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  • ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg  (1,296)
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  • 1
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    Craiova: ASERS Publishing | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-02-13
    Description: The purpose of this note is to explore the problem of non-convex labor supply decision in an economy with reciprocity in labor relations ("gift exchange") a la Danthine and Kurmann (2010), and explicitly perform the aggregation presented in Vasilev (2017) without a formal proof, and thus provide - starting from micro-foundations - the derivation of the expected utility functions used for the aggregate household. We show how lotteries as in Rogerson (1988) can be used to convexify consumption sets, and aggregate over individual preferences. With a discrete labor supply decisions, the elasticity of aggregate labor supply increases from unity to infinity.
    Keywords: E1 ; J22 ; J41 ; ddc:330 ; Aggregation ; Indivisible Labor ; Reciprocity ; Non-convexities
    Language: English
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  • 2
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    Berlin: De Gruyter | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-04-30
    Description: This paper explores the e ffects of fi scal policy in an economy based on indirect taxes, and one that is constrained to taxing all (labor and capital) income at the same rate. The focus of the paper is on the relative importance of consumption vs. income taxation, as well as on the provision of utility-enhancing public services. To this end, a Real-Business-Cycle model, calibrated to Bulgarian data (1999-2014), was set up with a richer public finance side. Bulgarian economy was chosen as a case study due to its major dependence on consumption taxation as a source of tax revenue. To illustrate the e ffects of fiscal policy, two regimes were compared and contrasted to one another - exogenous vs. optimal (Ramsey) policy case. The main fi ndings from the computational experiments performed are: (i) The optimal steady-state (capital and labor income) tax rate is zero, as it is the most distortionary tax to use; (ii) The optimal steady-state consumption tax (the only source of revenue) has to almost double to finance the optimally-set level of government purchases.
    Keywords: D58 ; ddc:330 ; consumption tax ; income tax ; general equilibrium ; fiscal policy
    Language: English
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  • 3
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    Prague: Institute of Economic Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences, Charles University | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-04-30
    Description: This paper explores the effects of fiscal policy in the presence of a VAT evasion channel, and then compares and contrasts two regimes - the exogenous vs. optimal policy case. To this end, a dynamic general-equilibrium model, calibrated to Bulgarian data (1999-2014), is augmented with a government sector. The main findings from the computational experiments performed in the paper are: (i) The optimal steady-state income tax rate is zero; (ii) The benevolent Ramsey planner provides the optimal amount of the valuable public services, which are now three times lower; (iii) The size of the grey sector is twice lower; (iv) optimal steady-state consumption tax needed to finance the optimal level of government spending is twice lower, as compared to the exogenous policy case.
    Description: Forthcoming
    Keywords: D58 ; E26 ; H26 ; ddc:330 ; consumption tax ; income tax ; VAT evasion ; general equilibrium ; fiscal policy ; Bulgaria
    Language: English
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  • 4
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    Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-12-05
    Description: Worldwide legislation requires the presence of air filtration systems with detectors to monitor and control the release of radionuclides into the air in nuclear medicine centers. Dealing with radionuclides includes trapping the vapors and storing it for decay. However, these methods can involve considerable expense in infrastructure, manpower and monitoring. We present and describe a new method for the treatment of gaseous waste that is economically feasible. It focuses on diverting the radionuclides into the cyclotron bunker where they are allowed to decay by electron emission. After decaying, the radionuclides can be discharged to the environment through the normal ventilation system. This method complies with legislation and has the advantage of using the already existing resources in the radiopharmaceutical production facility.
    Keywords: Q52 ; Q53 ; Q59 ; ddc:330 ; Radioactive Waste ; Waste Management ; Positron Emission Tomography
    Language: English
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  • 5
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    London: Taylor & Francis | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-12-05
    Description: This paper seeks to explain why Hollywood’s dominant firms are narrowing the scope of creativity in the contemporary period (1980–2015). The largest distributors have sought to prevent the art of filmmaking and its related social relations from becoming financial risks in the pursuit of profit. Major filmed entertainment, my term for the six largest distributors, must discount expected future earnings to present prices with the forward-looking logic of capitalisation; and uncertainty about where creativity in cinema is going can produce financial uncertainty about the future earning potential of new film projects. Conversely, a degree of confidence in the expected future earnings of Hollywood cinema can increase when the art of filmmaking and broader social world of mass culture are ordered by capitalist power [Nitzan, J. and Bichler, S., 2009. Capital as power: a study of order and creorder. New York: Routledge]. For the period of 1980–2015, major filmed entertainment lowered its risk relative to the period before, 1960–79. This historical process of risk reduction is the effect of major filmed entertainment making the wide-release strategy (a.k.a., saturation booking) more predictable through an aggressive implementation of the blockbuster style and the high concept standard.
    Keywords: Z1 ; ddc:330 ; capitalisation ; creativity ; film distribution ; Hollywood ; risk
    Language: English
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  • 6
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    Springer International Publishing: Cham | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-09-18
    Description: The concept of consent is a central pillar of data protection. It features prominently in research, regulation, and public debates on the subject, in spite of the wide-ranging criticisms that have been levelled against it. In this paper, I refer to this as the consent paradox. I argue that consent continues to play a central role not despite but because the criticisms of it. I analyze the debate on consent in the scholarly literature in general, and among German data protection professionals in particular, showing that it is a focus on the informed individual that keeps the concept of consent in place. Critiques of consent based on the notion of “informedness” reinforce the centrality of consent rather than calling it into question. They allude to a market view that foregrounds individual choice. Yet, the idea of a data market obscures more fundamental objections to consent, namely the individual’s dependency on data controllers’ services that renders the assumption of free choice a fiction.
    Description: Akzeptierte Manuskriptfassung (postprint) / Accepted version (postprint)
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; commodification ; data protection ; discourse analysis ; informed consent ; information control ; power
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:bookPart
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  • 7
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    Abingdon: Taylor & Francis | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2019-03-13
    Description: Eingereichte Fassung (preprint) / Submitted version (preprint)
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Haiti ; natural disaster ; contagious disease ; epidemic ; humanitarian aid ; UNO
    Language: English
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  • 8
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    ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2020-02-04
    Description: This paper focuses on explaining the economic fluctuations in Bulgaria after the introduction of the currency board arrangement in 1997, the period of macroeconomic stability that ensued, the EU accession, and the episode of the recent global financial crisis. This paper follows Chari et al. (2002, 2007) and performs business cycle accounting (BCA) for Bulgaria during the period 1999-2014. As in Cavalcanti (2007), who studies the Portuguese business cycles, most of the volatility in output per capita in Bulgaria over the period is due to variations in the efficiency and labor wedges.
    Keywords: E32 ; E37 ; O47 ; ddc:330 ; Business Cycle accounting ; Bulgarian economy ; efficiency and labor wedges
    Language: English
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  • 9
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    ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2020-02-04
    Description: This paper estimates the contribution of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) to the Total Factor Productivity (TFP) of Bulgaria for the period 2004-2013. As predicted by theory, a positive relationship between TFP and FDI is documented. The standard Ramsey (optimal) growth model, augmented with the FDI channel is used to compare the speed of convergence to an identical setup without FDI. Convergence simulations prove that ignoring the implications of this model leads to a distorted view of the growth path of the economy. The results of the study can serve as justification for development of governmental strategies for attracting FDI inflows.
    Keywords: E13 ; E17 ; E22 ; O33 ; C63 ; ddc:330 ; simulation ; endogenous growth ; TFP ; FDI ; Bulgaria
    Language: English
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  • 10
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    Ankara: The Statistical, Economic and Social Research and Training Centre for Islamic Countries (SESRIC) | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2020-02-04
    Description: The Organization of Islamic Cooperation members had proposed the establishment of an Islamic Common Market among themselves in the early 1970s. This notion currently listed among the core objectives of the Organization and, to this end, the members adopted the TPS agreement in 1990. This study provides the first systematic and comprehensive evaluation of the TPS signatories’ potential to increase economic cooperation by applying five different trade indexes. The findings reveal different characteristics of the TPS countries and shed light on their potential for enhancing economic cooperation. In general, the results are in favor of the establishment of a Preferential Trade Agreement among the TPS signatories.
    Description: Forthcoming in September or December 2017 issue of the Journal of Economic Cooperation and Development (ISSN 1308-7800).
    Keywords: F10 ; F14 ; F13 ; F15 ; F40 ; F50 ; F53 ; ddc:330 ; Islamic Common Market ; Export potentials ; Trade Intensity Index ; Growth Orientation of Markets Index ; Trade Complementary Index ; Herfindahl-Hirschman Market Concentration index ; Herfindahl-Hirschman Product Concentration index ; Organization of Islamic Cooperation ; Trade Preferential System among the Member States of the OIC ; TPS-OIC
    Language: English
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  • 11
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2020-02-10
    Description: Prices that end with 9, also known as psychological price points, are common, comprising about 70% of the retail prices. They are also more rigid than other prices. We take advantage of a natural experiment to document an emergence of a new price ending that has the same effects as 9-endings. In January 2014, the Israeli government passed a new regulation prohibiting the use of non 0-ending prices, bringing an end to 9-ending prices. We find that seven months after 9-ending prices have disappeared, 90-ending prices acquired the same status as 9-ending prices had before the new regulation was adopted. Thus, 90-ending prices became the new psychological price points, partially eliminating the regulation’s intended effect.
    Keywords: E31 ; L16 ; K20 ; D40 ; D83 ; L81 ; M21 ; M31 ; ddc:330 ; 9-ending prices ; psychological price points ; price recall ; price perception ; sticky prices ; rigid prices ; price rigidity ; price flexibility ; price stickiness ; level effect ; left-digit effect ; image effect ; right-digit effect ; integer constraint ; price control ; price regulation
    Language: English
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  • 12
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: We compare dictator and impunity games. In impunity games, responders can reject offers but to no payoff consequence to proposers. Because proposers act under impunity, we should expect the same behavior across games, but experimentally observed behavior varies. Responders indeed exercise the rejection option. This threat psychologically influences proposers. Some proposers avoid rejection by offering nothing. Others raise offers, but only when they receive feedback from responders. Responders lose this influence in the absence of feedback.
    Description: This is the preprint of an article published in Economics Letters 141 (2016), pp. 119-121 available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.econlet.2016.02.020
    Keywords: C78 ; C92 ; ddc:330 ; Dictator ; Psychological influence ; Experiment ; Impunity ; Guilt
    Language: English
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  • 13
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    Berlin: Springer | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: Generous income support programs as provided by European welfare states have often been blamed to hamper employment. This paper investigates the importance of incentives inherent in the tax-benefit system for the individual decision to take up work. Using German microdata over the period 1993-2010, we find that recent reforms in Germany increased work incentives at the extensive margin measured by the participation tax rate (PTR), particularly for low-income individuals. Work incentives are even higher if the time horizon is extended to more than one year, pointing at an overestimation of the disincentives by standard measures. Regression analysis reveals that a decrease in the PTR increases the probability of taking up work significantly.
    Description: The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10797-016-9400-9
    Keywords: H24 ; H31 ; J22 ; J65 ; ddc:330 ; Labor force participation ; Work incentives ; Welfare ; Unemployment insurance ; Income taxation
    Language: English
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  • 14
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: A large share of the workforce throughout the developing world is self-employed, and this proportion has increased in recent decades. Assessments of this development vary, with pull factors such as high returns to capital contrasted with push factors such as barriers to more desirable salaried jobs. Using a long panel dataset from Ghana, we empirically investigate the changing structure of earnings in self-employment relative to salaried work. Our analysis allows workers to sort into self-employment for different reasons, including expected earnings differentials and endogenous capital accumulation whilst highlighting constraints that workers may face. We estimate a correlated random coefficient model using IV-GMM, taking into account the endogeneity of sector choice and capital accumulation. We find that returns to productive characteristics in self-employment have increased significantly between 2004 and 2011 whilst self-employment has attracted increasingly skilled workers. This points against the negative view of self-employment as an occupation of last resort.
    Description: This is the preprint of an article published in Journal of Development Economics 118 (2016), pp. 245-265, available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jdeveco.2015.07.010
    Keywords: O15 ; J24 ; J42 ; C14 ; ddc:330 ; elf-employment ; African labour markets ; semiparametric models ; comparative advantage ; segmentation ; Selbständige ; Arbeitsmarkt ; Entwicklungsländer ; Arbeitslosigkeit ; Ghana
    Language: English
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  • 15
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    Oxford: Oxford University Press | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: The actions by the European Central Bank (ECB) during the global and European crises have triggered a highly controversial debate, in particular in Germany, about the costs and benefits of the chosen policy path. The article reviews, compares, and evaluates the different arguments made in favor and against ECB policies around three key dimensions—the link of the policy path to price stability, financial stability, and economic policy. It argues that this debate is not only about the weighing of the benefits against the costs of monetary policy, but it is primarily about the question which mandate the ECB should pursue. This question remains unanswered.
    Description: This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in CESifo Economic Studies following peer review. The version of record Rules versus Human Beings, and the Mandate of the ECB / Marcel Fratzscher. In: CESifo Economic Studies 62 (2016), 1, p. 68-87 is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cesifo/ifv018
    Keywords: E50 ; E60 ; E58 ; ddc:330 ; mandate ; price stability ; financial stability ; European Central Bank ; Germany ; unconventional policies
    Language: English
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  • 16
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    Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: After the outbreak of the global financial crisis, some governments in the EU experienced serious fiscal problems, while others were less affected. This paper seeks to shed light on the divergent fiscal performance in the EU countries before and after the outbreak of the crisis. Fiscal reaction functions of the primary balance are estimated for different groups of EU countries using quarterly data for the pre-crisis period 2001-2008 and for the crisis period 2009-2014. The pre-crisis estimations reveal some differences in persistence and cyclical reaction between different groups of countries, but in most cases little feedback from the debt stock to the primary balance. The fiscal reaction functions of the countries that eventually developed fiscal problems do not stand out. The estimations on data from the crisis period show largely unchanged persistence and counter-cyclicality but much more feedback from the debt stock, and this applies both to the crisis countries and those less affected. In spite of large deficits and accumulation of debt, the underlying fiscal reaction has become more prudent after the outbreak of the European debt crisis.
    Description: The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10368-014-0309-4
    Keywords: E61 ; E62 ; H62 ; H63 ; ddc:330 ; Fiscal reaction function ; Global financial crisis ; Debt crisis ; Structural break
    Language: English
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  • 17
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    Oxford: Oxford University Press | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: Panel conditioning has posed one of the main challenges to panel studies since their inception in the social sciences. Aside from the risk of reactivity to previous interviews, there is reason to expect that cumulative survey experience increases the reliability of data emanating from panel studies relative to cross-sectional surveys. This positive aspect of recurrent interviewing for data quality has been given relatively little attention in the empirical research to date. Drawing on observational data from 30 waves of the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP), we study the effect of individual survey experience on reliability, focusing on person-fit statistics from item-response models. The analysis documents that four years of survey experience produce a higher increase in person reliability than tertiary education compared to primary education.
    Description: This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced version of an article accepted for publication in "The Public Opinion Quarterley" following peer review. The version of record "Using Person-Fit Measures to Assess the Impact of Panel Conditioning on Reliability / Martin Kroh, Florin Winter, Jürgen Schupp. In: The Public Opinion Quarterly. - 80 (2016), 4, S. 914-942 is available online at: https://doi.org/10.1093/poq/nfw025
    Keywords: ddc:330
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  • 18
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    Berlin: Springer | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: This paper examines the relevance of the Lucas critique for euro area money demand. Based on the money in the utility function approach, a vector error correction model is specified to investigate the relationship between money and inflation in times of policy shifts. A well defined equation for money demand is obtained. The results indicate that the evolution of M3 is still in line with money demand. In the long run, inflation is affected by asset prices and detrended output. Our results show that the Lucas critique can be refuted in case of euro area money demand for the period of quantitative easing. Thus, the estimated money demand equation provides reliable information for the conduct of future monetary policy.
    Description: The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10663-015-9289-z
    Keywords: C22 ; C52 ; E41 ; ddc:330 ; Lucas critique ; Money demand ; Superexogeneity
    Language: English
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  • 19
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    Berlin: Springer | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: Tax competition for capital has led to a trend where many countries levy lower taxes on interest income, often introducing differential taxation between interest and business income. This study analyzes the effect on firm debt usage. We exploit Germany's 2009 tax reform, which introduced a final withholding tax on interest income with a flat rate 18 percentage points below the unchanged tax rate on income from unincorporated businesses, as a quasi-experiment. The results, based on firm-level panel data, indicate that firms increase their leverage when the tax rate on interest income decreases, albeit to a small degree.
    Description: The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10797-015-9349-0.
    Keywords: H25 ; H24 ; G32 ; ddc:330 ; Income taxation ; Capital taxation ; Financial structure ; Leverage ; Matching
    Language: English
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  • 20
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    Oxford: Oxford University Press | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: Background. Excessive loss of muscle mass in advanced age is a major risk factor for decreased physical ability and falls. Physical activity and exercise training are typically recommended to maintain muscle mass and prevent weakness. How exercise in different stages of life relates to muscle mass, grip strength, and risk for weakness in later life is not well understood.Methods. Baseline data on 891 participants at least 60 years old from the Berlin Aging Study II (BASE-II) were analyzed. Linear and logistic regressions of self-reported exercise in early adulthood, old age, or both on appendicular lean mass (ALM), grip strength, and a risk indicator for weakness (ALM/ body mass index cutoff) were calculated. In addition, treatment bounds are analyzed to address potential confounding using a method proposed by Oster.Results. Analyses indicate that for men only, continuous exercise is significantly associated with higher muscle mass (SD = 0.24, p 〈 .001), grip strength (SD = 0.18, p 〈 .05), and lower risk for clinically relevant low muscle mass (odds ratio = 0.36, p 〈 .01). Exercise in early adulthood alone is not significantly associated with muscle mass or strength. No significant associations were observed for women.Conclusions. The results of the current study underscore the importance of health programs to promote physical activity with a focus on young adults, a group known to be affected from environmentally associated decline of physical activity, and to promote the continuation of physical exercise from early adulthood into later life in general.
    Description: This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Journals of Gerontology Series A following peer review. The version of record Exercise at Different Ages and Appendicular Lean Mass and Strength in Later Life : Results from the Berlin Aging Study II / Peter Eibich, Nikolaus Buchmann, Martin Kroh, Gert G. Wagner, Elisabeth Steinhagen-Thiessen, Ilja Demuth, Kristina Norman. In: Journals of Gerontology Series A 71 (2016), 4, S. 515-520 is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/gerona/glv171
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Appendicular lean mass ; Physical activity ; Sarcopenia ; Grip strength ; Age ; BASE II
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  • 21
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    Berlin: Springer | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: Nonparametric efficiency analysis has become a widely applied technique to support industrial benchmarking as well as a variety of incentive-based regulation policies. In practice such exercises are often plagued by incomplete knowledge about the correct specifications of inputs and outputs. Simar and Wilson (Commun Stat Simul Comput 30(1):159-184, 2001) and Schubert and Simar (J Prod Anal 36(1):55-69, 2011) propose restriction tests to support such specification decisions for cross-section data. However, the typical oligopolized market structure pertinent to regulation contexts often leads to low numbers of cross-section observations, rendering reliable estimation based on these tests practically unfeasible. This small-sample problem could often be avoided with the use of panel data, which would in any case require an extension of the cross-section restriction tests to handle panel data. In this paper we derive these tests. We prove the consistency of the proposed method and apply it to a sample of US natural gas transmission companies from 2003 through 2007. We find that the total quantity of natural gas delivered and natural gas delivered in peak periods measure essentially the same output. Therefore only one needs to be included. We also show that the length of mains as a measure of transportation service is non-redundant and therefore must be included.
    Description: The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11123-015-0461-z.
    Keywords: C15 ; L51 ; L95 ; ddc:330 ; Benchmarking models ; Network industries ; Nonparametric efficiency estimation ; Data envelopment analysis ; Testing restrictions ; Subsampling Bootstrap
    Language: English
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  • 22
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    Oxford: Oxford University Press | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: New archival evidence on housing rents in Berlin over 1909–1917 is presented. The data are extracted from newspaper announcements and georeferenced. Using hedonic regressions, quality-adjusted rent indices are constructed and employed to analyze the rental dynamics during World War I, when housing market experienced several shocks. The outbreak of the war led to an outflow of men from cities. Toward the end of the war, the construction freeze together with an inflow of workers and discharged soldiers resulted in a housing shortage. The analysis shows a rent decline (particularly for cheap dwellings) during the first half of the war, followed by a moderate increase. In 1917, given a dramatic overall price increase, real rents lost half of their value. Thus, regulatory policy did not emerge as a result of market failure, but rather the fear of rapid rent increases as a consequence of the supply stagnation despite growing housing demand.
    Description: This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced version of an article accepted for publication in European Review of Economic History following peer review. The version of record War, Housing Rents, and Free Market : A Case of Berlin's Rental Housing Market during World War I. Konstantin A. Kholodilin. In: European Review of Economic History. - 20 (2016), 3, S. 322-344 is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ereh/hew008
    Keywords: ddc:330
    Language: English
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  • 23
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    Cleveland: International Association for Energy Economics | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: Based on a review of the current state of the Carbon Capture, Transport and Storage (CCTS) technology, this paper analyzes the layout and costs of a potential CO2 infrastructure in Europe at the horizon of 2050. We apply the mixed-integer model CCTS-Mod to compute a CCTS infrastructure network for Europe, examining the effects of different CO2 price paths with different regional foci. Scenarios assuming low CO2 certificate prices lead to hardly any CCTS development in Europe. The iron and steel sector starts deployment once the CO2 certificate prices exceed 50 € /tCO2. The cement sector starts investing at a threshold of 75 € /tCO2, followed by the electricity sector when prices exceed 100 €/tCO2. The degree of CCTS deployment is found to be more sensitive to variable costs of CO2 capture than to investment costs. Additional revenues generated from utilizing CO2 for enhanced oil recovery (CO2-EOR) in the North Sea would lead to an earlier adoption of CCTS, independent of the CO2 certificate price; this case may become especially relevant for the UK, Norway and the Netherlands. However, scattered CCTS deployment increases unit cost of transport and storage infrastructure by 30% or more.
    Description: This is the preprint of an article published in Energy Journal , available online at: https://doi.org/10.5547/01956574.37.SI3.poei
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; CCS ; CCTS ; CO2 emissions ; Scenario analysis ; Infrastructure ; Modeling ; EOR
    Language: English
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    Washington D.C.: American Psychological Association | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-07-10
    Description: Well-being development at the end of life is often characterized by steep deteriorations, but individual differences in these terminal declines are substantial and not yet well understood. This study moved beyond typical consideration of health predictors and explored the role of social orientation and engagement. To do so, we used social variables at the behavioral level (self-ratings of social participation) and the motivational level (valuing social and family goals), assessed 2 to 4 years before death. We applied single- and multiphase growth models to up to 27-year annual longitudinal data from 2,910 now deceased participants of the nation-wide German Socio-Economic Panel Study (Mage at death = 74 years; SD = 14; 48% women). Results revealed that leading a socially active life and prioritizing social goals in late life were independently associated with higher late-life well-being, less pronounced late-life decline, and a later onset of terminal decline. Significant interaction effects suggested that the combination of (reduced) social participation and (lowered) social goals magnifies the effects of each other. Findings also indicated that less decline in social participation was associated with less severe rates and a later onset of well-being decline. We found little evidence that valuing family goals is associated with late-life trajectories of well-being. Associations were independent of key correlates of well-being and mortality, including age at death, gender, education, disability, hospital stays, and goals in other life domains. We discuss possible pathways by which maintaining social orientation into late life may help mitigate terminal decline in well-being.
    Description: This article may not exactly replicate the authoritative document published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record which can be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pag0000072
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; development ; successful aging ; life satisfaction ; social support ; German Socio-Economic Panel Study ; Alter ; Alternde Bevölkerung ; Lebenszufriedenheit ; Soziale Beziehungen ; Soziales Netzwerk ; Sterblichkeit
    Language: English
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  • 25
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    Washington, D.C.: American Association for the Advancement of Science | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here by permission of the AAAS for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Science 351 (2016), 6280, p. 1405-1406, http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.351.6280.1405-b
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Datenanalyse ; Wissenschaftliches Arbeiten
    Language: English
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  • 26
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    Washington D.C.: American Psychological Association | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: How sociocultural contexts shape individual functioning is of prime interest for psychological inquiry. Secular increases favoring later-born cohorts in fluid intelligence measures are widely documented for young adults. In the current study, we quantified such trends in old age using data from highly comparable participants living in a narrowly defined geographical area and examined whether these trends would generalize to quality-of-life indicators. To do so, we compared data obtained 20 years apart in the Berlin Aging Study (in 1990–1993) and the Berlin Aging Study II (in 2013–2014), applied a case-matched control design (per cohort, n = 161, Mage = 75), quantified sample selection using a nationally representative sample as the reference, and controlled for number of physical diseases. The later cohort performed better on the fluid intelligence measure (d = .85) and reported higher morale, less negative affect, and more positive affect (ds 〉 .39) than the earlier cohort. We concluded that secular advances have resulted in better cognitive performance and perceived quality of life among older adults and discuss when and how advantages of later cohorts reach their limits. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved)
    Description: This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal “Psychology and Aging”. It is not the copy of record. URL to the final published version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pag0000016
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Aging ; Cognitive Ability ; Quality of Life ; Sociocultural Factors ; Well Being ; Altersgruppe ; Lebensqualität ; Lebensverlauf ; Kognition
    Language: English
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  • 27
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    Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: The final version is available at PNAS Online: http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1424903112
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Lebenszufriedenheit ; Altersgruppe
    Language: English
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  • 28
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: DSM (demand-side management) merits increased attention by power system modelers. Numerical models should incorporate DSM constraints in a complete and consistent way. Otherwise, flawed DSM patterns and distorted conclusions on the system benefits of demand-side management are inevitable. Building on a model formulation put forward by Göransson et al. (2014), it is first suggested to include an additional constraint that resolves the problem of undue DSM recovery. Afterwards, an alternative model is introduced that does not impose a specific temporal structure on load shifts and thus increases the real-world applicability of DSM modeling. The formulation presented here, which is both concise and linear, could readily be included in a wide range of numerical models.
    Description: This is the accepted manuscript of an article published in Energy vol. 84 (2015), p. 840-845, available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2015.03.037
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Demand-side management ; Demand response ; Load shifting ; Energy modeling ; Energieökonomik ; Energieversorgung ; Elektrizitätswirtschaft ; Nachfrage
    Language: English
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  • 29
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: We analyze the impacts of future scenarios of electric vehicles (EVs) on the German power system, drawing on different assumptions on the charging mode. We find that the impact on the load duration curve strongly differs between charging modes. In a fully user-driven mode, charging largely occurs during daytime and in the evening, when power demand is already high. User-driven charging may thus have to be restricted because of generation adequacy concerns. In contrast, cost-driven charging is carried out during night-time and at times of high PV availability. Using a novel model formulation that allows for simulating intermediate charging modes, we show that even a slight relaxation of fully user-driven charging results in much smoother load profiles. Further, cost-driven EV charging strongly increases the utilization of hard coal and lignite plants in 2030, whereas additional power in the user-driven mode is predominantly generated from natural gas and hard coal. Specific CO2 emissions of EVs are substantially higher than those of the overall power system, and highest under cost-driven charging. Only in additional model runs, in which we link the introduction of EVs to a respective deployment of additional renewables, electric vehicles become largely CO2-neutral.
    Description: This is the preprint of an article published in Applied Energy vol. 156 (2015), p. 185-196, available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.07.012
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Electric vehicles ; Power system ; Dispatch model ; Renewable energy ; Energieökonomik ; Energieforschung ; Klimawandel ; Energieversorgung ; Schätzung ; Kohle ; Erneuerbare Ressourcen ; Deutschland ; Kraftfahrzeug
    Language: English
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  • 30
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    Berlin: Springer | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: The German potable water supply industry is regarded highly fragmented, thus preventing efficiency improvements that could happen through consolidation. Focusing on a hypothetical restructuring of the industry, we use a cross-section sample of 364 German water utilities in 2006, applying Data Envelopment Analysis, to analyze the potential efficiency gains from hypothetical mergers between water utilities at the county level. A conditional efficiency framework is applied to account for the water utilities' operating environments. A conditional order-m approach is applied for the detection of potential outlying observations. Merger gains are decomposed into a technical efficiency effect, a harmony effect and a scale effect. The greatest efficiency improvement potentials turn out to result from reducing individual inefficiencies while pure merger gains are found to be low. The results suggest improving incentives for efficient operations in water supply and a consolidation of the smallest water utilities.
    Description: The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11123-014-0407-x // This publication was produced as part of the GRASP project, funded by the European Commission through the 7th Framework Programme under contract no. 244725.
    Keywords: C14 ; L22 ; L25 ; L95 ; ddc:330 ; Water Supply ; Horizontal Integration ; Data Envelopment Analysis ; Conditional Efficiency ; Nonparametric Estimation
    Language: English
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    Milton Park, Abingdon: Taylor & Francis | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: This study analyses differences in individual-level working poverty determinants between Germany and the UK. These differences are linked to institutional patterns at the country level. Here, we observe that the two countries differ especially in bargaining centralisation, employment protection legislation and family policy. At the same time, the levels of decommodification and labour market regulation are no longer core differences in the institutional settings of Germany and the UK, which is interpreted as a consequence of Germany's departure from a traditional conservative regime since the mid-1990s. Adopting economic and sociological approaches, we explain how Germany's closed employment system channels the effects of deregulation policies to the periphery of the labour market. Additionally, we argue that open employment relationships that dominate in the UK put specifically older employees at risk. Finally, we identify country-specific differences in the economic dependency of women, resulting from a stronger male breadwinner orientation of family policy in Germany. Accordingly, multivariate analyses based on harmonised versions of the British Household Panel Study (2002–2005) and the Socio-Economic Panel Study (2003–2006) reveal that entrants and re-entrants to the labour market, women and – unexpectedly – low-educated persons are particularly affected by in-work poverty in Germany; whereas older workers are more likely to face precarious economic conditions in the UK.
    Description: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in European Societies 17 (2015), 1, p. 27-46, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/14616696.2014.968796
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; working poor ; poverty ; Germany ; UK ; deregulation ; centralisation ; family policy
    Language: English
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  • 32
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    London: Routledge | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: The scope of immigrants' transnational ties and the relationship to their social position is subject to a controversial debate that suggests a dualistic picture. On the one hand, globalization theorists argue that an elite of highly educated and economically most successful professionals intensively engages in and benefits from transnationality. On the other hand, most scholars in migration and assimilation studies hold that it is the most underprivileged immigrants who maintain strong ties across state borders, which in turn furthers their marginalization. Yet, to date, very little systematic research has been conducted into the nexus between social inequalities and transnationality. This paper aims to fill this gap. Using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP), we show that the economic, cultural and social forms of capital are related to transnationality in different ways, rather than reflecting one uniform pattern.
    Description: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Ethnic and Racial Studies vol. 38 (2015), iss. 9, p. 1497-1519, available online at http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/01419870.2015.1005639
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; migrants ; transnationality ; inequality ; Germany ; capital ; heterogeneity
    Language: English
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  • 33
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    Dordrecht: Springer | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: While most studies on wealth inequality focus on the inequality between households, this paper examines the distribution of wealth within couples. For this purpose, we make use of unique individual level micro data from the German socio-economic panel study. In married and cohabiting couples men's net worth, on average, is 33,000 euros higher than women's. We look at five different sets of factors (demographics, income, labor market, inheritances, financial decision-making in the partnership) that might explain this wealth gap. We find that all factors contribute to the explanation of the wealth gap within partnerships, with inheritances and income being particularly relevant. Furthermore, we find that specific characteristics (e.g., self-employment, no migration background, inheritances, high income) that decrease the wealth gap for women increase it for men. For men the respective coefficients are even stronger in absolute terms. When examining intra-partnership financial decision-making, we find the gap to be significantly smaller when the female partner manages the money and larger if the male partner has the last word in financial decisions.
    Description: The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11150-013-9229-2
    Keywords: J2 ; D13 ; D31 ; D69 ; I31 ; ddc:330 ; Wealth gap ; Wealth inequality ; Intra-household allocation ; Gender ; Financial decision-making ; SOEP
    Language: English
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  • 34
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    Oxford: Oxford University Press | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: In survey research, a consensus has grown regarding the effectiveness of incentives encouraging survey participation across different survey modes and target populations. Most of this research has been based on surveys from the United States, whereas few studies have provided evidence that these results can be generalized to other contexts. This paper is the first to present comprehensive information concerning the effects of incentives on response rates and nonresponse bias across large-scale surveys in Germany. The context could be viewed as a critical test for incentive effects because Germany’s population is among the most survey-critical in the world, with very low response rates. Our results suggest positive incentive effects on response rates and patterns of effects that are similar to those in previous research: The effect increased with the monetary value of the incentive; cash incentives affected response propensity more strongly than lottery tickets do; and prepaid incentives could be more cost effective than conditional incentives. We found mixed results for the effects of incentives on nonresponse bias. Regarding large-scale panel surveys, we could not unequivocally confirm that incentives increased response rates in later panel waves.
    Description: This is a pre‐copyedited, author‐produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in "Public Opinion Quarterly" following peer review. The version of record Are Incentive Effects on Response Rates and Nonresponse Bias in Large‐Scale, Face‐to‐Face Surveys Generalizable in Germany? Evidence from Ten Experiments / Klaus Pforr, Michael Blohm, Annelies G. Blom, Barbara Erdel, Barbara Felderer, Mathis Fräßdorf, Kristin Hajek, Susanne Helmschrott, Corinna Kleinert, Achim Koch, Ulrich Krieger, Martin Kroh, Silke Martin, Denise Saßenroth, Claudia Schmiedeberg, Eva‐Maria. In: Public Opinion Quarterly 79 (2015), 3, pp. 740‐768 is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/poq/nfv014
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Methodenforschung ; Interview ; Deutschland
    Language: English
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  • 35
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    Oxford: Oxford University Press | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: What happens in the occupational careers of men if the intergenerational continuity in status reproduction is disrupted by the failure to reproduce the parental level of educational attainment? We frame this failure as a risk for intergenerational status maintenance and ask whether such a risk induces extra effort by way of compensation. By studying eight birth cohorts born between 1919 and 1971 characterized by largely differing conditions with regard to educational and occupational opportunities, we examine how macro-social conditions contribute to opportunities to compensate for such failure later on. In examining this question, we add a new piece to the puzzle of how social origin and education contribute to status attainment and of how the social context shapes these linkages across historical time. We estimated multilevel growth curve models to assess the effect of educational downward mobility on the development of occupational status over the career. Our empirical results show that the status of men who experience educational downward mobility increases faster over the course of their careers. Moreover, these men reach a slightly higher status as compared to their peers who had reached at least the same educational level as their fathers. The prevailing macro-societal conditions did not cause variation in the effect of educational downward mobility on men’s career attainment.
    Description: This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in “European Sociological Review” following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version "Intergenerational Downward Mobility in Educational Attainment and Occupational Careers in West Germany in the Twentieth Century / Martin Diewald, Wiebke Schulz, Tina Baier. In: European Sociological Review 31 (2015), 2, 172-183" is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/esr/jcv010
    Keywords: ddc:330
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  • 36
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier Science | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: Despite numerous studies on skill development, we know little about the effects of extracurricular music activities on cognitive and non-cognitive skills. This study examines how music training during childhood and youth affects the development of cognitive skills, school grades, personality, time use and ambition using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP). Our findings suggest that adolescents with music training have better school grades, are more conscientious, open and ambitious. These effects are stronger among adolescents from lower socio-economic status. In order to address the non-random selection into playing music, we take into account detailed information on the child and its parents, which may determine both the decision to pursue music lessons and educational outcomes. While lacking truly exogenous variations in music activities, our results are robust to a large range of sensitivity tests. We thereby approach causality better than previous observational studies.
    Description: NOTICE: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Economics of Education Review. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Economics of Education Review 44 (2015), pp. 56-82 and is online available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.econedurev.2014.10.007.
    Keywords: I21 ; J24 ; Z11 ; ddc:330 ; Music ; Cognitive and non-cognitive skills ; Educational achievement ; SOEP ; Musik ; Bildungsertrag ; Panel ; Deutschland
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  • 37
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    Berlin: Springer | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: Adequate extension of electricity transmission networks is required for integrating fluctuating renewable energy sources, such as wind power, into electricity systems. We study the performance of different regulatory approaches for network expansion in the context of realistic demand patterns and fluctuating wind power. In particular, we are interested in the relative performance of a combined merchant-regulatory price-cap mechanism compared to a cost-based and a non-regulated approach. We include both an hourly time resolution and fluctuating wind power. This substantially increases the real-world applicability of results compared to previous analyses. We show that a combined merchant-regulatory regulation, which draws upon a cap over the two-part tariff of the transmission company, leads to welfare outcomes superior to the other modeled alternatives. This result proves to be robust over a range of different cases, including such with large amounts of fluctuating wind power. We also evaluate the outcomes of our detailed model using the extension plans resulting from a simplified model based on average levels of load and wind power. We show that this distorts the relative performance of the different regulatory approaches.
    Description: The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11149-014-9260-0
    Keywords: L50 ; L94 ; Q40 ; ddc:330 ; Electricity transmission ; Incentive regulation ; Renewable integration ; Europe ; Windenergie ; Elektrizität ; Regulierung
    Language: English
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  • 38
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    Berlin: Springer Verlag | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: The topic of rising income inequality does not only gain in relevance since the two prominent reports by the OECD (Growing unequal? Income Distribution and Poverty in OECD Countries, Paris 2008; Divided we stand—Why inequality keeps rising, Paris 2011) but rather since the financial crisis. So far there is only scarce empirical evidence–besides a rather broad literature dealing with the US–about the consequences of the financial crisis on income inequality in Europe (e.g. Jenkins et al. in The Great Recession and the distribution of household income, Oxford University Press, Oxford 2013) and more important about wealth inequality (Lundberg and Waldenström in Paper presented at the 4. SEEK conference, Mannheim 2014). In this paper we focus on the short-term distributional effects in Germany, as this country was one of the OECD countries which had been hit hardest—as measured by a decline in GDP—by the Great Recession in 2008/2009. The underlying data source comes from the German Socio Economic Panel which is a representative longitudinal survey of private households in Germany. This survey provides consistent yearly information about incomes since 1984 and for wealth in at least three survey years. Thus, we are able to identify any potential effects of the financial crisis on incomes (e.g. earnings, market income, post-government income) and wealth components (e.g. property, business assets, financial assets, net worth) and their respective inequality in Germany. Our main finding is that we do not find any significant distributional changes during the Great Recession. However, the Great Recession temporary froze the income structure while afterwards income mobility tries to make up leeway. Findings of a factor decomposition showed as expected that the relative contribution of capital income to overall inequality lost in relevance during the Great recession. Several factors attenuated the impact of the Great Recession and will be discussed in detail.
    Description: The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10663-015-9280-8
    Keywords: D31 ; I31 ; I32 ; ddc:330 ; income inequality ; wealth inequality ; financial crisis ; SOEP
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  • 39
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    Oxford: Oxford University Press | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: Economic policies rely on demographic projections. Yet in making these projections, researchers often ignore the aspect of household formation—despite sustained trends in many industrialized countries towards smaller household units with fewer members. Over the long term, this trend is likely to reduce the benefits of sharing goods/services within households (household economies of scale) at the micro-level, thereby increasing household-sector demand at the macro level. We propose a framework to (a) quantify the level of household economies of scale for different household types and (b) assess how the decline in average household size impacts aggregate household-sector demand. We apply the framework to energy consumption in Japan. The application indicates that household economies of scale in energy use are substantial and that the 5% decline in average household size in Japan between 2005 and 2010 led to an economy-wide loss in household economies of scale amounting to almost 4%.
    Description: This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Oxford Economic Papers following peer review. The version of record "The Decline in Average Family Size and Its Implications for the Average Benefits of Within-Household Sharing / Carsten Schröder, Katrin Rehdanz, Daiju Narita, Toshihiro Okubo. In: Oxford Economic Papers 67 (2015), 3, pp. 760-780" is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oep/gpv033
    Keywords: D11 ; J10 ; Q42 ; D12 ; ddc:330
    Language: English
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  • 40
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: This paper investigates the mechanisms behind the health effects of retirement. Using a Regression Discontinuity Design to exploit financial incentives in the German pension system for identification, I find that retirement improves subjective health status and mental health, while also reducing outpatient care utilization. I explore a wide range of health behaviors, time use, and effect heterogeneity as potential mechanisms. Relief from work-related stress and strain, increased sleep duration as well as more frequent physical exercise seem to be key mechanisms through which retirement affects health.
    Description: This is the preprint of an article published in Journal of Health Economics 43 (2015), pp. 1-12, available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhealeco.2015.05.001
    Keywords: I12 ; J14 ; J26 ; ddc:330 ; Retirement ; Health ; Regression Discontinuity Design ; Health behavior ; Healthcare ; Gesundheitsfürsorge ; Rentner ; Regression ; Methode
    Language: English
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  • 41
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    Abingdon: Routledge | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2019-03-13
    Description: In this article I analyse the ‘strategic action field’ evolving in five European countries around the inclusion of Muslims into military chaplaincy. I show that cross-national institutional differences in particular with regard to the state–religion relationship have an influence on the accommodation of Muslims in military chaplaincy: countries with a strong focus on equality in their state–religion relationship are the European forerunners in setting up a Muslim military chaplaincy, whereas countries whose state–religion relationship explicitly allows for the differential treatment of religious groups lag behind, in particular if Muslims are among the groups for whom official cooperation with the state is impossible since they have not acquired the requested legal status. At the same time, I show that organisation-specific arguments that push for religious accommodation and equal treatment in the military lead to a convergence of practices across the various European countries. Similar things are ‘at stake’ in the strategic action field that evolves around the inclusion of Muslims into military chaplaincy: the distribution of scarce chaplaincy posts; training and education of chaplains; security and control of religion; attracting new recruits; and assuring social cohesion, as well as being in line with principles of equality and religious liberty. France stands out in this comparison because it reached a high level of Muslim accommodation in military chaplaincy that stands in stark contrast with the limited accommodation of religion reached in state schools. An additional cross-national comparison shows that all European countries in the study differ fundamentally from the USA, where the distribution of chaplaincy posts is organised along a relatively easy market-based system that does not depend on the European institutionalisation of faith-specific military chaplaincies.
    Description: Eingereichte Fassung (preprint) / Submitted version (preprint)
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; military chaplaincy ; religious accommodation ; Islam ; organisational change ; international comparison
    Language: English
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  • 42
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: This paper exploits rich SOEP microdata to analyze state-level variation in health care utilization in Germany. Unlike most studies in the field of the Small Area Variation (SAV) literature, our approach allows us to net out a large array of individual-level and state-level factors that may contribute to the geographic variation in health care utilization. The raw data suggest that state-level hospitalization rates vary from 65 to 165 percent of the national mean. Ambulatory doctor visits range from 90 to 120 percent of the national mean. Interestingly, in the former GDR states, doctor visit rates are significantly below the national mean, while hospitalization rates lie above the national mean. The significant state-level differences vanish once we control for individual-level socio-economic characteristics, the respondents¿ health status, their health behavior as well as supply-side state-level factors.
    Description: NOTICE: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Health Policy. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Health Policy 114 (2013), 1, pp. 41-53 and is online available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.healthpol.2013.04.015.
    Keywords: I11 ; I12 ; I14 ; I18 ; ddc:330 ; Small Area Variation ; Health care utilization ; SOEP ; Gesundheitswesen ; Bundesrepublik Deutschland
    Language: English
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  • 43
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: While some scholars interpret the frequently documented association between age and the strength of party identification as evidence of accumulated political learning, others stress the importance of critical life stages. Germany's turbulent last century, with its suspensions of democratic processes, provides the unique opportunity to empirically disentangle both effects and to also study the consequences of early experiences of autocratic regimes on later growth rates in partisan strength. Random growth curve models based on multi-cohort panel data emanating from the German Socio-Economic Panel show that the growth trajectory in the strength of party identification largely depends on the number of electoral experiences. Moreover, the analysis documents few differences in growth rates between individuals socialized in democratic versus autocratic regimes.
    Description: NOTICE: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Electoral Studies. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Electoral Studies ; 33 (2014), pp. 90-101 and is online available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.electstud.2013.06.013.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Growth curve models ; Strength of party identification ; Life-cycle ; Germany ; Political socialization ; Democratization ; Politische Partei ; Statistische Methode ; Deutschland ; Soziale Gruppe
    Language: English
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  • 44
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    Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: This paper estimates the effect of involuntary job loss on smoking behaviour and body weight using German SOEP data. Baseline non-smokers are more likely to start smoking due to job loss, while smokers do not intensify smoking. In particular, single individuals and those with lower health or socioeconomic status prior to job loss exhibit high rates of smoking initiation. Job loss increases body weight slightly, but significantly. The applied regression-adjusted semiparametric difference-in-difference matching strategy is robust against selection on observables and time-invariant unobservables. This paper provides an indirect test that the identifying assumption is not violated.
    Description: This is an electronic version of an Article published in Economica 81 (2014), 324, S. 626-648 at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ecca.12095
    Keywords: I12 ; J65 ; ddc:330 ; Job loss ; smoking ; health behavior ; difference-in-difference ; propensity score matching ; Arbeit ; Arbeitslosigkeit ; Rauchen ; Gesundheit
    Language: English
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  • 45
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    Heidelberg: Springer | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: This paper is the first to analyze the impact of family background on permanent earnings based on sibling correlations in Germany and to provide a cross-country comparison of Germany, Denmark, and USA. The main findings are that family and community background has a stronger influence on permanent earnings in Germany than in Denmark, and a comparable influence is found in USA. This holds true for both male and female siblings. A deeper analysis of Germany shows that family background also plays an important role in explaining variations in family income, wages, education, and risk attitudes.
    Description: The final publication is available at www.springerlink.com: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00148-013-0468-6
    Keywords: D1 ; D3 ; J62 ; ddc:330 ; Sibling correlations ; Intergenerational mobility ; REML ; Germany ; SOEP ; Soziale Beziehungen ; Soziale Gruppe ; Soziales Netzwerk ; Zufriedenheit ; Einkommen ; Lohn ; Familie ; Vergleich ; Dänemark ; Deutschland ; USA
    Language: English
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  • 46
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: Abstract In light of the recent interest in using longitudinal panel data to study personality development, it is important to know if personality traits are related to panel attrition. We analyse the effects of personality on panel drop-out separately for an ‘older’ subsample (started in 1984), a relatively ‘young’ subsample (started in 2000), and a ‘new’ subsample (started in 2009) of the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) study. We found that openness slightly decreases the probability of panel drop-out in all three samples. For the ‘older’ subsample only, we found a small negative effect of agreeableness on panel drop-out. We control for age, sex, education, migration background, and the number of inhabitants in the region of the respondents.
    Description: NOTICE: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in the Journal of Research in Personality. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in the Journal of Research in Personality, 53 (2014), pp. 31-35 and is online available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2014.08.001.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Personality ; Panel attrition ; German Socio-Economic Panel Study
    Language: English
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  • 47
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    Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: Background: Effort-reward imbalance (ERI) is an established conceptualisation of work stress. Although a validated effort-reward questionnaire is available for public use, many epidemiological studies adopt shortened scales and proxy measures. To examine the agreement between different abbreviated measures and the original instrument, we compared different versions of the effort-reward scales available in 15 European cohort studies participating in the IPD-Work (Individual-participant-data meta-analysis in working populations) consortium. Methods: Five of the 15 studies provide information on the original (‘complete’) scales measuring ‘effort’ and ‘reward’, whereas the 10 remaining studies used ‘partial’ scales. To compare different versions of the ERI scales, we analyse individual-level data from 31,790 participants from the five studies with complete scales. Results: Pearson’s correlation between partial and complete scales was very high in case of ‘effort’ (where 2 out of 3 items were used) and very high or high in case of ‘reward’, if at least 4 items (out of 7) were included. Reward scales composed of 3 items revealed good to satisfactory agreement, and in one case, a reward scale consisting of 2 items only demonstrated a modest, but still acceptable degree of agreement. Sensitivity and specificity of a composite measure, the ratio of effort and reward, comparing partial versus complete scales ranged between 59–93 and 85–99 %, respectively. Complete and partial scales were strongly associated with poor self-rated health. Conclusion: Our results support the notion that short proxy measures or partial versions of the original scales can be used to assess effort-reward imbalance.
    Description: The final publication is available at www.springerlink.com: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00420-013-0855-z
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Effort-reward imbalance ; Work stress ; IPD-Work ; Abbreviated measures ; European cohort studies ; Stress ; Statistische Methode
    Language: English
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  • 48
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: The increasing utilization of renewable energy sources (RES) is a major energy policy strategy in many countries worldwide. Germany is a forerunner in the deployment of RES and has ambitious goals for the future. The support and use of renewables affects the economy: It creates business opportunities in sectors producing renewable energy facilities, but comes with costs related to supporting its deployment. This paper analyses and quantifies the net balance of economic effects associated with renewable energy deployment in Germany until 2030. To this end, we use a novel model, the ‘Sectoral Energy-Economic Econometric Model’. This is an econometric multi-country model which, for Germany, contains a detailed representation of industries, including 14 renewable energy technology sectors. Our results show that renewable energy expansion can be achieved without compromising growth or employment. The analysis reveals a positive net effect on economic growth in Germany. Net employment effects are small, but also positive. Their size depends strongly on labour market conditions and policies. Results at the industry level indicate the size and direction of the need for restructuring across the sectors of the Germany economy.
    Description: This is the preprint of an article published in Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 40 (2014), pp. 1070-1080, available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2014.07.134
    Keywords: Q43 ; Q52 ; C5 ; ddc:330 ; Renewable energy ; Net economic effects ; Germany ; Energieversorgung ; Erneuerbare Ressourcen ; Deutschland
    Language: English
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  • 49
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: I examine the effects of increasing amounts of fluctuating renewable energy on residual load, which is defined as the difference between actual power demand and the feed-in of non-dispatchable and inflexible generators. I draw on policy-relevant scenarios for Germany and make use of extensive sensitivity analyses. Whereas yearly renewable surplus energy is low in most scenarios analyzed, peak surplus power can become very high. Decreasing thermal must-run requirements and increasing biomass flexibility substantially reduce surpluses. I use an optimization model to determine the storage capacities required for taking up renewable surpluses. Allowing curtailment of 1% of the yearly feed-in of non-dispatchable renewables would render storage investments largely obsolete until 2032 under the assumption of a flexible power system. Further restrictions of curtailment as well as lower system flexibility strongly increase storage requirements. By 2050, at least 10 GW of storage are required for surplus integration, of which a sizeable share is seasonal storage. Results suggest that policy makers should work toward avoiding surplus generation, in particular by decreasing the must-run of thermal generators. Concerns about surpluses should not be regarded as an obstacle to further renewable expansion. The findings are also relevant for other countries that shift toward fluctuating renewables.
    Description: This is the preprint of an article published in Energy Policy 73 (2014), pp. 65-79, available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2014.05.032
    Keywords: Q42 ; Q47 ; Q48 ; ddc:330 ; Renewable energy ; Residual load ; Storage ; Erneuerbare Ressourcen ; Deutschland
    Language: English
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  • 50
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    Abingdon: Taylor & Francis | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: Early literacy and numeracy activities in family and preschool are considered important for promoting children’s early literacy and numeracy skills. However, little research exists, especially in Germany, on the frequency of such activities in different contexts. The current study identified patterns of literacy and numeracy activities in preschools and their relation to structural preschool characteristics and to attributes of the home learning environment. Four hundred twenty-one children attending 89 preschool classes in two German federal states were examined. The results indicate that preschools fall into three different profiles of literacy and numeracy activities: low levels of engagement in both domains, numeracy-oriented engagement and literacy-oriented engagement. Additionally, structural characteristics of the preschools, family literacy and numeracy activities were found to predict children’s profile membership. The study’s implications for future research and early education are discussed.
    Description: This is an Author's Accepted Manuscript of an article published in Research Papers in Education 29 (2014), 5, p. 577-597, available online at: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/02671522.2013.792865
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; preschool engagement ; literacy ; numeracy ; home learning environment
    Language: English
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  • 51
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    Oxford: Oxford University Press | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: Taking a cross-national comparative perspective, this study analyses differences in individual determinants of the low-wage risk across institutional settings. It builds on previous research that dealt with the impact of labour market reform measures on the distribution of labour market risks in advanced economies. It is widely held that such reforms have a particularly adverse effect on labour market outsiders, specifically on entrants to the labour market. We seek to differentiate this assumption and to show that this presumed effect is conditional on the configuration of the bargaining system. Using hierarchical models that match EU Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) microdata with several macro indicators for 20 countries, we find that, in contexts with a high degree of bargaining centralization, the relative low-wage risk of entrants and re-entrants from inactivity increases with commodification and deregulation. If bargaining is decentralized, however, the effects of labour market reform policies on insider/outsider disparities are marginal. Additionally, we show that the same still holds true if a measure of employment protection legislation (EPL) is regarded as the moderating institutional filter. We explain these findings with theoretical concerns based on the concept of closure. These predict that centralized bargaining structures and high EPL (or, rather, closed employment relationships) will systematically channel risks produced by reform measures to the periphery of the labour market.
    Description: This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in European Sociological Review following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version The Impact of Labour Market Reform Policies on Insiders' and Outsiders' Low-Wage Risk / Marco Giesselmann. In: European Sociological Review 30 (2014), 5, p. 549-561 is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/esr/jcu053
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Arbeitsmarktpolitik ; Lohn ; Gehalt ; Niedriglohn
    Language: English
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  • 52
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    Hoboken: Wiley | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-02-16
    Description: This article provides a deeper theoretical understanding of the linkages between land fragmentation and off-farm labor supply in China, and investigates this relationship empirically in a more direct way than does the existing literature. Drawing upon a rural household panel data set collected in Zhejiang, Hubei, and Yunnan Provinces from 1995 to 2002, we estimate the effects in two steps. First, we estimate the effect of land fragmentation on labor productivity. Second, we estimate the effect of land fragmentation on off-farm labor supply. The production function results show that land fragmentation indeed leads to lower agricultural labor productivity, implying that land consolidation will make on-farm work more attractive and thus decrease off-farm labor supply. However, the effect of land consolidation on off-farm labor supply is not significant. One likely explanation for this result may be the potentially imperfect labor markets.
    Keywords: J22 ; Q15 ; Q24 ; R23 ; ddc:330 ; Land fragmentation ; Off-farm ; Labor supply ; China
    Language: English
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  • 53
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: We analyzed whether individuals reared in institutions differ in their general life satisfaction from people raised in their families. The data comprised of 19,210 German adults (51.5% female) aged from 17 to 101 years and were provided by the SOEP, an ongoing, nationally representative longitudinal study in Germany. Compared to people raised in families, individuals reared in institutions reported lower general life satisfaction in the manner of a dose response relationship controlling their parents’ education and occupational prestige. The association was moderated by participants’ age such that with increasing age the association between institutional rearing and lower general life satisfaction decreased. Further, the relationship was partly mediated by the individuals own education/socio-economic attainment in adulthood, physical health, and relationship status.
    Description: NOTICE: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in the Journal of Research in Personality. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in the Journal of Research in Personality 48 (2014), pp. 93-97 and is online available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2013.11.001
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Life satisfaction ; Set point theory ; Early adversity ; Institutional Rearing ; Zufriedenheit ; Kinder ; Erwachsene
    Language: English
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  • 54
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    Washington D.C.: American Psychological Association | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: Recent research has repeatedly demonstrated that well-being typically evinces precipitous deterioration close to the end of life. However, the determinants of individual differences in these terminal declines are not well understood. In this study, we examine the role of perceived personal control as a potential buffer against steep terminal declines in well-being. We applied single- and multiphase growth models to up to 25-year longitudinal data from 1,641 now-deceased participants of the national German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP; age at death: M = 74 years; SD = 14; 49% women). Results revealed that perceiving more personal control over one’s life was related to subsequently higher late-life well-being, less severe rates of late-life declines, and a later onset of terminal decline. Associations were independent of key predictors of mortality, including age, gender, SES, and disability. These findings suggest that feeling in control may ameliorate steep end-of-life decline in well-being. We also discuss scenarios for when and how processes of goal disengagement and giving up control may become beneficial.
    Description: This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal “Psychology and Aging” at http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0037227. It is not the copy of record.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Successful aging ; differential aging ; control perceptions ; control strivings ; multiphase growth model ; mortality ; German Socio-Economic Panel Study ; SOEP ; Zufriedenheit ; Alte Menschen ; Panelforschung
    Language: English
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  • 55
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2018-01-25
    Description: This paper uses Hierarchical Bayes Models to model and estimate spatial health effects in Germany. We combine rich individual-level household panel data from the German SOEP with administrative county-level data to estimate spatial county-level health dependencies. As dependent variable we use the generic, continuous, and quasi-objective SF12 health measure. We find strong and highly significant spatial dependencies and clusters. The strong and systematic county-level impact is equivalent to 0.35 standard deviations in health. Even 20 years after German reunification, we detect a clear spatial East–West health pattern that equals an age impact on health of up to 5 life years for a 40-year old.
    Description: NOTICE: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in "Regional Sciences & Urban Economics". Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Regional Science & Urban Economics 49 (2014), pp.305-320 and is online available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.regsciurbeco.2014.06.005.
    Keywords: C21 ; C11 ; I12 ; I14 ; I18 ; ddc:330 ; Spatial health effects ; Hierarchical Bayes Models ; Germany ; SOEP ; SF12 ; Gesundheitspolitik ; Gesundheitswesen ; Statistische Methode ; Panel
    Language: English
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  • 56
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2019-03-15
    Description: This paper presents evidence on the impact of individual as well as regional characteristics on the dynamics of fat, protein, alcohol and cigarette consumption, and on the diversity of the diet in Russia between 1994 and 2005. All those aspects of nutritional behavior are important inputs to the production of health. A dynamic panel data model is used to estimate demand functions for fat, protein, alcohol, cigarettes and diversity of the diet. The results suggest the existence of strong habits in drinking and smoking, and the absence of habits in fat and protein consumption. We also found evidence of habit formation for food diversity. Comparing nutritional behavior of younger and older consumers, we find significant differences in the demand for fat and cigarettes. Older consumers seem to be more persistent in their drinking and smoking behavior. Similarly, men show higher habit persistence for alcohol and cigarette consumption. The results also suggest that among individual determinants, especially education, income and employment have statistically significant impacts on consumption behavior. Regarding the macroeconomic variables, economic growth is negatively related to protein consumption, while regional unemployment rate is negatively affecting the demand for protein and food diversity. Finally, Russian consumers react to the price changes of alcohol, cigarettes, fat and protein as suggested by theory. Consumer demand for food diversity responds negatively to price changes of alcohol and cigarettes, but positively to the price of fat.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Food consumption ; Diet diversity ; Smoking ; Alcohol ; Health ; Economic transition ; Russia
    Language: English
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  • 57
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    Heidelberg: Springer | ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft Kiel, Hamburg
    Publication Date: 2019-10-04
    Description: This paper studies the relationships between annual and subannual inequality and mobility during the course of the year. We apply an exact decomposition framework as outlined in Wodon and Yitzhaki (Econ Bull 4:1–8, 2003), and in Yitzhaki and Wodon (Research on Economic Inequality 12:179–199, 2004). Earnings records of pension insurants in Germany serve as the database. The long time horizon of our database allows us to investigate the stability and robustness of the parameters of the decomposition over time. Specifically, we show that the mobility component of the decomposition, as measured by Gini correlation coefficients, changes over the observation period. This makes it difficult to predict the impact of the income accounting period on inequality in a more general context. Thus, it is of paramount importance to use income data from a uniform accounting period in distributional analyses.
    Description: The final publication is available at www.springerlink.com: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10888-013-9260-9
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Accounting period ; Time structure of earnings ; Gini decomposition ; Inequality ; Mobility ; Re-ranking ; Einkommensverteilung ; Lebenseinkommen ;