Fabrication of a Room Temperature Ammonia Gas Sensor Based on Polyaniline With N-Doped Graphene Quantum Dots
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
In this paper, we have investigated a resistive ammonia (NH 3 ) gas sensor fabricated with a combination of polyaniline (PANI) as a conductive polymer and different weight percentages of nitrogen-doped graphene quantum dots (N-GQDs). We used two different metals of silver (Ag) and aluminium (Al) as electrodes to the sensing films. It has been found that Ag contact showed an ohmic behaviour and Al electrode exhibited a Schottky junction. This paper presented here shows that the sensor with Ag electrode has much higher response to NH 3 than that of the sensor with Al electrode. The sensor of (50wt%)N-GQDs/PANI with Ag contact exhibited the best response of 110.92 towards 1500 ppm NH 3 at room temperature. However, a much response of 86.91 was measured for the sensor with Al electrode. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy of the synthesized structure was investigated to analyze the differences between pure PANI and N-GQDs/PANI. Further, field emissions scanning electron microscopy was used to characterize sensing samples.
Electrical Engineering, Measurement and Control Technology