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  • EU-Staaten
  • Romanian  (6)
  • Spanish  (4)
  • 1
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    Unknown
    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: El inicio del nuevo siglo significó un sustancial aumento de los flujos de capitales desde Estados Unidos (USA) y área dólar hacia las economías emergentes, los países miembros de la Unión Europea (EU) y el mercado de commodities. La fuerte caída de la tasa de interés de referencia de la Reserva Federal y su acompañamiento por parte del Banco Central Europeo determinaron una caída en los rendimientos relativos de los bonos, generando un boom en los precios de las commodities, una caída en el costo de endeudamiento y una consistente revaluación de las respectivas monedas emergentes. El aumento del precio de las commodities determinó un aumento en valor y cantidad de las exportaciones de aquellos países productores de materias primas, la disminución del costo de endeudamiento y una tendencia a la revaluación de las monedas emergentes. Las fuertes expectativas de que la Reserva Federal de por finalizado el ciclo de tasas de interés bajas podría implicar una reversión en el flujo de capitales, dando por finalizado un período único e irrepetible de oportunidades para las economías emergentes. En este sentido es que de confirmarse la reversión en el flujo de capitales, las regiones en cuestión verán aumentados sus costos de endeudamiento, sus monedas devaluadas y una mejora en el saldo de sus cuentas corrientes con una disminución en sus saldos exportables por un deterioro de los precios internacionales.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Kapitalmobilität ; Geldpolitik ; Geldmarkt ; Korrelation ; Zentralbank ; Schwellenländer ; Lateinamerika ; USA ; EU-Staaten
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 2
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2016-06-04
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Freizügigkeit ; Rumänen ; Wirkungsanalyse ; EU-Staaten ; Rumänien
    Language: Romanian
    Type: doc-type:report
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  • 3
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2016-06-04
    Description: The aim of the study is to offer to decision-makers the necessary data regarding European policies of social inclusion for the Roma, with focus on the practices which have shown a positive impact in the fields of education, employment, housing and health, and to accompany the analysis with policy recommendations for a more efficient and effective action in promoting Roma inclusion. The second chapter, Social Inclusion Policies at the European Level: Mainstreaming versus Targeting offers a brief historical overview of the European policy framework within which social inclusion was conceptualised and its corresponding policies were articulated, along with preoccupations with the situation of the Roma, defined as a European minority subject to centuries-long discrimination. It reminds the reader the definition of „social inclusion” mentioned in European documents and connects the development of the concept and its corresponding social policies to the discourse on the risks of poverty and social exclusion, which can be found already in the 1984 documents of the Council of European Communities. The first part of the chapter presents the emergence and evolution of the Lisbon agenda (2000) and the Open Method of Coordination in the Domain of Social Policies (OMC) that became operational soon after, along with the main indicators aimed to measure the extent and depth of poverty and social exclusion in EU member states, i.e. the Laeken indicators and the currently employed AROPE indicator. It discusses the role of the European Platform against Poverty and Social Exclusion, launched in 2010 as part of the Europe 2020 strategy for smart, sustainable development that fosters social inclusion. The Platform aims to stand for a political commitment of EU member states to promote social innovation and more efficient use of European funds for the objectives of social inclusion. Recently, the European Commission also recommended adding a series of social indicators (i.e. the rate of long term unemployment and the neither-in-work-nor-in-education rate among the youth) in the monitorization of the European common market. [...]
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Soziale Integration ; Roma-Bevölkerung ; EU-Politik ; EU-Staaten
    Language: Romanian
    Type: doc-type:report
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  • 4
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2016-05-13
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; EU-Politik ; EU-Nachbarstaaten ; EU-Staaten ; Mittelmeerraum
    Language: Romanian
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 5
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2016-05-13
    Description: This paper examines the evolution of the EU's trade in services over the 2004-2008 period in comparison with its trade in goods. It aims to disentangle the main trends shaping the EU's services trade flows under the impact of increasing globalisation and the last two waves of EU enlargement. Relying on BoP trade statistics published by Eurostat and the WTO, it highlights the recent changes in the EU's services flows in terms of dynamics, composition, trade balance as well as patterns of specialisation and integration into the internal and global market. It also reveals the main trends prevailing in the evolution of extra and intra-EU trade flows, and their relevance for the process of economic integration within the EU. The purpose of the paper is to contribute to the discussion of the issues related to services trade in the EU since this topic is focusing to a far lesser extent the attention of current economic literature than trade in goods. Hence, our empirical investigation attempts to find the answers to the following questions: What is the significance of services trade flows for the EU as compared with trade in goods, and which is their role in the global economy? How relevant is trade in services from the perspective of European economic integration? What are the effects of the global financial and economic crisis on the EU's trade in services, and which are its future prospects? Following the answers to these questions, the paper is structured around five sections. The last one summarizes the main findings of the authors.
    Keywords: F14 ; F15 ; L80 ; O52 ; ddc:330 ; European Union ; trade in services ; trade in goods ; economic integration ; global financial and economic crisis ; Dienstleistungshandel ; Außenhandel mit Industriegütern ; Internationale Wirtschaft ; Finanzkrise ; Wirtschaftskrise ; Regionale Wirtschaftsintegration ; EU-Staaten
    Language: Romanian
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 6
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2016-05-13
    Description: This paper analyses the justifications and stages of the elaboration of impact studies at the European level, focusing on the various working methods, be it 'impact matrix' or the 'logic of intervention', which may be adopted by law-makers, in order to improve the regulation mechanisms in the public administration field and shape up new ways in which they could be used. Attention is paid to the role and the utility of impact assessment in elaborating public policies, as well as to the importance of properly using analysis instruments, with a focus on the obstacles and risks associated to the impact assessment process, by comparing different approaches and working methods, from the European and OECD area. Various evaluation patterns from OECD and the EU are presented, with their peculiarities and challenges involved by their implementation, leading to the conclusion that the European assessment pattern is still far away from providing a universal impact analysis model due to the lack of efficient sanctioning mechanisms. The credibility of an impact assessment largely depends on its results, which means they need to be based on correct and updated information, which is at the same time transparent and easy to access and understand. The role of impact assessment and, by extension, of impact studies is to allow lawmakers to check up whether the implementation of existing regulations observes the established indicators, as well as whether the policy in question had reached its objective.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Wirkungsanalyse ; Politik ; Politische Entscheidung ; Politische Willensbildung ; EU-Staaten
    Language: Romanian
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 7
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Bucharest: European Institute of Romania
    Publication Date: 2016-05-13
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Stadtentwicklung ; Rumänien ; EU-Regionalpolitik ; EU-Staaten
    Language: Romanian
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 8
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    Unknown
    Buenos Aires: Centro de Economía Internacional (CEI)
    Publication Date: 2015-04-20
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Handelsabkommen ; Freihandelszone ; Regionalökonomik ; MERCOSUR-Staaten ; Amerika ; EU-Staaten ; Argentinien
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:report
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  • 9
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    Unknown
    Buenos Aires: Centro de Economía Internacional (CEI)
    Publication Date: 2015-04-20
    Description: In May 2004 ten new members are incorporated to the European Union (EU) which, considered on the whole, represent a GDP which is four times greater than the Argentine GDP. With this expansion, the EU population will increase by 24%, its surface will increase by 28%, and the GDP will increase by only 5%. From the trade viewpoint, the expansion of the EU means a potential opportunity for the Argentine Republic as well as a tangible threat: having tariff preferences in a wider market once the Mercosur - European Union free trade agreement is entered into, and the possibility that the Argentine Republic is replaced as a supplier of the current EU (15 countries) by the new partners. In this analysis, it must be taken into account that the potential impact on trade will not be abrupt, since the expansion process of the EU took place gradually, and the new partners have had tariff preferences in the EU-15 for a long time. In fact, the European Agreements, signed at the beginning of the nineties, provided an institutional framework for the bilateral relationships between the countries of Central and Western Europe, and the EU which resulted in the free trade of industrial products, while, for the agricultural products, instead, the parties agreed upon a gradual liberalization.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; EU-Erweiterung ; Internationale Wirtschaftsbeziehungen ; Argentinien ; EU-Staaten
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:report
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  • 10
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Buenos Aires: Centro de Economía Internacional (CEI)
    Publication Date: 2020-02-13
    Description: Trade relations with the European Union are of critical importance to our country. Historically, and aside from economic cycles and trade agreements that may have geographically redirected trade flows, the Old World is one of Argentina's main trade partners, both in terms of the origin of our imports as well as in terms of the destination of our sales, which points to the high degree of complementarity existing between the production structures of both regions. To this should be added other political factors -such as the importance of the European bloc in the international scenario- and economic factors -such as the possible effect on other negotiation forum, such as FTAA or WTO- , which enhance even more the importance of a free trade agreement between Mercosur and the European Union. The concessions granted in a free trade agreement between two blocs may modify exchanges between the partners. On the one hand, obtaining tariff preferences tends to lead to an increase in exports towards the new partner; on the other hand, this may involve the loss of preferential access exclusivity for the older partners (in this case Mercosur partners), which means that sales to that destination face new competition which may partially or totally displace exports. This is what creates opportunities and threats for foreign trade, through changes in exports and imports, which in theoretical terms causes trade creation and trade diversion effects.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Internationale Wirtschaftsbeziehungen ; Argentinien ; EU-Staaten
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:report
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