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  • Polish  (164)
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  • 1
    Journal/Serial
    Journal/Serial
    Poznan : Wyzsza Szkola Logistyki ; 1.2005 -
    Keywords: Zeitschrift
    Type of Medium: Journal/Serial
    ISSN: 1895-2038
    Language: Polish
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  • 2
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    Warsaw: University of Warsaw, Centre of Migration Research (CMR)
    Publication Date: 2020-02-20
    Description: The report presents selected results of the survey on Ukrainian migrants conducted in Warsaw and its vicinities in 2016. It describes histories of Ukrainian citizens’ migration to Poland from the perspective of their professional and family situation and in relation to their social networks and social capital. It addresses differences between male and female migrants by demonstrating that, on the average, women have longer experience with migration to Poland and tend to start their migration at older age and more often as persons possessing already their own families (e.g. children) in Ukraine. By examining transitions of migrants’ professional status, the report reveals barriers for socio-economic integration of migrants in Poland and points to differences in sectoral concentration of male and female Ukrainian workers. As it regards social networks of studied migrants, especially of women, what attracts attention is their homogeneity in relation to various individual characteristics of persons involved in these networks such as citizenship, education, wealth and age. Both for men and women resources achievable by means of these networks are first of all of practical (e.g. help in finding job or accommodation) and emotional character. Overall, the results of the described survey point to the high importance of the gender dimension in migration and everyday integration of Ukrainian migrants in Poland.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Ukrainian migrants ; everyday integration ; gender differences ; professional status ; social networks ; social capital
    Language: Polish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 3
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    Warsaw: University of Warsaw, Centre of Migration Research (CMR)
    Publication Date: 2020-02-20
    Description: This paper examines the issue of Polish post-accession migration to the UK. The aim of the study was to investigate potential effect of Brexit on initial motivations, strategies and future plans of Poles living in Britain. UK's decision to leave the EU made on 23 June 2016 was undoubtedly an important moment for Polish migrants on the Isles, bringing a lot of uncertainties about their future legal status, pushing initially "intentionally unpredictable" young people towards rethinking their decisions and taking some action. Drawing on the qualitative study - the in-depth interviews with long-term migrants, conducted in Brighton and London region as a part of YMOBILITY project, potential changes in initially adapted strategies and migrants' future plans were analysed. The research based on the theoretical notions of "liquid migration", "social anchoring" and "differentiated embedding" is aiming to shed light on factors, which might influence Polish migrants' decision-making process. The results of the study indicate that personal factors seem to be of more importance than political events and determine migrants' future actions.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; liquid migration ; Brexit ; post-accession migrations of Poles ; intentional unpredictability ; social anchoring ; embedding
    Language: Polish
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  • 4
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    Warsaw: University of Warsaw, Centre of Migration Research (CMR)
    Publication Date: 2020-02-20
    Description: In recent ten years or so, in some regions and sectors of the Polish economy the share of foreign workers in the labour market became significant, especially in certain months of each year. This phenomenon has been increasingly bearing on labour force balances at local and regional levels, and on the employment strategies of individual companies. Workers employed within the framework of so-called simplified procedure played particularly important role in this process. The analysis that follows has been devoted to the situation of those workers and it compares their situation with that of natives. It has been based on national sample survey of companies which in 2016 registered a declaration of intention to employ a foreign worker. The author argues that, recently observed, relatively high incidence of foreign workers in the Poland's labour market contributes to the strengthening of that market segmentation. His analysis strongly supports a hypothesis implying the deterioration of terms 4 of employment (including wages) of the employees in the inferior (lower) segment of labour market and the intensification of discriminatory practices by employers as a result of the strengthened segmentation.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; labour market ; employment of foreigners ; simplified procedure ; substitution between foreign and native workers ; discrimination of employees
    Language: Polish
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  • 5
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    Warsaw: University of Warsaw, Centre of Migration Research (CMR)
    Publication Date: 2020-02-20
    Description: This report presents the results of quantitative research that was a part of the project "In search of a theory of multiple migration. A quantitative and qualitative study of Polish migrants after 1989" (NCN: Sonata Bis funding scheme). Data was gathered with a web-questionnaire, with respondent-driven sampling. Respondents were adults born in Poland who are currently living abroad and had stayed in at least two foreign countries (including the current one). Our sample is feminized, and persons between 25 and 34 are the biggest age group. Another important characteristic of the sample is the dominance of individuals with tertiary education. While half of the sample had lived in more than two foreign countries, the most mobile group (5 migrations and more) constituted only a small percentage of the sample. Three most common countries of respondents first migrations are Great Britain, Germany and USA. In the moment when they took part in the research, the biggest groups of respondents were living in Great Britain, Germany and the Czech Republic. Most frequent motivations for migration (both for first and current migration) were issues related to work.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; multiple migration ; Polish migrants ; RDS
    Language: Polish
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  • 6
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    Warsaw: University of Warsaw, Centre of Migration Research (CMR)
    Publication Date: 2018-08-08
    Description: The article discusses the case of academic silence around migration of Roma from Poland - both in Polish Romani studies (romology) and migration studies. The absence of Roma migration in migration research in Poland is contrasted with the absence of the subject of migration in Romani studies. Paradoxically, the group associated in the social imaginary with mobility is absent in migration studies in Poland. On the other hand, in the studies of Roma people in Poland, they turn out to be surprisingly static and immobilized. The aim of this paper is to critically explore this particular type of discursive silence, to think about what are the underlying theoretical and conceptual reasons and finally, how does it impact the migration and Romani studies.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; silence ; migration research ; migration of Roma from Poland ; Romani studies
    Language: Polish
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  • 7
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    Warsaw: University of Warsaw, Centre of Migration Research (CMR)
    Publication Date: 2018-08-08
    Description: The paper describes the dynamics of Polish migration to Ireland, taking into account the situation of the Irish economy and changing demand for workers on the Irish labour market. It also presents the characteristics of Polish migrants in the light of Irish, Polish and European statistics. The main focus of the analysis is the situation of Polish nationals on the island according to the 2016 Irish census, also taking into consideration main trends of change in comparison with the previous censuses. Polish immigrants, who used to be rare in Ireland before 2004, have since become the largest group of non-Irish nationals, spread all over the country, stable in size and slowly ageing. In comparison with other immigrant groups in Ireland, Poles stand out with their large percentage of persons with tertiary education and at the same time - a growing share of those continuing education. The report points to such signs of Poles' developing ties with Ireland as the share of households with children, growing number of Polish-Irish citizens and home ownership. The types distinguished among Polish migrants and their long-term migratory strategies are discussed separately.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Ireland ; Polish migrants ; post-accession migration ; census data
    Language: Polish
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  • 8
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    Warsaw: University of Warsaw, Centre of Migration Research (CMR)
    Publication Date: 2018-08-08
    Description: The aim of the report is the analysis of mechanisms behind labour migrants' social network formation and the role of networks in the process of everyday integration, understood as interaction in vital areas of people's lives, such as work, education or free time. The analysis is based on data deriving from a qualitative research conducted among Ukrainian labour migrants working in both the primary and the secondary labour market sector in Poland. In the first part of the report we analyse the mechanisms of Ukrainian labour migrants' tie formation with other Ukrainians and with Poles - in the work environment, during studies or through hobby groups. We show that the migrants' networks are characterised by homogeneity in various dimensions: nationality, regional origin, migration experience and socio-occupational status and we identify the reasons behind this. The second part of the report concerns the role of social networks in providing instrumental and emotional support. We distinguish resources, to which migrants have access through their social networks and their meaning for integration in economic, legal and socio-cultural dimensions. According to our research results, migrants can in a satisfactory way accomplish their migration goals, relying primarily on ties to other Ukrainians, and ties to Poles do not have an impact on the their sense of feeling integrated in Poland.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; social networks ; social capital ; integration ; migrant workers from Ukraine ; Poland
    Language: Polish
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  • 9
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    Warsaw: University of Warsaw, Centre of Migration Research (CMR)
    Publication Date: 2018-08-08
    Description: Stare Juchy is a Masurian commune which is “a focus” of emigration, in Florian Znaniecki’s terms: a sizable percentage of its inhabitants reside and work abroad. Emigration from Juchy is an example of economic emigration from a peripheral region. Most migrants have elementary or vocational education, the outflows are directed towards one single destination (Iceland), and are based entirely on migration chains. Still, emigration from Stare Juchy has its own peculiarities related to the local socio-economic situation and model of emigration that developed here. In this text, the results of studies on emigration from Stare Juchy, carried out in the summer and fall of 2016, and in the spring of 2017 are presented. A special attention was given to re-emigration: the motives of returning, the re-emigrants’ contributions to local community, and effects of economic and social remittances. To what extent they are agents of change, and whether their activities and attitudes confirm the observations of Krzywicki and Znaniecki on the impact of emigration on technological, custom and cultural changes in the local community; or whether they stabilize and preserve the social system, by providing a financial sources that allow families to survive without any need to face new challenges.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; return emigration ; emigration from peripheral region ; economic and social remittances ; Iceland ; Stare Juchy
    Language: Polish
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  • 10
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    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2019-06-14
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Language: Romanian
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  • 11
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    Warsaw: University of Warsaw, Centre of Migration Research (CMR)
    Publication Date: 2018-08-08
    Description: The aim of the text is to analyze electoral participation of Poles living in Ireland in elections in Poland (parliamentary and presidential) and in the elections to the European Parliament. General information on the electoral rights of Polish citizens living outside the country was presented, as well as the trends of external voting of Poles in years 1990-2015. The detailed analysis focused on Poles in Ireland, including the number of registered voters, cast votes and the results of support for individual candidates and political parties in the context of general election results in Poland and electoral participation of Polish citizens residing in other countries.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Poles in Ireland ; post accession migration ; electoral participation ; external voting
    Language: Polish
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  • 12
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    Warsaw: University of Warsaw, Centre of Migration Research (CMR)
    Publication Date: 2018-08-08
    Description: "Bandas Latinas" - informal youth organizations whose affiliation is based on rootst in the Latin American community along with structures and symbols developed in the USA - appeared in Spain at the beginning of the 21st century and quickly became a symbol of the problems emerging within the context of youth and immigration. The objective of this paper is to provide a multi-aspectual presentation of the phenomenon, in both the aspect of issues involved in the integration of immigrants, as well as of changes occurring in the cultural and self-identification spheres as a result of migration and the existence of transnational networks. The experience of youth in Spain is subjected to continual comparison with that of Latino youth in the USA; the question is also posed of whether the phenomenon of these groups should be viewed in an exclusively negative light. The second chapter contains a presentation of the current state of knowledge on their activities in Spain, confronted with theories concerning integration of the children of immigrants, in particular the idea of segmented assimilation and concepts which emerged out of it. The third chapter addresses the Latin Kings organization - it serves as an example of how "bandas latinas" are created and evolve on three continents, under the influence of diverse factors and with the involvement of various actors. The issue of the dynamics involved in the formation of new markers of identification is raised (the pan-ethnic category of Latino), as well as the role of the culture industry, mass media and the Internet in the forms taken on by the phenomena under discussion; significant space is dedicated to discussion of the theory of imagination proposed by A. Appadurai. Chapter four is devoted to organizations created by youth from the Dominican Republic. They are depicted in the context of transnational studies on migration by Dominicans, particularly their consequences for culture (changes in the understanding of the category of race). The work is rounded out by observations flowing from the analysis conducted of webpages created by members of Dominican "bandas". The concluding chapter is an attempt at systematizing the conclusions appearing in the work, as well as pointing to what may potentially be the most important issues on the plane of migration research raised by the phenomenon of "bandas".
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; integration ; identity ; 1.5 generation ; Latino gangs ; new ethnic communities ; Spain ; Latinos in the USA ; Internet ; Dominican Republic
    Language: Polish
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  • 13
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    Warsaw: Center for Social and Economic Research (CASE)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-15
    Description: Islamic finance is one of the most rapidly growing sectors in recent years. During the last decade the global value of Islamic assets has grown at yearly the pace of 10-12 per cent. Sharia compliant products, which are not based on the interest rate, has become popular also in non-Muslim countries, namely in the EU members states and in the US. Therefore, it is essential to address some practical aspects of use of these instruments such as risk management. The publication discusses characteristics of Islamic finance, financial risk that is included in main contracts and methods of its management (including practices of institutions that use Islamic financial products).
    Keywords: G31 ; G21 ; ddc:330 ; Financial sector ; Other Regions ; Islamic finance
    Language: Polish
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  • 14
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    Warsaw: University of Warsaw, Centre of Migration Research (CMR)
    Publication Date: 2018-08-08
    Description: According to Saskia Sassen (2012), contemporary borders are not erected against other sovereigns, but against nonstate transnational actors, migrants among them. The autonomy of migration of the latter is an act of resistance against the border regimes. Border and immigration controls aim at detecting and disciplining individuals, whose mobility questions state sovereignty. As Walters (2002) and De Genova (2010) notice, deportation and their sheer possibility, or deportability of migrants, produce sovereignty in the face of uncontrolled border-crossings, perceived by the states as a disturbing symptom of 'losing control.' The paper dialectically joins the theories concerning the macrolevel (state sovereignty, capitalist system relying on the immigrant labor force) and the level micro (the individual experience of deportation). The author presents the types of violence they experienced throughout the process of deportation. The analyzed ethnographic material is an outcome of the fieldwork conducted between 2012 and 2014 in the pueblo San Ángel in Lower Mixteca in the Mexican state of Oaxaca. Qualitative interviews with 27 inhabitants of pueblo who were deported from the US between 2006 and 2012 are the basis of the analysis. Deportation was an experience of the US state for this women and men who attempted to remain 'in the shadows.' The article presents the analysis of the phases of deportation (detection, detention, immigration court, transfer and return to Mexico) and the types of violence experienced. It is necessary to include also types of violence other than the physical, among them the objective types of violence: (éZiézek 2010): the structural (Galtung 1969) and the symbolic (Bourdieu, Wacquant 2001). The author demonstrates that symbolic violence can lead to resigning from appealing against the deportation order. The author describes how violence used against migrants reconstructs the US sovereignty in lieu of 'the shadows' where the migrants lived.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; violence ; sovereignty ; migrations ; deportation ; Mexico ; United States of America
    Language: Polish
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  • 15
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    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2019-06-14
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Language: Romanian
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  • 16
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    Warsaw: University of Warsaw, Centre of Migration Research (CMR)
    Publication Date: 2018-08-08
    Description: This working paper attempts to analyze the leading institutional features and mechanisms of rising and development of the Polish migration policy in the years 1989-2016 (April). We refer to the concept of "policy paradigm" created by Peter A. Hall (1993) who has analyzed the public policies in terms of a reflective adjustment of its objectives and administrative tools in accordance with previous experience and the incoming of new information. Referring to this concept we want to show that in Poland in the early 90s of XX century we experienced the radical change of the highly 'rationing' paradigm of migration policy and the creation of the new one (and more than 15 years of its functioning). We emphasize three of its features. First, that not emigration from Poland as the dominant migration phenomenon in this period but immigration (and different categories of foreigners) has been the main driver of shaping migration policy. Second point highlights the importance of the ministry of internal affairs as the leading actor of this policy. It was connected with the preference for the development of procedures and institutional mechanisms (as the main tools of co-operation within the administration) related to the control of migration processes, at the expense of a broader discussion about the goals of migration policy. Third point concerns the "practical" understanding of migration policy and its focusing on solving the migration issues in terms of legal procedures and institutional tools. From the one hand this approach hampered the functioning of the migration policy in Poland and solving new challenges of migration, but on the other hand it facilitated the acquisition of international and European (EU) legal solutions. At the end of the article we state the question whether the responses of the Polish authorities to the "migration crisis" in Europe from mid-2015 has been the continuation of the existing paradigm or the indicators of its change or even the radical break are being appears.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; migration ; Poland ; migration policy ; paradigms of public policies ; migration crisis
    Language: Polish
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  • 17
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    Warsaw: University of Warsaw, Centre of Migration Research (CMR)
    Publication Date: 2018-08-08
    Description: This paper describes the origins of Polish diaspora structures in Iceland. To this end, and with reference to the theory of civic participation, we point out two analytic categories: the association activity of the immigrants understood as their capacity for self-organization and creation of community events, and the engagement of the immigrants given by their participation in such events. In the second part, we describe the major Polish associations and informal initiatives, and apply to them a variant of SWOT analysis. In the final part we describe the divisions within the leadership of the Polish community in Iceland and the issues faced by Polish associations there.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Poles in Iceland ; immigrant associations ; divisions among Polish diaspora ; problems faced by Polonia associations
    Language: Polish
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  • 18
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    Warsaw: University of Warsaw, Centre of Migration Research (CMR)
    Publication Date: 2016-05-13
    Description: The text examines the main issues emerging in the scientific literature concerning the participation of diaspora in the political sphere of the country of origin, it also summarizes the conclusions from existing research and studies. Subsequent chapters are devoted to the main concepts and approaches currently developing within the diaspora studies and related to its political activities, as well as the complex relations between diaspora and the country of origin (including main actors, forms and institutions involved). The review of literature and research focuses in particular on the phenomenon of external voting - participation of citizens residing abroad in national elections in the country of origin and the main factors determining the process of political and electoral participation of diaspora.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; diaspora ; political participation ; voting rights ; literature review ; emigration ; Polish diaspora ; political discourse ; political programs and parties
    Language: Polish
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  • 19
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    Hamburg: Hamburgisches WeltWirtschaftsInstitut (HWWI)
    Publication Date: 2019-03-01
    Description: Unia Izb Łaby i Odry (KEO) jest transgranicznym zrzeszeniem należących do niej izb, działającym na rzecz wzmocnienia potencjału gospodarczego regionów objętych ich działaniem. W unii tej współpracuje ze sobą 17 niemieckich, 7 polskich i 10 czeskich izb przemysłowo-handlowych oraz izb rzemieślniczych. Celem inicjatywy jest wspólne reprezentowanie interesów firm z tego regionu na szczeblu krajowym i europejskim. Chodzi przy tym zwłaszcza o dalszy rozwój infrastruktury transportowej w obszarze KEO. Dzięki znacznej poprawie stanu sieci dróg i połączeń kolejowych, a także dróg wodnych, koszty transportu i transakcji mają zostać zmniejszone, co będzie bodźcem dla rozwoju gospodarczego i dla tworzenia transgranicznej sieci współpracy w regionie.
    Description: The Chamber Union Elbe/Oder (KEO) is a transnational federation including several chambers of commerce and associations with the aim to strengthen the economic performance of participating regions. 17 German, 7 Polish and 10 Czech chambers of industry and commerce as well as chambers of crafts are cooperating within this union. The initiative's goal is to represent the common interests of companies on the national and European level. The development of transport infrastructure in the KEO-region is thereby in the focus. Transportation and transaction costs shall be reduced by means of a far reaching improvement of the waterways and the road- and rail network to expedite the economic progress and the transboundary networking of the region.
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Language: Polish
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  • 20
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    Warsaw: University of Warsaw, Centre of Migration Research (CMR)
    Publication Date: 2018-08-08
    Description: The main aim of the paper is to analyse the media discourse concerning the emigration of Poles after the Polish accession to the European Union in 2004. The source material includes the contents of two popular titles of daily press: Gazeta Wyborcza and Rzeczpospolita in a period of ten years (2004-2013). Particular attention was devoted to the periods of election campaigns to the parliament, which took place in the years 2005, 2007 and 2011. The main questions that were raised in the course of the analysis include: the image of emigration after the accession which dominates in the press, the most current and topical topics present in the media discourse, evaluation of the process of emigration and its effects and the dynamics of discourse over time.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; media discourse ; content analysis ; post-accession of emigration of Poles
    Language: Polish
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  • 21
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    Warsaw: University of Warsaw, Centre of Migration Research (CMR)
    Publication Date: 2016-05-13
    Description: The text analyzes the political discourse in Poland for the presence of the topic of emigration and diaspora. The study is a qualitative content analysis, the subject of the analysis are programs of political parties, materials and documents created for election campaigns and exposé of prime ministers, forming successive governments. The analysis covers the period from election 1991 to the 2011-2015 parliamentary term. A more detailed analysis covers the years 2005-2011, the period after the Polish accession to the EU, symbolizing the beginning of the last wave of mass emigration. The main research questions concern the space, form and the recipients of political message on the theme of emigration and diaspora, its changes over time and the relationship between the declarations contained in the political parties programs, prime ministers exposé and later in government initiatives. The analysis showed that subjects relating to emigration and diaspora were present (though to varying degrees) during each election campaign, and the greatest interest in them took place during the elections in 2007. These topics were also not the subject of political controversy: the various political parties were rather consistent in the diagnosis of the situation and the solutions proposed in the programs, government initiatives on emigration and Poles living abroad met with symbolic resistance from the political opponents.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; emigration ; Polish diaspora ; political discourse ; political programs and parties
    Language: Polish
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  • 22
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    Warsaw: University of Warsaw, Centre of Migration Research (CMR)
    Publication Date: 2016-05-13
    Description: The aim of this study is to present the state of the art of research on mixed marriages in terms of ethnicity and nationality. The study covers the works on mate selection and immigrants integration. It begins with an overview of existing definitions of marriage and types of mixed marriage as well. These introductory reflections are followed by the presentation of marital matching process and social integration of immigrants from different theoretical perspectives. Then, the analysis of studies of intermarriage come in first place focusing primarily on migration studies. The study ends with the conclusions that summarize the most important scientific achievements of researchers in the field of intermarriage research. It encompasses also separate section on the potential of the intermarriage research in Poland.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; mixed marriages ; integration ; migration ; mate selection
    Language: Polish
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  • 23
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    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2016-06-04
    Description: The general objective of the study is to strengthen the strategic framework, to consolidate policies and to support actions aimed at promoting energy security by exploiting Romania’s potential in terms of unconventional gas resources. The specific objectives aim to facilitate the understanding of exploration and exploitation of shale gas processes in Romania and coordinate opportunities in order to meet the energy demand, the environmental and human health risks, taking into consideration the European and international context. The study provides policy analysis, data and carries comprehensive research by addressing the issue of exploitation of natural gas resources, especially the unconventional shale gas. It takes into consideration several issues such as Romania’s need to increase the security of gas supply, concerns to comply with environmental standards and safeguard the populations in areas where exploration and exploitation take place, particularly in relation to maintaining soil and drinking water quality for household consumption and farms. [...]
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Language: Romanian
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  • 24
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    Warsaw: University of Warsaw, Centre of Migration Research (CMR)
    Publication Date: 2016-05-13
    Description: An interpretation of domestic cleaners' work as experienced by Polish immigrants in New York City is presented in this text. It argues that the elements of this work that cleaners appreciated themselves are the characteristics of the small immigrant enterprise whose place on the market relies heavily on strong ethnic brand. These characteristics are: significant amount of autonomy; operating under the owners' own financial risk and on the basis of contract between relatively equal partners; depersonalized, standardized and professional service is delivered under conditions of trust and with significant amount of emotional labor. This immigrant business sector relies on immigrant networks and recommendation. A 'Polish maid' is an ethnic brand appreciated in New York City.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; labor migrants ; New York City (United States) ; cleaners ; ethnic queue
    Language: Polish
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  • 25
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    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2016-06-04
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Freizügigkeit ; Rumänen ; Wirkungsanalyse ; EU-Staaten ; Rumänien
    Language: Romanian
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  • 26
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    Berlin: Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (DIW)
    Publication Date: 2019-02-08
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Language: German , English , Polish , Turkish , Romanian , Russian
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  • 27
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    Łódź: Uniwersytet Łódzki
    Publication Date: 2015-11-13
    Description: The popularisation of code elaboration addressed to various social groups is one of the features of the modern world. However, among researchers of this phenomenon a full consensus on the moral validity and usefulness of this activity does not exist. The article closely reviews the literature with regard to the reasons for the creation of a moderate position on the codification of ethical standards. The essay brings closer the main concepts of ethical codes and positions for their adoption and rejection. Attention is paid to ways of increasing the effectiveness of codes and the ethical decision-making procedure in a manner that undermines supporters and opponents of codification approaches.
    Description: Popularyzacja tworzenia kodeksów zaadresowanych do różnych grup społecznych jest jedną z cech współczesnego świata. Wśród badaczy tego zjawiska nie ma jednak pełnej zgody na zasadność i użyteczność moralną tej działalności. Artykuł przybliża przegląd literatury przedmiotu w zakresie dotyczącym argumentów za stworzeniem umiarkowanego stanowiska na rzecz kodyfikacji norm etycznych. Przybliżono główne pojęcia dotyczące kodeksów etycznych i stanowiska za ich przyjęciem i odrzuceniem. Zwrócono uwagę na sposoby zwiększania skuteczności kodeksów oraz procedurę podejmowania decyzji etycznych w sposób godzący podejścia zwolenników i przeciwników kodyfikacji.
    Keywords: M14 ; ddc:330 ; professional ethics ; codification ; standardization ; regulation of behaviour ; situationism ; social responsibility
    Language: Polish
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    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2016-06-04
    Description: This study contributes to the literature on the competitiveness of Romanian exports with a new perspective over the decade 2001-2011, by overlapping of two complementary analyses: of the export performance dynamics and of the domestic revenues created by export manufacturers and their suppliers. The analyzed period includes the period of global economic growth (mainly 2003-2007) and the first years of the economic crisis (2009-2011 ). The year 2007, when Romania joined the European Union, is in the middle of the analyzed period. The dynamics of Romania's export performance was assessed through a specific method combining three different research lines(1) changes in the ranking of exported products in the reference years 2001 and 2011, (2) evolution of the performance of key products exported in 2001 and (3) the position in 2001 of key products exported in 2011. The analysis of domestic revenues created by export manufacturers and their suppliers provides, for the first time for Romania a brief study on the position of the country on the global value chain, following the logic proposed by the European Commission in its last two European Competitiveness Reports (2012 and 2013). When corroborated, the results of the two analyses can be used to discuss the extent to which the current structure of exports contributes to the generation of domestic revenues and as such might prove useful in the debate on the identification of a country brand for Romania. In order to achieve the latter goal, we conducted two detailed case studies on two reference sectors of the Romanian economy: motor vehicles and creative industries. [...]
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Export ; Performance-Messung ; Einnahmen ; Internationaler Wettbewerb ; EU-Binnenmarkt ; Rumänien
    Language: Romanian
    Type: doc-type:report
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  • 29
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    Warsaw: University of Warsaw, Centre of Migration Research (CMR)
    Publication Date: 2016-05-13
    Description: The text, consisting of two parts, presents conclusions from the exploratory research on the Polish female niche on the New York City immigrant labor market - cleaning. Part 1 points out the crucial character of the working class niches on the Western labor markets for the image of Poland and for Polish identity itself. Critically referring to Waldinger's theory of ethnic queue, ethnic niche and immigrant and ethnic enterprise as well as to historical research on transformation of the domestic workers' social status, the study attempts at explaining why Polish immigrants have not established a niche in the sector of Manhattan's office cleaning. The circumstances of the change in the ethnic queue that were not identified by Waldinger are pointed out and discussed.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; labor migrants ; New York City (United States) ; cleaners ; ethnic niche ; ethnic queue
    Language: Polish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 30
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    Warsaw: University of Warsaw, Centre of Migration Research (CMR)
    Publication Date: 2016-05-13
    Description: The article provides a concise review of the literature on the recent developments of international relations in the field of refugee issues. The chosen bibliography neither attempts to be comprehensive nor does it serve as a complete research guide. Given the body of knowledge that exists on the subject of refugees, the author elected to review some principal literature of the phenomenon in question and analyze research trends in the field. The review consists of four parts, which throw light on the significant areas in literature addressing the question of refugees in international relations. In the first part of the article, the author provides a historical background to the studies of a refugee phenomenon. Secondly, he discusses the refugee phenomenon in the sphere of law. The third section discusses a variety of studies and researches done on the phenomenon of forced migration by international relation scholars. Finally, the author investigates the polish achievements in relation to refugee studies, particularly in the subject of international relations. In the present article the achievements of the Polish science in relation to the refugee problem are analyzed in comparison with Western science.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; refugee studies ; international relations ; literature review
    Language: Polish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 31
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    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2016-06-04
    Description: The aim of the study is to offer to decision-makers the necessary data regarding European policies of social inclusion for the Roma, with focus on the practices which have shown a positive impact in the fields of education, employment, housing and health, and to accompany the analysis with policy recommendations for a more efficient and effective action in promoting Roma inclusion. The second chapter, Social Inclusion Policies at the European Level: Mainstreaming versus Targeting offers a brief historical overview of the European policy framework within which social inclusion was conceptualised and its corresponding policies were articulated, along with preoccupations with the situation of the Roma, defined as a European minority subject to centuries-long discrimination. It reminds the reader the definition of „social inclusion” mentioned in European documents and connects the development of the concept and its corresponding social policies to the discourse on the risks of poverty and social exclusion, which can be found already in the 1984 documents of the Council of European Communities. The first part of the chapter presents the emergence and evolution of the Lisbon agenda (2000) and the Open Method of Coordination in the Domain of Social Policies (OMC) that became operational soon after, along with the main indicators aimed to measure the extent and depth of poverty and social exclusion in EU member states, i.e. the Laeken indicators and the currently employed AROPE indicator. It discusses the role of the European Platform against Poverty and Social Exclusion, launched in 2010 as part of the Europe 2020 strategy for smart, sustainable development that fosters social inclusion. The Platform aims to stand for a political commitment of EU member states to promote social innovation and more efficient use of European funds for the objectives of social inclusion. Recently, the European Commission also recommended adding a series of social indicators (i.e. the rate of long term unemployment and the neither-in-work-nor-in-education rate among the youth) in the monitorization of the European common market. [...]
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Soziale Integration ; Roma-Bevölkerung ; EU-Politik ; EU-Staaten
    Language: Romanian
    Type: doc-type:report
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  • 32
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    Warsaw: University of Warsaw, Centre of Migration Research (CMR)
    Publication Date: 2016-05-13
    Description: The main aim of the paper is to present the legal and institutional framework related to participation of citizens residing abroad in national elections (so called external voting) implemented in various countries. In particular, the legal framework existing in Poland is a subject of detailed analyses, including the changes over the last century. A review of present legal and organizational solutions connected to external voting is presented in the text, as well as national models based on cases of selected states. The possible procedures of registration and voting from abroad and their development in time (reflecting the transformation of external voting towards better accessibility and universality) are also discussed in the paper. The subject of analysis are existing dilemmas related to implementation of voting from abroad in practice, including passive voting rights (the seats in parliament dedicated to diaspora representatives).
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; electoral participation ; external voting ; diaspora ; Polonia and Poles abroad
    Language: Polish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 33
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    Warsaw: University of Warsaw, Centre of Migration Research (CMR)
    Publication Date: 2016-05-13
    Description: The text presents a comparative analysis of participation of Poles residing abroad in national elections in Poland (both parliamentary and presidential) over the last two decades (1990-2011). There were seven parliamentary and five presidential elections in Poland during this period. The text contains a detailed analysis of particular elections based on the State Electoral Commission database, including the number of registered voters and votes cast abroad, the turnout level and the number of polling stations established out of Poland. Taking into account the long-term trends, there is a noticeable increase in the number of votes cast abroad in state elections after 2004. This is a direct effect of the growing number of Poles living abroad after Poland's accession to the EU, but it is also due to the fact that diaspora became an important target group for political elites and media during the electoral campaigns. Thus, the changing number of votes cast abroad has been influenced by various factors related on the one hand to the socio-political situation and, on the other - to the elections organization process, including the voter's registration scheme, the number of polling stations established abroad and the system of voting. The political preferences of Polish voters abroad are different from the population voting in the country. Additionally, when the political parties' support is examined, there are visible differences between Poles residing in American and European countries. The text consists of three main parts. The first presents general trends in electoral participation of Poles abroad in national elections. In the second part, there is a detailed data analysis (both qualitative and quantitative) of all elections (presidential and parliamentary) in the years 1990-2011. The concluding part summarizes the internal and external factors which determine the dynamics of the participation level of Poles abroad in national elections.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; electoral participation ; Polish diaspora and Poles abroad ; parliamentary and presidential elections ; voting abroad
    Language: Polish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 34
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    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2016-06-04
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Energiemarkt ; Erdgasmarkt ; Deregulierung ; Energiepolitik ; Rumänien
    Language: Romanian
    Type: doc-type:report
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  • 35
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    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2016-06-04
    Description: In this study, we analyse the manner of developing a particular system of coordination of European affairs at national level, as well as its efficiency, the aim being to provide suggestions for improving it. The introductory section highlights the need for such a study, given the current political and institutional context of Romania, and it states the objectives of the study. Special attention is given to presenting the theoretical approach (expressing, on the one hand, the authors' vision that European affairs - distinctly from foreign affairs - are part of the complex governance process specific for the European Union (EU) and, on the other hand, operationalizing the idea of efficiency within a national system for coordinating European affairs, etc.) and the research methodology (reasons for choosing a comparative research design to support the presented arguments, as well as the qualitative research performed). In the first part, the paper also provides information on the legislative and institutional configuration of the EU, following the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, because the novelties and reforms brought by this regulatory framework (supperior to the one of the Nice Treaty, but inferior to the proposals stipulated within the Constitutional Treaty) have a direct impact on designing the structure for coordinating European affairs in the Member States. Given that in Romania the European affairs coordination system was initially inspired by the French model, while later suffering a series of institutional changes (some inspired by models from other EU states), an important part of the study addresses the need to know, from a comparative perspective, the best practices in European affairs coordination and cooperation mechanisms in other EU Member States. [...]
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; EU-Politik ; Rumänien
    Language: Romanian
    Type: doc-type:report
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  • 36
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    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2016-06-04
    Description: The study "Perspectives of the Migration Policy in Romania's Current Demographic Context" belongs to the thematic series of papers dedicated to migration initiated by the European Institute of Romania. If initially the issue of migrations analysed the relationship between the Romanian migrants and the European common space ("Free Movement of People" - 2002, "The Migration Phenomenon in Romania from the Perspective of Romania's Adherence to the European Union" - 2004 and "European Perspectives on Asylum and Migration" - 2008), the new suggested themes sought to expand the migrations' topic. In this respect, after analysing and assessing the effects of external migrations in the context of free movement within the communitary space, the European Institute of Romania (EIR) suggests a new scientific challenge, which is also of public interest, namely the analysis of migrations and the relative policies in the context of profound transformations of demographic structures in Romania. The topicality of this issue is confirmed by the increasing interest shown by numerous representatives of the scientific environment, as well as by experts within public institutions or interested politicians. [...]
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Internationale Migration ; Freizügigkeit ; Wirkungsanalyse ; Bevölkerungsentwicklung ; Migrationspolitik ; Rumänien
    Language: Romanian
    Type: doc-type:report
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    Kiel und Hamburg: ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft
    Publication Date: 2016-08-26
    Description: Raport powstał z inicjatywy Fundacji Pomocy Matematykom i Informatykom Niesprawnym Ruchowo w ramach projektu „Centrum Edukacji i Aktywizacji Zawodowej Osób Niepełnosprawnych - Oddziały Bydgoszcz i Łódź". Stanowi on rezultat badań zjawiska niepełnosprawności i kategorii społecznej, jaką stanowią osoby niepełnosprawne, oraz funkcjonowania ponad 30 agencji zatrudnienia wyspecjalizowanych we wsparciu osób niepełnosprawnych na rynku pracy. Pierwszy rozdział ekspertyzy dotyczy sposobów definiowania zjawiska niepełnosprawności, w drugim zaś - podjęto zagadnienie budowania potencjału niepublicznych służb zatrudnienia osób niepełnosprawnych. Trzeci rozdział raportu zawiera informacje dotyczące przyjętej metodologii badań, a czwarty prezentuje wyniki analiz zebranego materiału empirycznego w odniesieniu do oferty agencji zatrudnienia i jej klientów. Tematem piątego rozdziału pracy jest kondycja agencji zatrudnienia osób niepełnosprawnych, prowadzonych przez organizacje pozarządowe. Motyw przewodni kolejnego rozdziału to otoczenie zewnętrzne agencji zatrudnienia. Ostatnia cześć raportu dotyczy rekomendacji wspomagających rozwiązywanie dylematów rozwojowych, przed którymi stoją agencje zatrudnienia.
    Description: This report was made on the initiative of the Foundation Supporting Disabled Mathematicians and IT professionals in the project "Centre for Education and Vocational Activation of Persons with Disabilities - Branches Bydgoszcz and Lodz." It is the result of research on disability phenomenon and people with disabilities social category. It contains information about operations of more than 30 employment agencies specialized in helping people with disabilities into the labor market. First chapter of expertise relates to methods for defining the prevalence of disability and in the second - it was the issue of capacity building for non-disabled employment services. Third chapter of the report provides information on the methodology of research, and the fourth presents the results of an empirical analysis of the collected material in relation to the offer of employment agencies and their clients. Theme of the fifth chapter of the work is the condition of the disabled employment agency run by NGOs. Theme of the next chapter is the external environment of employment agencies. Last part of the report focuses on solving a recommendation supporting development dilemmas faced by agencies employment.
    Keywords: E24 ; J68 ; Z13 ; ddc:300 ; employment agencies ; disability ; non-governmental organizations ; persons with disabilities ; employment services ; third sector ; employment offices ; labor market ; V.13.01 Labour Market ; V.14.01.01 Social Policy ; V.13.01.02 Labour Market Policy
    Language: Polish
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  • 38
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    Warsaw: Center for Social and Economic Research (CASE)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-23
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Zinspolitik ; Geldpolitik ; Wirkungsanalyse ; USA ; Welt
    Language: Polish
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  • 39
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    Warsaw: Center for Social and Economic Research (CASE)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-23
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Schuldenkrise ; Haushaltskonsolidierung ; Gesundheitsreform ; Bildungsreform ; Energiepolitik ; Bevölkerungsentwicklung ; EU-Staaten
    Language: Polish
    Type: doc-type:conferenceObject
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  • 40
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    Warsaw: Center for Social and Economic Research (CASE)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-23
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Bankenaufsicht ; Corporate Governance ; Bankmanagement ; Managervergütung ; Basler Akkord ; Welt ; Polen
    Language: Polish
    Type: doc-type:conferenceObject
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  • 41
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    Warsaw: Center for Social and Economic Research (CASE)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-23
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Bank ; Branchenentwicklung ; Moral Hazard ; Finanzkrise ; Polen ; Europa
    Language: Polish
    Type: doc-type:conferenceObject
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  • 42
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    Warsaw: Center for Social and Economic Research (CASE)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-23
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Finanzsystem ; Bankenkrise ; Bankenregulierung ; Politisches System ; Welt
    Language: Polish
    Type: doc-type:conferenceObject
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  • 43
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    Warsaw: Center for Social and Economic Research (CASE)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-23
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Bankinsolvenz ; Bankrecht ; Bankenregulierung ; Einlagensicherung ; Welt
    Language: Polish
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  • 44
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    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2016-06-04
    Description: The present study aims, in the first part, to examine the trends evidenced at the level of international trade and extra-community trade flows and, at the same time, the new directions of the EU trade policy in relation with the rest of the world. In the second part, it brings to the forefront the main trends of the Romanian trade as well as the Romanian export competitiveness and ways towards their sustainable development. These issues are analyzed and presented in seven sections, as follows: I. Developments, trends and structural changes in international trade in goods II. Main characteristics of the extra-community trade in goods during 2000-2011. Romania's position in these exchanges III. EU trade policy and its impact on the Romanian foreign trade IV. General directions of the Romanian foreign trade during 2000-2011. Assessment of the Romanian export competitiveness. The role of FDI in promoting exports V. Benchmarking best practices in export support and promotion. Role played by national and international organizations VI. Challenges and perspectives of the Romanian exports VII. Ways towards sustainable export development. Role of the National Export Strategy. [...]
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Export ; Außenhandel ; EU-Außenwirtschaftspolitik ; Außenwirtschaftspolitik ; Rumänien
    Language: Romanian
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  • 45
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    Białystok: Fundacja SocLab
    Publication Date: 2016-04-07
    Description: Celem niniejszego opracowania jest przybliżenie podstaw teoretycznych dyplomacji publicznej oraz charakterystyki metod i obszarów współpracy transgranicznej prowadzonej przez samorządy województwa podlaskiego. Raport w szczególności zwraca uwagę na obywatelski i samorządowy wymiar polskiej polityki zagranicznej. Podjętą analizę ukierunkowano na rozpoznanie dotychczasowych praktyk w tym zakresie, jak też na określenie wniosków i rekomendacji, co do dalszego rozwoju zdecentralizowanej polityki zagranicznej. W raporcie w pierwszej kolejności omówiono podstawowe pojęcia teoretyczne związane z obywatelską i samorządową współpracą transgraniczną. Zwrócono uwagę na priorytety zdecentralizowanej polityki zagranicznej Polski oraz na zróżnicowanie sektorowe aktorów współpracy transgranicznej w województwie podlaskim. Następnie w podziale na powiaty omówiono realizowane i planowane inicjatywy współpracy transgranicznej obecne w dostępnych publicznie dokumentach strategicznych samorządów woj. podlaskiego. W dalszej części raportu podjęto próbę podsumowania obszarów i metod współpracy oraz wskazano na główne wnioski i rekomendacje.
    Description: The aim of this paper is to present the theoretical basis of public diplomacy and the characteristics of methods and areas of cross-border cooperation conducted by local governments in Podlaskie Voivodship. Report, in particular, draws attention to the civic and local government dimension of Polish foreign policy. Undertaken analysis was targeted to recognition of existing practices in this area, as well as to identify conclusions and recommendations for further development of decentralized foreign policy. This report first discusses the basic theoretical concepts related to citizenship and local government cross-border cooperation. Attention was drawn to priorities of Polish decentralized foreign policy and sectoral diversification of cross-border cooperation actors in the Podlaskie Voivodship. Next the existing and planned cross-border cooperation initiatives present in the public programs and strategies of local governments and districts were discussed. Later in the report an attempt to summarize the areas and methods of cooperation were undertaken as well as some main conclusions and recommendations were pointed out.
    Keywords: F55 ; H77 ; O19 ; Z13 ; ddc:300 ; public diplomacy ; businesses ; citizenship ; cross-border cooperation ; local government ; non-governmental organizations ; Podlaskie region ; foreign policy ; universities
    Language: Polish
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  • 46
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    Warsaw: University of Warsaw, Centre of Migration Research (CMR)
    Publication Date: 2016-05-13
    Description: The text presents a proposal of new a concept of social anchoring, which redefines the problem of links between an individual and a society and tries to tackle the problem of cement in a contemporary society. In the first part of the article the role of identity for the analysis of a contemporary society and reasons why the concept of identity is so problematic are examined. Afterwards the problem of relationship between identity, on the one hand, and integration as well as social cohesion in complex and diverse societies, on the other hand, is described. These parts play a role of introduction to the concept of social anchoring, similarly to the analysis of the daily and metaphoric usage of anchoring, particularly in psychology. The central part of the text presents the concept of social anchoring as a new theoretical proposal, which revises and integrates the previous categories and research approaches. It is proposed to provisionally define anchoring as searching for points of reference and footholds which enables individuals to establish socio-psychological stability in their lives. There can be distinguished different types of anchors, among others such as legal and institutional (e.g. citizenship), economic (material resources), places (e.g. place of birth), personal anchors (such as appearance, physical practices, individual traits and values), cultural (e.g. language), and social anchors (embedded for example in family or friend relations). The proposed approach provides an opportunity to integrate the issues of identity, adaptation and integration as well as to overcome the limitations of subjectively defined identity and include the psycho-sociological resources that can be used by individuals to adapt to changeable social realities. Although this concept mainly originates from migration studies dealing with the adaptation and integration of migrants, it seems to be also useful for more general sociological analyses.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; identity ; integration ; adaptation ; social anchoring ; Persönlichkeitspsychologie ; Soziale Integration
    Language: Polish
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  • 47
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    Warsaw: University of Warsaw, Centre of Migration Research (CMR)
    Publication Date: 2016-05-13
    Description: The Working Paper discusses the relations between two kinds of mobility: socio-occupational mobility and international mobility. The first chapter relates to the methodological challenges both of qualitative and quantitative nature. The challenges demand application both, hand in hand, qualitative and quantitative methods. The second chapter presents results of quantitative approach based on data extracting from CMR datasets, collected throughout the time of political and economic transition in Poland. The analyses conducted in this chapter allows for distinguishing two paths of occupational careers, in dichotomy: stable and changing/ ranging. The third chapter discusses qualitative findings of the analysis allowing to understand the role of migration in the occupational paths of migrants. The qualitative approach undertakes two ways of analyses: critical events in people's lives and life history. Both qualitative and quantitative approaches presented in this paper allow for better understanding of both objective (quantitative) and subjective (qualitative) meanings of migration in occupational paths. The meanings can be differentiated, pending on the objective situation of migrants, e.g. structural conditions and migrants' own perception of the role of migration in their lives.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; international migration ; social mobility ; occupational careers ; qualitative approach ; quantitative approach ; narratives
    Language: Polish
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  • 48
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    Warsaw: University of Warsaw, Centre of Migration Research (CMR)
    Publication Date: 2016-05-13
    Description: While there is a growing body of social research on migration and integration of immigrants from third countries arriving into the European Union (EU), this paper draws attention to the intra-EU mobility and integration processes. It is doing so by presenting results of a research on social adaptation practices of highly skilled migrants from other EU countries that temporarily live in Warsaw (i.e. up to five years). The research with people of British, French and German nationality has demonstrated how they create everyday social spaces. Short-term perspective on their own life activities that are driven by their spatial mobility, contributes to development of specific adaptation strategies in which reproduction of the social space constitutes a stable component. Relations with other immigrants and local residents are reproduced and they are selective (created with Poles and other expats of similar traits), spatial (developed in specific places) and temporal (assumed to be short-term). Relations with family and close friends are sustained despite leading a hyper-mobile life. Their transnational social space is flexible regarding its scope and strenght - while social relations in Poland are selective and temporary, social ties sustained with family members and close friends outside Poland are stable and long-term. The research has also exposed a gender dimension in the transnational spaces creation with women who play active role in their reproduction. Everyday practices of women create a sense of "familiarity" and "stability" and constitute a counterbalance for "fluidity" and "changeability" around which mobile lives of their families evolve.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; highly skilled migration ; temporary migration ; expatriate ; intra-EU mobility ; Warsaw ; Migranten ; Hochqualifizierte Arbeitskräfte ; Europäer ; Soziale Beziehungen ; Warschau
    Language: Polish
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  • 49
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    Warsaw: University of Warsaw, Centre of Migration Research (CMR)
    Publication Date: 2016-05-13
    Description: Until the fall of 2008, Iceland was described as a prosperous nation, with a very high standard of living. The island's favourable economic situation and the opening in 2006 of the labour market to nationals of the new member states of the European Union caused a large flow of Polish immigrants into the country, where they soon became the largest ethnic group apart from the natives. Iceland's economic situation underwent a dramatic change in 2008, with the onset of the financial crisis. This, however, did not trigger any massive outflow of Poles from the island. The present work is a report on a sociological study, conducted among Polish immigrants in Reykjavik in April and May of 2010. In the first part of the work we describe the origins and phases of Iceland's crisis and the economic and social consequences of the financial collapse. In the second part we present the theoretical and methodological bases of this investigation. In the third part, based on our research, we reconstruct the adaptation strategies used by Polish immigrants during the economic crisis. In spite of suffering a higher unemployment rate than native Icelanders, Poles in Iceland coped rather well with this time and paradoxically, many of them were less affected by the economic downturn than most of the natives, mainly as a result of their more traditional economic behaviour. As a result of the crisis, part of the Polish diaspora in Iceland began a transformation from temporary settlement to permanent.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; migration ; Iceland ; financial crisis ; adaptation strategies
    Language: Polish
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    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2016-06-04
    Description: The severity of the global financial crisis has highlighted major structural limits not only at the level of credit institutions' risk management strategies, but also in the financial safety net. There were very few rules at the onset of the international financial crisis, to determine the actions to be taken by the authorities in case of distressed banks. Lender of last resort funding by central banks, deposit guarantee schemes and the prudential regulatory framework, as they were before the crisis, failed to stem the propagation of systemic shock that spread to the entire European banking system, after the collapse of Lehman Brothers, in the mid-September 2008. The newly created situation showed that public authorities do not have adequate means to handle the situation of distressed banks on today's globalized markets. When a bank had been under stress, there was the risk of contaminating other financial institutions, including those beyond the borders of a country. During the systemic events, several major banks were in such a situation (Fortis, Lehman Brothers, Icelandic banks, Anglo Irish Bank, Dexia), which indicated that existing mechanisms were not effective, being necessary the design of additional elements, in order to allow a proper management of distressed financial institutions. [...]
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Finanztransaktionssteuer ; Wirkungsanalyse ; Wirtschaftswachstum ; Öffentliche Finanzen
    Language: Romanian
    Type: doc-type:report
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    Warsaw: University of Warsaw, Centre of Migration Research (CMR)
    Publication Date: 2016-05-13
    Description: This paper presents theoretical background for studying consequences of highly-skilled migration for individual and aggregated human capital. Contrary to the brain drain discussion, which stresses the loss for the sending countries resulting from the outflow of specialists abroad, the paper focuses on the positive impacts of migration on the countries of origin. These could be a result of acquisition of new competences (resulting in higher salaries after return), of human capital stimulation in the sending country (of both migrants and non-migrants) or of remittances sent to the country of origin. Decreased costs of highly-skilled migration due to the automatic recognition of qualifications in selected professions in the European Union (e.g. for healthcare professionals) could result in increased temporality of migration. Temporality and circularity of migration together with lack of mass migration and high transferability of experience and skills between the countries could further result in brain gain for the sending countries.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; brain drain ; brain gain ; human capital ; healthcare professionals ; Brain Drain ; Internationale Migration ; Hochqualifizierte Arbeitskräfte ; Gesundheitsberufe ; Wirkungsanalyse ; Humankapital
    Language: Polish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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    Białystok: Instytut Socjologii Uniwersytet w Białymstoku
    Publication Date: 2016-08-26
    Description: Niepełnosprawność jest jedną z cech różnicujących jednostki i grupy we współczesnych społeczeństwach. Osoby o ograniczonej sprawności fizycznej, poznawczej i psychicznej są szczególnie narażone na dyskryminację oraz wykluczenie społeczne, gospodarcze i polityczne. Co istotne kwestia socjalna osób niepełnosprawnych na początku XXI wieku zmienia się wchodząc w relację z procesem starzenia się ludności. Artykuł ma na celu przybliżenie wybranych teoretycznych koncepcji działań na rzecz poprawy wizerunku niepełnosprawności i ograniczania barier doświadczanych przez osoby niepełnosprawne w dostępie do różnego rodzaju zasobów, przestrzeni i szans. Krytyczna analiza literatury przedmiotu obejmuje wskazanie cech koncepcji polityki aktywizacji oraz zasad i celów polityki społecznej w holistycznym paradygmacie normalizacji. Podsumowanie zawiera możliwe dalsze kierunki badań i analiz.
    Description: Disability is one of the features that differentiate individuals and groups in modern societies. People with reduced physical, cognitive and psychological efficiency are particularly exposed to discrimination and social, economic and political exclusion. What's important social issue of people with disabilities in the early 21st century changes by entering into a relationship with the ageing of the population. Article aims to introduce some theoretical concepts efforts to improve the image of disability and reduce the barriers faced by persons with disabilities in access to different kinds of resources, spaces and opportunities. A critical analysis of the literature includes: description of the concept of activation policy as well as principles and objectives of social policy in a holistic paradigm of normalization. This summary contains possible future directions of research and analysis.
    Keywords: J24 ; Z18 ; ddc:330 ; Integration ; Governance ; Normalization ; Persons with Disabilities ; Disability ; Activation ; Social policy
    Language: Polish
    Type: doc-type:article
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    Białystok: Fundacja SocLab
    Publication Date: 2018-11-14
    Description: Badania prezentowane w niniejszej publikacji miały na celu dostarczenie danych koniecznych do prowadzenia polskiej polityki zagranicznej rozszerzonej o wymiar samorządowy i obywatelski w województwie podlaskim. Głównym celem diagnozy było zbadanie, jak jednostki samorządu terytorialnego, organizacje pozarządowe, przedsiębiorstwa oraz uczelnie wyższe nawiązywały współpracę transgraniczną z partnerami na Litwie, Białorusi, Ukrainie i w Rosji (Obwód Kaliningradzki). W publikacji wskazano miejsca największego potencjału, jak również barier na drodze do takiej współpracy w regionie. Zwrócono szczególną uwagę na kooperację tych podmiotów, łączenie swoich potencjałów i tworzenie wspólnych projektów.
    Description: Studies presented in this publication were aimed at provide data necessary for the conducting of local government and citizenship dimension of the enlarged Polish foreign policy in Podlaskie region. The main objective was to investigate the diagnosis, as the local government units, non-governmental organizations, businesses and universities alluded cross-border cooperation with partners in Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine and Russia (Kaliningrad). The publication indicated areas of the greatest potential, as well as barriers to such cooperation in the region. Particular attention was paid to the cooperation of these entities, combining their potentials and create joint projects.
    Keywords: F55 ; H77 ; O19 ; Z13 ; ddc:330 ; public diplomacy ; businesses ; citizenship ; cross-border cooperation ; local government ; non-governmental organizations ; Podlaskie region ; foreign policy ; universities
    Language: Polish
    Type: doc-type:book
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  • 54
    Book
    Book
    Berlin : Dt. Studentenwerk [u.a.]
    Keywords: Wörterbuch
    Type of Medium: Book
    Pages: 27 S. , überw. Ill.
    Edition: 1. Aufl.
    Language: German , Polish , Russian
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    Warsaw: University of Warsaw, Centre of Migration Research (CMR)
    Publication Date: 2016-05-13
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Polen (Personen) ; Führungspersönlichkeit ; Meinung ; Juden ; Puertoricaner ; Ethnische Gruppe ; Migranten ; New York
    Language: Polish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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    Hamburg: Hamburgisches WeltWirtschaftsInstitut (HWWI)
    Publication Date: 2019-03-01
    Description: Unia Izb Łaby/Odry to związek 15 niemieckich, 6 polskich i 9 czeskich izb przemysłowo-handlowych, który za cel stawia sobie wspólne reprezentowanie interesów przedsiębiorstw z tego obszaru na szczeblu krajowym i europejskim. W roku 2010 na obszarach działalności poszczególnych Izb mieszkało 37 mln osób, co odpowiada 7,5 % ludności Unii Europejskiej (EU). Produkt krajowy brutto (PKB) Regionu wyniósł w 2008 roku 718 mld EUR, co stanowi 6 % PKB Unii Europejskiej.
    Description: The Elbe/Oder Chamber Union (KEO) is a consortium of German, Polish and Czech chambers of industry and commerce, which has set itself the goal of jointly representing the interests of companies in the region at a national and European level. In 2010, 37.6 million people lived in the represented region, representing a market share of 7.5% of the EU population. The gross domestic product of the KEO region in 2008 was 716.6 billion Euros, equal to 5.7% of the total EU GDP. Despite the overall strength of the region, there are pronounced differences within each member state which can be addressed and equalized through joint cooperation. Also, as both foreign and interregional trade is increasing in the KEO area, it is important that member states focus on their core competencies and, through doing so, work together towards an economically viable future. Many policy areas have been identified in order to strengthen the competitiveness of these regions, among them the development of research capabilities, the reduction of transaction costs for cross-border activities and the qualitative and quantitative improvement of the transport infrastructure are particularly relevant.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Wirtschaftslage ; Regionale Entwicklung ; Handelskammer ; Elbe ; Oder
    Language: Polish
    Type: doc-type:report
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    Warsaw: Center for Social and Economic Research (CASE)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-23
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Eurozone ; Europäisches Währungssystem ; Europäische Integration ; EU-Staaten
    Language: Polish
    Type: doc-type:conferenceObject
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  • 58
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    Warsaw: Center for Social and Economic Research (CASE)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-23
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Öffentliche Schulden ; Wirtschaftskrise ; Haushaltskonsolidierung ; Finanzpolitik ; Industrieländer ; Osteuropa
    Language: Polish
    Type: doc-type:conferenceObject
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  • 59
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    Warsaw: Center for Social and Economic Research (CASE)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-23
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Bankenregulierung ; Basler Akkord ; Bank ; Kreditgeschäft ; Polen
    Language: Polish
    Type: doc-type:conferenceObject
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    Warsaw: Center for Social and Economic Research (CASE)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-23
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Bank ; Internationale Bank ; Basler Akkord ; Bankenregulierung ; Polen ; Europa
    Language: Polish
    Type: doc-type:conferenceObject
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    Warsaw: Center for Social and Economic Research (CASE)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-23
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Bankenregulierung ; Bankenaufsicht ; Finanzsystem ; Geldpolitik ; Eurozone ; Polen ; EU-Staaten
    Language: Polish
    Type: doc-type:conferenceObject
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  • 62
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    Warsaw: Center for Social and Economic Research (CASE)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-23
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Energiewirtschaft ; Energiepolitik ; Energieversorgung ; Energiemarkt ; Erdgasgewinnung ; Polen
    Language: Polish
    Type: doc-type:conferenceObject
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    Białystok: Teatr Dramatyczny im. Aleksandra Węgierki w Białymstoku Fundacja Laboratorium Badań i Działań Społecznych „SocLab”
    Publication Date: 2016-08-26
    Description: "Celem diagnozy było: - przeprowadzenie badań dostarczających pełnej i rzetelnej wiedzy z zakresu potrzeb kulturalnych mieszkańców woj. podlaskiego; - wskazanie głównych barier uczestnictwa w kulturze wysokiej; - ilościowo-jakościowe określenie wizerunku instytucji kulturalnych, w tym Teatru Dramatycznego, i ocena ich działalności artystycznej; - zmierzenie poziomu kapitał kulturowego regionu na podstawie wskaźnika korzystania przez mieszkańców woj. podlaskiego z instytucji kulturalnych."
    Description: The purpose of diagnosis was: conduct studies that provide full and accurate knowledge of the cultural needs of the residents of Podlasie Voivodship; identify the main barriers to participation in high culture; quantitative and qualitative definition of cultural institutions image, including the Drama Theatre, and the evaluation of their artistic activity; measure the region's cultural capital by an index of cultural institutions use by residents of Podlasie Voivodship.
    Keywords: L38 ; A14 ; Z1 ; ddc:300 ; Podlasie Region ; Social Capital ; High Culture ; Cultural Capital ; Artists ; Cultural Institutions ; Culture ; Creativity ; Mass Culture ; Cultural Participation ; Cultural Policy ; Cultural Services ; G.01.03.02 Central-Eastern Europe ; N.06.02 Society and Social Change ; W.28 Cultural Industries ; N.08.03 Culture and the Arts ; N.06.04 Special Sociologies and Issues in the Social Sciences ; N.07 Psychology ; N.04.03.05 Cultural, Educational, and Science Policy
    Language: Polish
    Type: doc-type:report
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    Warsaw: University of Warsaw, Centre of Migration Research (CMR)
    Publication Date: 2016-05-13
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Polen (Personen) ; Auswanderung ; Freizügigkeit ; Mediale Berichterstattung ; Zeitschrift ; Polen
    Language: Polish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 65
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    Warsaw: University of Warsaw, Centre of Migration Research (CMR)
    Publication Date: 2016-05-13
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Flüchtlinge ; Asylrecht ; Migrationspolitik ; Polen
    Language: Polish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2016-06-06
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Language: English , Romanian
    Type: doc-type:report
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    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2016-06-06
    Description: The current financial and economic crisis has highlighted the inadequacy of existing institutional and policy arrangements at the EU level. Even before this crisis, the EU economic growth was low, by international standards, revealing deep structural problems across EU countries, especially in the Southern flank. Macroeconomic imbalances have been building up, exposing a stratified EU with divergences in productivity and competitiveness, with rigidity of labour markets, impeding efficient market responses to shocks. The Monetary Union does not have adequate institutional arrangements, which may help it manage a major crisis, such as that of a last-call borrower, depreciation and burden-sharing mechanisms of asymmetric shocks, etc; various sui generis formulas are now being tested. Fiscal reactions vary depending on the level of the debts and on the speed these accumulate; at the same time, these are linked to the size of the budgetary expenditure and fiscal revenues as percentage in the GDP. The sooner the growth picks up, the more acceptable is the downsizing of the certain expenditure and/or the rise of some taxes, so that the ratio between the public debt and the GDP stabilizes (reduces, when it is the case).
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Language: English , Romanian
    Type: doc-type:report
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