupling of the Danish economy reflects fundamental changes in the Danish economic policy during this period. Towards the end of the 1990's a remarkable business-cycle convergence occurred between most of the industrialised countries, as documented in a series of empirical analyses. In the same period, the correlation between Danish and Euro area business cycles increased markedly. Over the most recent years, however, this global convergence has decreased again, while the correlation between Euro-area core economies has remained high. The Danish economy has also maintained a relatively high business-cycle correlation with the Euro-area core countries.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Konjunktur ; Konjunkturzusammenhang ; Clusteranalyse ; Dänemark ; Eurozone ; EU-Staaten
    Language: Danish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 12
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Copenhagen: Danmarks Nationalbank
    Publication Date: 2013-10-26
    Description: The paper describes the activities of central counterparties (CCPs) and the international framework for those activities. It also provides an overview of the activities of the CCPs in the EU. Against this background, an initial assessment is performed of the possibilities of introducing a CCP in the Danish market. The preliminary conclusion is that there seems to be a limited need for a CCP in the Danish market. Furthermore, the initial costs involved seem to be relatively high. However, a more detailed analysis is recommended concerning the expediency of introducing a CCP on the repo market, where higher risks are involved. Here, the introduction of a CCP would also offer administrative or capital-adequacy benefits. After the publication of the paper, one or more meetings will be held with market representatives with a view to discussing the preliminary conclusions to the paper and the assumptions on which they are based.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Wertpapierhandel ; Clearing ; Risikomanagement ; Dänemark ; EU-Staaten
    Language: Danish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 13
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2016-05-13
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Stadtentwicklung ; Rumänien ; EU-Regionalpolitik ; EU-Staaten
    Language: Romanian
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 14
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Copenhagen: Danmarks Nationalbank
    Publication Date: 2013-09-20
    Description: This Working Paper compares the Danish financial system with that of the Euro area countries using three different analytical approaches. The structure of the financial system is analyzed showing who saves, how the savings are processed to the users, and who the users of capital are. The integration of the Danish financial system with that of the Euro area is tested using - among different approaches - The law of one price. Finally, the framework for the development of the financial system is compared. It is concluded that the Danish financial system has many common characteristics with that of the Euro area countries. Despite the similarities there is some way to go before exactly the same retail products are marketed within all countries in the Euro area and in Denmark. To quote a colleague, there is some way to the level in the fast-food business, which is why the McLoan and McDeposit ain't there yet.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Finanzmarkt ; Wirtschaftsintegration ; Vergleich ; Dänemark ; EU-Staaten
    Language: Danish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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