WILBERT

Wildauer Bücher+E-Medien Recherche-Tool

Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
Filter
  • Dienstleistungshandel
  • Außenhandel
  • English  (198)
  • Romanian  (2)
Collection
Keywords
Language
  • 1
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    München: ifo Institut – Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung an der Universität München
    Publication Date: 2020-04-29
    Description: Am 3. November 2020 entscheidet sich, ob Donald Trump ein zweites Mal zum US-Präsidenten gewählt wird. Er hat seinen Wahlkampfslogan »Make America Great Again« rigoros verfolgt. Im Zuge dessen wurden diplomatische Konventionen gebrochen und jahrzehntealte internationale Verträge für nichtig erklärt. Auch in der Handelspolitik gilt ein neues Paradigma: Trump hat Sonderzölle angedroht und eingeführt, vor allem auf Importe aus China und der EU, um das amerikanische Leistungsbilanzdefizit abzubauen. Seine Steuerreform 2017 brachte inländischen Unternehmen massive Entlastungen. Welche langfristigen Spuren haben drei Jahre »America-first«-Politik in der Welt hinterlassen. Wie hat sich die US-Steuerreform auf den internationalen Steuerwettbewerb ausgewirkt? Welche Folgen hat der Handelsstreit? Was bedeutet Trumps Politik für den Zusammenhalt des westlichen Bündnisses? Und werden die USA zum Unsicherheitsfaktor für die weltweite wirtschaftliche und geopolitische Entwicklung? Henning Vöpel, HWWI und HSBA Hamburg School of Business Administration, unterstreicht, dass es bei der Auseinandersetzung zwischen den USA und China nicht nur um Handelskonflikte gehe, sondern vielmehr um die nächste geopolitische Ordnung für das 21. Jahrhundert. Harms Bandholz, Fachhochschule Kiel, geht davon aus, dass die Wirkung der Stimulusprogramme der US-Regierung bereits wieder verpufft sei, da die USA ein deutlich reduziertes Potenzialwachstum aufweisen wie im Durchschnitt der 1980er und 1990er Jahre. Gabriel Felbermayr, Institut für Weltwirtschaft, Kiel, rechnet damit, dass auch der neue Deal zwischen China und den USA die negative Dynamik bei den bilateralen Handelsströmen nicht zu Stillstand bringen werde. Auch 2002 sei von Handelsumlenkungseffekte zugunsten von Drittstaaten – der EU, Mexiko, Taiwan – auszugehen, die die amerikanischen Importe aus diesen Ländern auf neue Höhen treiben werden. Die Zeiten der handelspolitischen Unsicherheit seien noch lange nicht vorbei. Christoph Spengel, Universität Mannheim, sieht in der US-Steuerreform 2017 "die vielleicht größte Steuersenkung aller Zeiten für Unternehmen". Konsequenz der Steuersatzsenkung in den USA sei eine Verschärfung des Steuerwettbewerbs um die Ansiedelung von Direktinvestitionen. Jost Heckemeyer, Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, sieht Europa durch die Steuerpolitik Trumps unter Druck geraten. Die mittelfristige Wirkung von Trumps Steuerreform auf die Investitionstätigkeit innerhalb und außerhalb der Vereinigten Staaten werde sich zeigen. Aber der internationale Steuerwettbewerb werde weiter verschärft. Martin Mosler und Niklas Potrafke, ifo Institut, zeigen anhand ihrer neuen Studie, wie sich das Abstimmungsverhalten westlicher Industrieländer in der Generalversammlung der Vereinten Nationen unter US-Präsident Donald Trump entwickelt hat Die Übereinstimmungsrate zwischen den Vereinigten Staaten und dem Westen war unter Donald Trump ca. 7 Prozentpunkte geringer als unter früheren US-Präsidenten. Henrik Müller, Technische Universität Dortmund, stellt angesichts der herausragenden Bedeutung der USA für die Weltwirtschaft und die Weltpolitik fest, dass sich die von Washington ausgehende Unberechenbarkeit in einem messbar erhöhten Unsicherheitsniveau auch in Deutschland niederschlägt.
    Keywords: F13 ; F50 ; F51 ; O11 ; ddc:330 ; Außenhandel ; Handelskonflikt ; Handelspolitik ; Wirtschaftliche Entwicklung ; Steuerwettbewerb ; USA ; EU-Staaten ; China
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Hannover: Leibniz Universität Hannover, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät
    Publication Date: 2020-05-13
    Description: How strongly can the reduction in bureaucracy and red tape at the border increase trade? To address this, we study an ambitious trade facilitation policy - the complete abolition of internal customs controls - in the Eurasian Customs Union. Using a structural gravity model with high-dimensional fixed effects, we find evidence that non-tariff trade facilitation strongly and robustly increases the number of newly traded products. The value of trade, however, reacts more strongly to a traditional tariff-driven diversion of trade towards union members. Trade facilitation policies can diversify bilateral trade, highlighting the importance of trade analysis at the extensive margin.
    Keywords: F14 ; F15 ; F55 ; ddc:330 ; Außenhandel ; Grenze ; Handelsabkommen ; Nichttarifäre Handelshemmnisse ; Russland ; Weißrussland ; Kasachstan
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    Book
    Book
    Wildau
    Keywords: Schiedsgerichtsbarkeit ; Außenhandel ; Rechtsstreit ; Hochschulschrift ; Schiedsgerichtsbarkeit ; Außenhandel ; Rechtsstreit
    Abstract: Wirtschaft / Recht
    Additional Material: 1 CD-ROM
    Type of Medium: Book
    Pages: V, 37 Blätter , Illustrationen
    Language: English
    Dissertation note: Bachelorarbeit Technische Hochschule
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Brussels: National Bank of Belgium
    Publication Date: 2019-12-05
    Description: We use Belgian data with information on domestic firm-to-firm sales and foreign trade transactions to study how international trade affects firm efficiency and real wages. The data allow us to accurately construct the domestic production network of the Belgian economy, revealing several new empirical facts about firms' indirect exposure to foreign trade through their domestic suppliers and buyers. We use this data to develop and estimate models of domestic production networks and international trade. We first consider a model of trade with an exogenous network structure, which gives analytical solutions for the effects of a change in the price of foreign goods on firms' production costs and real wages. To examine how gains-from-trade calculations change if buyer-supplier links are allowed to form or break in response to changes in the price of foreign goods, we next develop a model of trade with endogenous network formation. We take both models to the data and compare the empirical results to those we obtain using existing approaches. This comparison highlights the relevance of data on and modeling of domestic production networks in studies of international trade.
    Keywords: F14 ; L14 ; ddc:330 ; Production Networks ; Network formation ; Indirect imports and exports ; Gains from trade ; Exportwirtschaft ; Unternehmensnetzwerk ; Außenhandel ; Stückkosten ; Außenhandelsgewinn ; Belgien
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    Book
    Book
    Wildau
    Keywords: Lithium-Ionen-Akkumulator ; Außenhandel ; Bolivien ; Hochschulschrift ; Lithium-Ionen-Akkumulator ; Außenhandel ; Bolivien 06.08.1825-
    Abstract: Europäisches Management
    Additional Material: 1 CD-ROM
    Type of Medium: Book
    Pages: VII, 45 Blätter , Illustrationen
    Language: English
    Dissertation note: Bachelorarbeit Technische Hochschule
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 6
    Book
    Book
    Wildau
    Keywords: Außenhandel ; Marketing ; Hochschulschrift ; Außenhandel ; Marketing
    Abstract: Europäisches Management
    Additional Material: 1 CD-ROM
    Type of Medium: Book
    Pages: 33 Blätter , Illustrationen
    Language: English
    Dissertation note: Bachelorarbeit Technische Hochschule
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 7
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Helsinki: The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy (ETLA)
    Publication Date: 2019-08-03
    Description: In this study, we analyse Estonia’s position in global value chains using World Input-Output Data and firm-level data. We find that 69% of Estonia’s total exports are intermediate goods and services, exceeding the EU average (65%). Two-thirds of Estonian imports are intermediates. Our findings suggest that Estonia is heavily involved in vertically and geographically fragmented production even though its most significant trading partners are its neighbouring countries. We also analyse the value chains of two significant companies operating in the Estonian economy along with their GDP contributions. According to our findings, the GDP contributions generated by the exports of these two companies vary significantly from one another. The euros generated from exports do not contribute equally to the national economy.
    Keywords: D22 ; F14 ; F6 ; F62 ; F68 ; L2 ; ddc:330 ; Global value chains ; GVC ; GDP ; Exports ; Gross domestic product ; Value added ; Estonia ; Granular ; Außenhandel ; Wertschöpfung ; Internationale Arbeitsteilung ; Vorleistungen ; Bruttoinlandsprodukt ; Estland
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:report
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 8
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    München: ifo Institut - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung an der Universität München
    Publication Date: 2018-11-22
    Description: When President Trump came into office the US administration launched a detailed analysis of American trade relations. It aimed to identify "unfair trade practices" that are supposedly increasingly being used by other countries, and that are economically damaging to America. This study simulates potential protectionist trade policies on the part of the USA using historical data. The results enable a comprehensive analysis of the political debate and, above all, of its meaningfulness. The study illustrates that the USA does actually face economic imbalances, and especially high trade deficits, which are increasingly causing upsets in individual branches within the States. At the same time, however, the study also makes it clear that the solution to such economic challenges does not lie in a protectionist trade policy. On the contrary, such a policy would only exacerbate problems in the long term. The study ends with a policy recommendation for the USA and the functioning, rule-based, multilateral trade system.
    Description: Die neue US-Administration hat mit der Amtsübernahme Präsident Trumps eine detaillierte Analyse der amerikanischen Handelsbeziehungen initiiert. Ziel ist die Identifizierung 'unfairer Handelspraktiken', die vermeintlich durch andere Nationen zunehmend eingesetzt werden und den USA wirtschaftlich schaden. Die vorliegende Studie analysiert die angedrohten protektionistischen Handelspolitiken der USA unter Heranziehung historischer Daten. Auf Basis der vorliegenden Ergebnisse ist eine umfassende Bewertung der politischen Debatte und insbesondere ihrer Sinnhaftigkeit möglich. Die Studie illustriert, dass die USA mit ökonomischen Ungleichgewichten konfrontiert sind, insbesondere mit hohen Handelsdefiziten, die zunehmend zu Verstimmungen in einzelnen Industrien innerhalb der USA führen. Zugleich wird aber aus der Studie auch deutlich, dass die Lösung für solche wirtschaftlichen Herausforderungen nicht in einer protektionistischen Handelspolitik zu finden ist, im Gegenteil. Eine solche Politik würde die Probleme auf lange Sicht nur verschärfen. Die Studie schließt mit einer Politikempfehlung im Sinne der USA und des funktionierenden regelbasierten, multilateralen Handelssystems.
    Keywords: F10 ; F13 ; F53 ; ddc:330 ; Außenhandel ; Außenwirtschaftspolitik ; Protektionismus ; Zoll ; Handelshemmnisse ; Auslandsinvestition ; NAFTA-Staaten ; WTO-Recht ; USA ; Welt
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:report
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 9
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    München: ifo Institut - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung an der Universität München
    Publication Date: 2018-11-22
    Keywords: F13 ; F53 ; ddc:330 ; Protektionismus ; USA ; Außenhandelspolitik ; Außenhandel ; Kooperation ; China ; Deutschland ; NAFTA-Staaten
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 10
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    München: ifo Institut - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung an der Universität München
    Publication Date: 2018-11-22
    Description: This volume was prepared by Inga Heiland while she was working at the Ifo Institute. It was completed in July 2016 and accepted as a doctoral thesis by the Department of Economics at the University of Munich. It comprises five chapters addressing one or more aspects of international trade and factor movements, including trade in goods, trade in value added, international movement of labor and capital, and trade in risk. All chapters aim to contribute to our understanding of the economic gains from globalization in its various forms. Thereby, they touch more or less explicitly on the issues of the determinants of the pattern of trade, factor flows, and production, as well as the role of barriers to the international exchange of goods and factors. From a methodological point of view, all chapters share a strong emphasis on general equilibrium analysis, and those chapters that are accompanied by an empirical analysis rely primarily on structural estimation.
    Keywords: C54 ; F12 ; F13 ; F14 ; F15 ; F16 ; F17 ; F22 ; F36 ; F44 ; G11 ; J24 ; ddc:330 ; Außenhandel ; Investition ; International ; Finanzmarkt ; Internationale Migration ; Arbeiter ; Wertschöpfung ; Unternehmensnetzwerk ; WTO-Mitgliedschaft ; China ; Handelspräferenzen ; Handelsliberalisierung ; TTIP
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:report
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 11
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    München: ifo Institut - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung an der Universität München
    Publication Date: 2018-11-22
    Description: Since June 2007, the EU and India have been negotiating a comprehensive free trade agreement, but negotiations broke down in 2013. Nevertheless, both sides have expressed their desire to revive talks on the Broad-based Trade and Investment Agreement (BTIA). To quantify potential economic consequences, we use a multi-country, multi-industry Ricardian trade model with national and international input-output linkages. Based on the assumption that the FTA would eliminate all tariffs between the EU and India and reduce non-tariff barriers, we simulate trade, value added, and welfare effects of the BTIA. The long-run level of real per capita income would change by 1.30% in India and by 0.14% in the EU. We find that outsiders to the agreement remain largely unaffected relative to the status quo. However, substantial regional heterogeneity exists across the 134 geographical, investigated entities. Due to an agreement, EU-Indian trade could approximately double particularly in business services. We find a small amount of trade diversion due to tightly integrated value chains, but a clear effect on structural change in India. So, at a first glance, both parties should have an interest in forming a FTA.
    Keywords: F02 ; F13 ; F23 ; ddc:330 ; Außenhandel ; Außenwirtschaftspolitik ; Handelshemmnisse ; Auslandsinvestition ; Indien ; EU-Staaten ; Außenhandel ; Auslandsinvestition ; Handelshemmnisse ; EU-Staaten ; Indien
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:report
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 12
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    München: ifo Institut - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung an der Universität München
    Publication Date: 2018-11-22
    Keywords: D31 ; D72 ; F00 ; F40 ; F43 ; ddc:330 ; Außenhandel ; Handelsliberalisierung ; Erwerbstätigkeit ; Arbeitslosigkeit ; Einkommensverteilung ; Politische Einstellung ; Ideologie ; Radikalismus ; EU-Staaten ; Welt
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 13
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    München: ifo Institut - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung an der Universität München
    Publication Date: 2018-11-22
    Keywords: F01 ; F10 ; ddc:330 ; Außenhandel ; Außenwirtschaftspolitik ; Wohlfahrtsanalyse ; Handelsabkommen ; Mitteleuropa ; Osteuropa ; TTIP
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 14
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    München: ifo Institut - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung an der Universität München
    Publication Date: 2018-11-22
    Keywords: F13 ; ddc:330 ; Handelsabkommen ; Außenhandel ; Außenhandelspräferenz ; WTO-Regeln ; EU-Staaten ; Vereinigte Staaten ; TTIP
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 15
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    München: ifo Institut - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung an der Universität München
    Publication Date: 2018-11-22
    Keywords: F13 ; ddc:330 ; Handelsabkommen ; Außenhandel ; Handelseffekt ; Wertschöpfung ; EU-Staaten ; USA ; TTIP
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 16
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    München: ifo Institut - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung an der Universität München
    Publication Date: 2018-11-22
    Keywords: F13 ; ddc:330 ; Handelsabkommen ; Außenhandel ; Bruttoinlandsprodukt ; Nationaleinkommen ; Visegrad-Staaten ; EU-Staaten ; TTIP
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 17
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    München: ifo Institut - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung an der Universität München
    Publication Date: 2018-11-22
    Keywords: F13 ; ddc:330 ; Handelsabkommen ; Außenhandel ; Polen ; USA ; TTIP ; ISDS
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 18
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    München: ifo Institut - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung an der Universität München
    Publication Date: 2018-11-22
    Keywords: F13 ; L71 ; ddc:330 ; Erdöl ; Außenhandel ; USA ; EU-Staaten ; Polen ; TTIP
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 19
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    München: ifo Institut - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung an der Universität München
    Publication Date: 2018-11-22
    Keywords: F13 ; ddc:330 ; Internationale Wirtschaftsbeziehungen ; Außenhandel ; TTIP
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 20
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Heidelberg: Springer
    Publication Date: 2018-09-05
    Description: With huge debt levels, high unemployment and low growth, it appears that the European economy will continue to stagnate for the foreseeable future. China, on the other hand, has emerged as the largest trading nation in the world and become the second largest economy in the world. China’s economic rise presents a rare opportunity for Europe. However, to fully take advantage of these opportunities, both economies will need to overcome some economic frictions and trade protectionism tendencies.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Internationale Wirtschaftsbeziehungen ; Außenhandel ; EU-Staaten ; China
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 21
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Zurich: ETH Zurich, CER-ETH - Center of Economic Research
    Publication Date: 2017-11-29
    Description: This paper develops a multi-country multi-sector general equilibrium model, integrating high-frequency electricity dispatch and trade decisions, to study the e ects of electricity transmission infrastructure (TI) expansion and re- newable energy (RE) penetration in Europe for gains from trade and carbon dioxide emissions in the power sector. TI can bene t or degrade environ- mental outcomes, depending on RE penetration: it complements emissions abatement by mitigating dispatch problems associated with volatile and spa- tially dispersed RE but also promotes higher average generation from low- cost coal if RE production is too low. Against the backdrop of European decarbonization and planned TI expansion, we nd that emissions increase for current and targeted year-2020 levels of RE production and decrease for year-2030 targets. Enhanced TI yields sizeable gains from trade that de- pend positively on RE penetration, without creating large adverse impacts on regional equity.
    Keywords: F18 ; Q28 ; Q43 ; Q48 ; C68 ; ddc:330 ; Stromnetz ; Erneuerbare Energie ; Infrastrukturpolitik ; Elektrizität ; Außenhandel ; Allgemeines Gleichgewicht ; EU-Energiepolitik ; EU-Umweltpolitik ; Mehr-Länder-Modell ; EU-Staaten
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 22
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Zurich: ETH Zurich, CER-ETH - Center of Economic Research
    Publication Date: 2017-11-29
    Description: We build a two-country model of endogenous growth to study the welfare effects of taxes on tradable primary inputs when countries engage in asymmetric trade. We obtain explicit links between persistent gaps in productivity growth and the incentives of resource exporting (importing) countries to subsidize (tax) domestic resource use. The exporters' incentive to subsidize hinges on slower productivity growth and is disconnected from the importers' incentive to tax resource inflows i.e., rent extraction. Moreover, faster productivity growth exacerbates the im- porters' incentive to tax, beyond the rent-extraction motive. In a strategic tax game, the only equilibrium is of Stackelberg type and features, for a wide range of parameter values, positive exporters' subsidies and importers' taxes at the same time. The model predictions concerning the impact of resource taxes on relative income shares are supported by empirical evidence.
    Keywords: O40 ; F43 ; ddc:330 ; Productivity Gaps ; Endogenous Growth ; International Trade ; Tax Policy ; Produktionspotenzial ; Endogenes Wachstumsmodell ; Außenhandel ; Wohlfahrtsanalyse ; Steuerpolitik ; Zwei-Länder-Modell
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 23
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Brussels: National Bank of Belgium
    Publication Date: 2018-09-21
    Description: In the global recession of 2009, exports declined precipitously in many countries. We illustrate with firm-level data for Belgium and Peru that the decline was very sudden and almost entirely due to lower export sales by existing exporters. After the recession, exports rebounded almost equally quickly and we evaluate whether export promotion programs were an effective tool aiding this recovery. We show that firms taking advantage of this type of support did better during the crisis, controlling flexibly for systematic differences between supported and control firms. The primary mechanism we identify is that supported firms are generally more likely to survive on the export market and, in particular, are more likely to continue exporting to countries hit by the financial crisis.
    Keywords: F13 ; F14 ; F44 ; ddc:330 ; trade promotion ; trade policy ; Great Recession ; business cycles ; Finanzkrise ; Handelseffekt ; Außenwirtschaftsförderung ; Außenhandel ; Belgien ; Peru
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 24
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Frankfurt a. M.: European Central Bank (ECB)
    Publication Date: 2017-02-24
    Description: We analyze the impact of technology on production and trade in services, focusing on the foreign exchange market. We identify exogenous technological changes by the connection of countries to submarine fiber-optic cables used for electronic trading, but which were not laid for purposes related to the foreign exchange market. We estimate the impact of cable connections on the share of offshore foreign exchange transactions. Cable connections between local markets and matching servers in the major financial centers lower the fixed costs of trading currencies and increase the share of currency trades occurring onshore. At the same time, however, they attenuate the effect of standard spatial frictions such as distance, local market liquidity, and restrictive regulations that otherwise prevent transactions from moving to the major financial centers. Our estimates suggest that the second effect dominates. Technology dampens the impact of spatial frictions by up to 80 percent and increases, in net terms, the share of offshore trading by 21 percentage points. Technology also has economically important implications for the distribution of foreign exchange transactions across financial centers, boosting the share in global turnover of London, the world’s largest trading venue, by as much as one-third.
    Keywords: F30 ; ddc:330 ; exogeneity ; foreign exchange market ; geography ; submarine fiber-optic cables ; technology ; Devisenmarkt ; Glasfaserkommunikation ; Betriebliche Standortwahl ; Finanzplatz ; Dienstleistungshandel ; Technischer Fortschritt ; Welt
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 25
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    München: ifo Institut - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung an der Universität München
    Publication Date: 2018-11-22
    Keywords: F14 ; F21 ; ddc:330 ; Auslandsinvestition ; Außenhandel ; Finanzreform ; Arbeitsmarktpolitik ; Kroatien
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 26
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    München: ifo Institut - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung an der Universität München
    Publication Date: 2018-11-22
    Keywords: F20 ; O10 ; P20 ; ddc:330 ; Planwirtschaft ; Außenhandel ; Zahlungsbilanz ; Auslandsinvestition ; Sozialistische Staaten ; Osteuropa
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 27
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    München: ifo Institut - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung an der Universität München
    Publication Date: 2018-11-22
    Keywords: F02 ; F13 ; F50 ; ddc:330 ; Zollunion ; Strategie ; Außenhandel ; Außenwirtschaftspolitik ; EU-Staaten ; Türkei
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 28
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Wellington: New Zealand Government, The Treasury
    Publication Date: 2019-11-02
    Description: This paper adds to the understanding of how New Zealand's terms of trade have evolved since 1991. The paper develops a method to decompose the percentage change in the terms of trade into the contributions from different export and import components. The contributions are further decomposed into the contributions attributable to changes in deflators (prices) and contributions from changes in the composition of the export and import baskets. The methodology can be applied to a variety of timeframes to assess the drivers of short and long term fluctuations in the terms of trade. Three key insights emerge from applying the decomposition to New Zealand. Firstly, the decomposition supports the view that increasing export prices have made the largest contribution to gains in the terms of trade over the past two decades. Secondly, the change in the composition of the import basket is shown to have made a material positive contribution to gains in the terms of trade. Import prices have been a drag on the terms of trade over longer timeframes, although in recent years they have made a positive contribution. Finally the paper does not find a material impact from the change in the composition of exports over time.
    Keywords: I1 ; ddc:330 ; Terms of Trade ; Dienstleistungshandel ; Außenhandel mit Industriegütern ; Dekompositionsverfahren ; Neuseeland
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 29
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Brussels: European Centre for International Political Economy (ECIPE)
    Publication Date: 2018-02-15
    Description: With the stagnation of services negotiations under the World Trade Organization (WTO), the Trade in Services Agreement (TISA) is currently the only framework that possesses the potential to advance direct global liberalisation and rulemaking. The plurilateral format, used as the next-best alternative, opens up new possibilities that would be impossible for any of its participants to achieve in isolation. This policy brief looks at the circumstances that led to the shortcomings of the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) which in turn led to the inception of TISA. It also looks at the options that were available (in particular with regard to its legal form) before the negotiations took place as a free trade agreement outside the WTO. Moreover, it looks to how the TISA can eventually be multilateralised through sectoral agreements such as the GATS Annex approach, i.e. sector by sector, or issue by issue). If a universal agreement, based on reaching critical mass and extending the benefits according to the most-favoured nation (MFN) principle can be reached in individual sectors, there is potential to advance global services liberalisation from the TISA framework.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Dienstleistungshandel ; Handelsabkommen ; Handelsliberalisierung ; Verhandlungen
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:report
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 30
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Brussels: National Bank of Belgium
    Publication Date: 2018-09-21
    Description: During the 2008-2009 crisis, trade in goods fell by almost 30%. In contrast, trade in business, telecommunication and financial services continued growing at their pre-crisis rates and only services related to transport declined. Using trade data at the firm-product-destination level for Belgium, I show that during the crisis the elasticity of services exports with respect to GDP growth in destination countries was significantly different from that of goods exports. In particular, the negative income shock in partner countries affected exports of goods but not exports of services. This difference is economically sizable: if goods exports had had the same elasticity to GDP growth as services exports, their fall during the 2008-2009 collapse would have been only half what was observed.
    Keywords: F10 ; F14 ; L80 ; ddc:330 ; Trade Collapse ; Service Resilience ; Trade in Services and Goods ; Dienstleistungshandel ; Wirtschaftskrise ; Belgien
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 31
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Heidelberg: Springer
    Publication Date: 2018-09-05
    Description: Escalating healthcare expenditures and the need to ensure access to affordable medicine in both emerging and emerged economies are fuelling calls to contain the so-called evergreening practices of drug producers around the world. But such practices are the necessary outcome of a system that responds to market incentives and appears to be already sufficiently controlled by established patentability standards and policies that determine patent term extension. The key issues surrounding current trade disputes lie deeper. This article examines the link between technological advances and intellectual property rights in general and the presumably special case of drug supplies. It focuses on strategies for extending the market exclusivity for pharmaceuticals products and evaluates safeguards against such evergreening.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Arzneimittel ; Außenhandel ; Immaterialgüterrechte ; Technischer Fortschritt ; Gesundheitskosten ; Welt
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 32
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    München: ifo Institut - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung an der Universität München
    Publication Date: 2018-11-22
    Keywords: F13 ; F60 ; ddc:330 ; Außenhandel ; Export ; Dienstleistungshandel ; Dienstleistungssektor ; Europa ; Eurozone
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 33
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    München: ifo Institut - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung an der Universität München
    Publication Date: 2018-11-22
    Keywords: F13 ; F53 ; ddc:330 ; Freihandelszone ; Handelsabkommen ; Außenhandel ; Bruttoinlandsprodukt ; Wertschöpfung ; Einkommenseffekt ; Asiatisch-pazifischer Raum ; TPP
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 34
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Heidelberg: Springer
    Publication Date: 2018-09-05
    Description: In the decade prior to the economic and financial crisis, Germany's net exports increased in absolute terms as well as relative to the growing level of import intensity of domestically produced export goods and services. This article analyses the direct and indirect employment effects induced both by exports as well as by of the import intensity of the production process of export goods and services on the skills used. It shows that Germany's export surpluses led to positive net employment effects. Although the volume of imports of intermediate goods increased and was augmented by the rise in exports, it could not undermine the overall positive employment effect.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Außenhandel ; Beschäftigungseffekt ; Humankapital ; Außenhandelsstruktur ; Input-Output-Analyse ; Deutschland
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 35
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    München: ifo Institut - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung an der Universität München
    Publication Date: 2018-11-22
    Keywords: F13 ; F53 ; ddc:330 ; Freihandel ; Vermögen ; Handelsabkommen ; Außenhandel ; Handelseffekt
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 36
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    München: ifo Institut - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung an der Universität München
    Publication Date: 2018-11-22
    Keywords: F13 ; F53 ; ddc:330 ; WTO-Verhandlungen ; WTO-Recht ; Außenhandel ; GATS ; Freihandelszone ; TTIP
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 37
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    München: ifo Institut - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung an der Universität München
    Publication Date: 2018-11-22
    Keywords: F13 ; F14 ; F23 ; F34 ; G32 ; ddc:330 ; Kreditrationierung ; Betriebliche Wertschöpfung ; Außenhandel ; China
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 38
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    München: ifo Institut - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung an der Universität München
    Publication Date: 2018-11-22
    Keywords: F13 ; F53 ; ddc:330 ; Freihandelszone ; Handelsabkommen ; Außenhandel ; CGE-Modell ; Bruttoinlandsprodukt ; Wohlfahrtsanalyse ; TTIP
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 39
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    München: ifo Institut - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung an der Universität München
    Publication Date: 2018-11-22
    Keywords: F13 ; F20 ; F53 ; ddc:330 ; BRICS-Staaten ; Eurozone ; Auslandsinvestition ; Bruttoinlandsprodukt ; Außenhandel ; Außenwirtschaftsförderung
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 40
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    München: ifo Institut - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung an der Universität München
    Publication Date: 2018-11-22
    Keywords: F13 ; ddc:330 ; Exportkredit ; Exportkreditversicherung ; Außenhandel
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 41
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    München: ifo Institut - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung an der Universität München
    Publication Date: 2018-11-22
    Description: This volume was prepared by Sebastian Benz while he was working at the Ifo Institute. It was completed in December 2013 and accepted as a doctoral thesis by the Department of Economics at the University of Munich. It includes five self-contained chapters. All chapters discuss different implications of the growing importance of trade in intermediate inputs. The first chapter compares the impact of international trade in intermediate inputs (offshoring) on wage inequality in two distinct but similar frameworks. In the first framework the profitability of offshoring is based on increasing returns to scale on the task-level, whereas the second framework relies on differences in relative factor endowments of the two countries involved in offshoring. The second chapter provides a theory of offshoring under imitation risk that explains optimal dynamic adjustments of firms' offshoring decisions and yields two new channels by which offshoring affects wage inequality. Chapter 3 studies the impact of intellectual property rights and of offshoring costs on the rate of innovation and on the offshoring intensity. In chapter 4 I estimate knowledge spillovers through outsourcing relationships between German firms, measured by the number of those firms' successful patent applications. The last chapter describes sector-level input-output relationships in eleven European economies and estimates the importance of international trade in intermediate inputs and internationally mobile capital for the interdependence of output shocks in those countries.
    Keywords: C21 ; F11 ; F12 ; F14 ; F15 ; F16 ; F21 ; F23 ; F43 ; J31 ; O30 ; O31 ; O34 ; O52 ; ddc:330 ; Innovation ; Input-Output-Analyse ; Immaterialgüterrechte ; Vorleistungen ; Kapitalmobilität ; Einkommensverteilung ; International ; Wissenstransfer ; Auslandsverlagerung ; Outsourcing ; Patent ; Faktorproportionentheorem ; Lohnstruktur ; Trade in tasks ; Auslandsverlagerung ; Vorleistungen ; Außenwirtschaftstheorie ; Anforderungsprofil ; Lohnstruktur ; Imitationsstrategie ; Risiko ; Sachenrecht ; Innovation ; Wissenstransfer ; Outsourcing ; Theorie ; Deutschland ; Input-Output-Analyse ; Vorleistungen ; Außenhandel ; Kapitalmobilität ; Faktorproportionentheorem ; Theorie ; EU-Staaten
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:report
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 42
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    München: ifo Institut - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung an der Universität München
    Publication Date: 2018-11-22
    Description: This volume was prepared by Benedikt Heid while he was working at the ifo Institute and the University of Bayreuth. It was completed in December 2013 and accepted as a doctoral thesis by the Department of Economics at the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München. It includes six self-contained chapters which deal with the following topics in empirical international trade and development economics: the expansion of firms' export destinations across space and time (chapter 1), the extension of structural gravity models for developed countries to include unemployment (chapter 2) and for Latin American and Caribbean developing countries to additionally include informal employment (chapter 3) as well as the relation between foreign direct investment, trade, and informal employment as illustrated by the maquiladora industry in Mexico (chapter 4), the interaction between migration and trade and their effects on unemployment (chapter 5), and the dynamics of democracy and income chapter 6).
    Keywords: C23 ; C26 ; C33 ; D72 ; E21 ; F10 ; F20 ; O10 ; O17 ; O24 ; ddc:330 ; Demokratie ; Panelforschung ; Export ; Gravitationsmodell ; Einkommen ; Informeller Sektor ; Außenhandel ; Kosten ; Internationale Wanderung ; Auslandsverlagerung ; Handelspräferenzen ; Arbeitsmarkt ; Arbeitslosigkeit ; Export ; Internationaler Markt ; Räumliche Verteilung ; Welt ; Internationale Wirtschaft ; Außenwirtschaftstheorie ; Arbeitslosigkeit ; Handelspräferenzen ; Internationale Migration ; Auslandsverlagerung ; Schätzung ; Welt ; Nationaleinkommen ; Demokratie ; Demokratisierung ; Schätzung ; Welt
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:report
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 43
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    München: ifo Institut - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung an der Universität München
    Publication Date: 2018-11-22
    Keywords: F13 ; F53 ; ddc:330 ; Freihandel ; Außenhandel ; Außenhandelsliberalisierung ; Spillover-Effekt ; EU-Staaten ; Vereinigte Staaten ; TTIP
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 44
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Hamburg: GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2020-04-24
    Description: This article provides a review of literature on African Agency and the drivers of change within EU–African trade politics in negotiations on Economic Partnership Agreements between the European Union and African governments.
    Description: Revised Author's Version.
    Description: Agence africaine et de partenariat économique UE-Afrique. Revue article Cet article fournit une revue de littérature sur l'agence africaine participative et les facteurs de changement au sein de la politique commerciales UE-africains dans les négociations sur les Accords de partenariat économique entre l'Union européenne et les gouvernements africains.
    Keywords: F13 ; F53 ; F54 ; F63 ; O24 ; Y3 ; Z13 ; ddc:330 ; international trade ; EPAs ; civic agency ; Africa ; development aid ; EU ; ECOWAS ; Partizipation ; Außenhandel ; Subsahara-Afrika ; EU-Außenwirtschaftspolitik
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 45
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Tokyo: Asian Development Bank Institute (ADBI)
    Publication Date: 2018-11-07
    Description: This paper analyzes the current status of fisheries and aquaculture in Southeast Asia and international trade. Analysis concludes that a policy of sustainable management for both capture fisheries and aquaculture is of greatest importance, but such a policy has been neither planned nor implemented with a holistic and long-term perspective. Current policy reflects a short-term view and the immediate needs of each nation. Therefore, capacity building of human resources and organizations, including governments, is needed for the formulation of holistic national policies to seek long-term and fundamental remedies for the sustainable management of fisheries resources and intensified and extensive aquaculture. Such holistic national policies should include science-based management, monitoring, enforcement, coordination of capture fisheries and aquaculture, and international trade policies. It may include the effects of climate change and oil price increases, as well as international market trends and regulations or barriers. Moreover, international trade will be promoted based on the sustainability of capture fisheries and aquaculture. ADB members and governments are urged to provide official development assistance for policy implementation, in particular to the private sectors that may not otherwise receive any, and to small and community-related businesses. Recommendations focus on building capacity for the long run, among others, for which facilitation should be provided.
    Keywords: F64 ; Q22 ; O13 ; ddc:330 ; international trade ; fisheries ; development of natural resources ; aquaculture southeast asia ; Fischerei ; Aquakultur ; Fischschutz ; Außenhandel ; Südostasien
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 46
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Munich: Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute (CESifo)
    Publication Date: 2018-11-19
    Description: In this paper we show that price equalization alone is not sufficient to determine the barriers to international trade. There are many barrier combinations that deliver price equalization, but each combination implies a different volume of trade. We demonstrate this first theoretically in a simple two-country model. We then demonstrate the result quantitatively for the case of capital goods trade: barriers have to be large in order to be consistent with the observed trade flows even though our model implies that capital goods prices are similar across countries. Zero barriers to trade in capital goods will deliver price equalization in capital goods, but cannot reproduce the observed trade flows.
    Keywords: F01 ; F02 ; ddc:330 ; international trade ; capital goods trade ; Internationaler Preiszusammenhang ; Außenwirtschaftstheorie ; Markteintritt ; Zwei-Länder-Modell ; Theorie ; Investitionsgut ; Preis ; Außenhandel ; Schätzung ; Welt
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 47
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Heidelberg: Springer
    Publication Date: 2018-09-05
    Description: China is the leading exporter of rare earths, elements which are crucial to the development of high-tech products and new green technologies. In recent years, however, China has begun imposing export restraints on these elements in order to benefi t its domestic economic development. This reduces global supply and thus artifi cially leads to higher prices for importing countries. The EU, the US and Japan have launched a formal complaint in the WTO against China's export restrictions. China claims that these restrictions are aimed at environmental protection. This paper examines China's rare earth policy and its compliance with WTO rules.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Kritische Metalle ; Außenhandel ; WTO-Recht ; Handelskonflikt ; Geopolitik ; China
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 48
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2016-06-04
    Description: The present study aims, in the first part, to examine the trends evidenced at the level of international trade and extra-community trade flows and, at the same time, the new directions of the EU trade policy in relation with the rest of the world. In the second part, it brings to the forefront the main trends of the Romanian trade as well as the Romanian export competitiveness and ways towards their sustainable development. These issues are analyzed and presented in seven sections, as follows: I. Developments, trends and structural changes in international trade in goods II. Main characteristics of the extra-community trade in goods during 2000-2011. Romania's position in these exchanges III. EU trade policy and its impact on the Romanian foreign trade IV. General directions of the Romanian foreign trade during 2000-2011. Assessment of the Romanian export competitiveness. The role of FDI in promoting exports V. Benchmarking best practices in export support and promotion. Role played by national and international organizations VI. Challenges and perspectives of the Romanian exports VII. Ways towards sustainable export development. Role of the National Export Strategy. [...]
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Export ; Außenhandel ; EU-Außenwirtschaftspolitik ; Außenwirtschaftspolitik ; Rumänien
    Language: Romanian
    Type: doc-type:report
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 49
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Ankara: Turkish Economic Association
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: The purpose of this paper is to update the information on net food importing countries, using different definitions of food, separating countries by their level of income, whether they are in conflict and whether they are significant oil exporters. The study also estimates the changes in net food importing status of these countries over the last two and a half decades, and, most important, the study measures the relative importance of these net food imports in the import basket of the countries. Our results show that while many low-income countries are net food importers, the importance and potential impact of the net food importing status has been highly exaggerated. Many low-income countries that have larger food deficits are either oil exporters or countries in conflict. Food deficits of most low-income countries are not that significant as a percentage of their imports. Our results also show that only 6 low-income countries have food deficits that are more than 10 percent of their imports. Last two decades have seen a significant improvement in the food trade balances of low-income developing countries. SSA low-income countries are an exception to this trend. On the other hand, there are a group of countries which are experiencing civil conflicts which are large importers of food, and these countries can not meet their basic needs. They also need special assistance in the distribution of food within their boundaries. Therefore, one should modify the WTO Ministerial Declaration, and focus on these conflict countries rather than the broad net food importers.
    Keywords: F10 ; F13 ; Q17 ; Q18 ; ddc:330 ; Nahrungsmittel ; Außenhandel ; Welt ; Entwicklungsländer ; Niedriglohnländer
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 50
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Manila: Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-21
    Description: The paper tabulates Myanmar's merchandise trade as reported by its partner countries, thereby circumventing the data constraints stemming from Myanmar's patchy trade records. It then estimates Myanmar's export potential, based on the bilateral export patterns observed for six other countries in Southeast Asia. Against that benchmark and controlling for outliers, Myanmar is found to be trading at about 15% its potential. The bulk of this gap is explained by very low trade with the industrialized countries. Through reintegration with the world economy accompanied by deep economic reforms domestically, Myanmar would be expected to be closing this gap rather swiftly.
    Keywords: F14 ; F17 ; ddc:330 ; Myanmar ; gravity model ; export potential ; Außenhandel ; Gravitationsmodell ; Schätzung ; Myanmar
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 51
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Zurich: University of Zurich, Department of Economics
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: This paper investigates empirically how similarity of demand structures - approximated by similarity of income distributions - affects trade patterns along both the extensive and intensive margin. The idea that similarity of demand structures intensifies trade goes back to the well-known Linder hypothesis. Based on a sample of 102 countries, I find that bilateral trade volumes are increasing in the overlap of two countries income distributions. This effect is driven by both the extensive and intensive margin. I establish two novel measures of income similarity - the average income level of the overlap area and the range of incomes for which two distributions overlap - and document that both are important determinants of bilateral trade margins. My analysis shows that the positive relationship between similarity of income distributions and bilateral trade margins is present at the aggregate and disaggregate level of trade flows.
    Keywords: F10 ; D31 ; F14 ; ddc:330 ; similarity of income distributions ; Linder hypothesis ; nonhomothetic preferences ; extensive and intensive margin of trade ; gravity equation ; Außenhandel ; Außenhandelsgewinn ; Makroökonomischer Einfluss ; Sozialprodukt ; Vergleich ; Welt
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 52
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Manila: Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-21
    Description: In this paper, we will examine the level of services trade integration in Asia in comparison with Europe and North America. The main empirical findings of this paper are that (i) the regional bias of services trade in Asia is as high or higher than in Europe and North America; (ii) in Asia, the regional bias of services trade is higher than that of goods trade, which is in sharp contrast to Europe and North America, where the regional bias of goods trade is higher than that of services trade; and (iii) while Asia’s regional bias of goods trade shows a declining trend, that of services trade remains high, although in the future its decline is expected. Asia’s relatively high-level of regional bias of services trade can be explained by the following factors: (i) a relatively high prevalence of a shared language (Chinese), which is essential to services trade, but not to goods trade; and (ii) the archipelagic nature of the region, which inhibits goods trade more than services trade. In contrast, for example, major European countries share land borders with their neighbors and they speak different languages. In order to deepen Asia’s services trade integration, two policies are necessary. First, effective regional services agreements are critical to enhancing the level of integration. Second, policies to increase the trade of crisis-resilient services, such as professional services and insurance, as opposed to crisis-vulnerable services, such as transport and travel, are necessary.
    Keywords: F15 ; ddc:330 ; Services trade ; regional integration ; trade integration ; determinants of trade ; regional bias ; regional trade agreement (RTA) ; Dienstleistungshandel ; Regionale Wirtschaftsintegration ; Handelsabkommen ; Asien ; Vergleich ; Europa ; Nordamerika
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 53
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Manila: Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-21
    Description: This paper argues that developing Asia is overlooking an opportunity for increased growth and development through trade in business services. Developing Asia would benefit from liberalizing services trade as it has benefited from liberalizing goods trade. This argument rests on these key findings: business services are important for growth, developing Asia is relatively under- endowed with business services, many business services are tradable, and developing Asia has relatively high barriers to services trade.
    Keywords: F13 ; F14 ; F63 ; ddc:330 ; services ; trade barriers ; Asia ; Dienstleistungshandel ; Handelshemmnisse ; Handelsliberalisierung ; Wirtschaftswachstum ; Asien
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 54
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Tokyo: Asian Development Bank Institute (ADBI)
    Publication Date: 2018-11-07
    Description: Does financial health shore up firm productivity? This paper empirically investigates this question and presents productivity as another driving factor in translating financial development into real economic progress. Our empirical framework employs Levinsohn and Petrin's (2003) semi-parametric estimation of total factor productivity (TFP) using firm-level panel data during 2002 - 2008, and incorporates financial health variables into conventional determinants of firm productivity. Our findings suggest that liquidity and access to external credit boosts firm productivity, with the latter particularly imperative for exporting and/or importing firms. We also present supplementary results regarding economies of scale, high-tech capital accumulation, human capital investment and foreign ownership.
    Keywords: O16 ; O25 ; O53 ; ddc:330 ; financial health ; total factor productivity ; financial development ; Wirtschaftlichkeit ; Produktivität ; Unternehmenserfolg ; Außenhandel ; Panelforschung ; Vietnam
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 55
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Heidelberg: Springer
    Publication Date: 2018-09-05
    Description: Greece, Ireland, Portugal and Spain were all hit by the economic downturn in the course of the financial crisis and have been struggling with national debt crises and recession. A problem common to all of these countries is the collapse of national demand. Foreign trade might seem a logical way to restore economic strength, but little is known about the international competitiveness of these countries' industries. This paper sheds light on their export structures using the revealed comparative advantage indicator.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Komparativer Vorteil ; Außenhandel ; Außenhandelsstruktur ; Griechenland ; Irland ; Portugal ; Spanien
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 56
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Vienna: FIW - Research Centre International Economics
    Publication Date: 2016-04-21
    Description: TTRIOPOL studies the role of domestic bioenergy potentials for agriculture, the wider economy and international trade for Austria. In particular, agricultural biomass pro-duction can contribute to significant shares of energy provision in Austria. A detailed scenario is developed to explore the opportunities and challenges of enhanced domestic biomass production based on short rotation forestry (SRF) for heat supply which is currently among the most competitive technologies. To that end, TRIOPOL establishes a model linkage between a sectoral supply-model for Austrian agriculture and a national small open economy general equilibrium model. Model results show that a biomass premium of 65 € per ton dry matter is required to support 250,000 ha of SRF on cropland in Austria by 2020. The thus provided bioheat covers some 33 petajoule (PJ) heat energy demand in Austria; taking into account the likely rising of energy prices by 2020, this number rises to 47 PJ. Substantial land use changes may also be compensated by increases in land use intensity and as well as changes in imports and exports. Scenario results suggest that domestic food production of non-meat commodities falls by 1.3%. The sector meat products profits from the high competitiveness of Austrian livestock production and responds by a slight increase in net exports. The results of the quantitative analysis shall support the scientific and political debate on securing food and energy supply as well as economic development goals.
    Keywords: C63 ; C68 ; E20 ; F10 ; Q18 ; Q21 ; Q42 ; ddc:330 ; Bioenergie ; Landwirtschaft ; Nahrungsmittelproduktion ; Landnutzung ; Wärmebereitstellung ; Außenhandel ; Modellstudie ; Modellkopplung
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:report
    Location Call Number Limitation Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 57