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  • J31  (25)
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Biochemistry and Biotechnology
  • Deutschland
  • Spanish  (31)
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  • 1
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2020-02-21
    Description: This paper studies the evolution of skill premia and its relationship with the productive structure for sixteen countries in Latin America, using microdata from household surveys and information from National Accounts for the period 1991-2015. The evidence suggests that the change in the productive structure is significantly correlated to the dynamics of wage inequality. In particular, when the share in total value added of sectors that are more intensive in high-skilled labor grows, the skill premium increases significantly.
    Keywords: D31 ; I26 ; J21 ; J31 ; ddc:330
    Language: Spanish
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  • 2
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2020-02-21
    Description: This working paper explores the effect of joint labor decisions on the study of wage regression models. The estimation of Mincer equations suffers from numerous sources of bias, including the sample selection problem generated by the fact that the agent decision to work is not independent of the wage. Most of the papers corrects this bias using a model of individual labor participation. However, recent trends in the labor market show greater participation of women in the labor force and seem to indicate that the joint decision of the spouses is increasingly relevant in determining the selection mechanism. A bivariate version of Heckman's method appears as an interesting alternative to solve this problem. Although the estimates are in line with the previous literature, the results indicate that the joint decision of the couple is a relevant factor in the selection bias.
    Keywords: C51 ; D13 ; E24 ; J31 ; ddc:330 ; wages ; joint labor decisions ; selection bias ; Heckman's method
    Language: Spanish
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  • 3
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2020-02-21
    Description: This paper explores the changes in income poverty in Argentina during the period 2003-2015 using various decomposition methodologies. The results suggest that the generalized improvement in the labor market after the crisis was the main factor behind the sharp fall in poverty in the period 2003-2007. In contrast, the reduction of poverty between 2007 and 2011 is associated with the most active role played by social policy. Finally, during the period 2011-2015, no factor could contribute significantly to the reduction of poverty.
    Keywords: C15 ; D31 ; D33 ; I32 ; J31 ; ddc:330
    Language: Spanish
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  • 4
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    Washington, DC: Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)
    Publication Date: 2019-12-06
    Keywords: J01 ; J24 ; J31 ; J61 ; J62 ; ddc:330
    Language: Spanish
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  • 5
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    La Paz: Universidad Católica Boliviana, Instituto de Investigaciones Socio-Económicas (IISEC)
    Publication Date: 2019-09-24
    Description: At the beginning of the 21st century, Bolivia presented improvements in the indicators of poverty and monetary inequality following the trend of Latin America. The analysis of the evolution of the Unsatisfied Basic Needs Index (NBI) also shows a positive trend. However, significant differences still persist by geographic area - urban and rural - and between departments. The period between 2004 and 2014 was characterized by an exceptional economic bonanza, mainly due to the increase in demand and international prices of raw materials. As of 2014, the fall in the price of tin, hydrocarbons and other raw materials marked the slowdown in the expansive cycle of the international economy and the prices of raw materials and the beginning of a cycle of economic retraction in the region. Considering the historical dependence of the regional economy on the boom and collapse of the prices of natural resources and, consequently, on the negative economic and social effects caused by a strong volatility of our markets, the following questions are imposed: What were the most important factors for the improvement of social indicators in the period of economic boom?, and what policies are needed to sustain the improvement of social indicators and continue to expand the well-being of the Bolivian population? The objective of the document is to present the social advances and the persistent problems to achieve the social well-being of all Bolivians based on the latest available official indicators and secondary studies, and explanations about the factors that affected the social improvements. The document offers a synthesis of the main challenges that the country still faces.
    Keywords: I31 ; I32 ; I38 ; I24 ; J21 ; J31 ; ddc:330 ; Poverty ; Inequality ; Social protection system ; employment ; income and salaries ; social policies
    Language: Spanish
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  • 6
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad de Buenos Aires, Centro de Estudios sobre Población, Empleo y Desarrollo (CEPED)
    Publication Date: 2020-02-20
    Description: En el marco de las bases 1993 y 2004 de las Cuentas Nacionales, la información oficial disponible correspondiente a la masa salarial y sus componentes según sector y calidad del vínculo laboral cubre el lapso temporal 1993-2007, en el caso de la base 1993, y los años 2016 y 2017, para la base 2004. A ello se suma el dato del año base (2004), que en la actualidad no se encuentra disponible, pero que fue publicado en el marco del proceso de revisión general de las estadísticas públicas iniciado hacia fines de 2015. En consecuencia, no se dispone de la información correspondiente a la masa salarial y sus componentes según sector y calidad del vínculo laboral para el lapso 2008-2015, así como tampoco de una serie continua de tales variables para el lapso abarcado por los dos últimos años base de las cuentas nacionales. En este contexto, en el presente documento presentamos una estimación propia de la referida información para el lapso 2005-2015 en el marco de la base 2004 y, a partir de allí, una propuesta de empalme con la información correspondiente a la base 1993, de modo de completar el lapso 1993-2017.
    Description: Within the 1993 and 2004 bases of the National Accounts, the available official information corresponding to the compensation of employees and its components according to sector and quality of the employment relationship covers the time period 1993-2007, in the case of the 1993 base, and the time period 2016-2017, for the base 2004. To this is added the data for the 2004 (base year), which is currently not available, but which was published within the framework of the general review process of public statistics, towards the end of 2015. Consequently, the information corresponding to the compensation of employees and its components according to sector and quality of the employment relationship for the period 2008-2015 is not available, nor is there a continuous series of such variables for the period covered between the last two bases of the national accounts. In this context, in this document we present our own estimate of the aforementioned information for the period 2005-2015 within the framework of the 2004 base and, from there, a proposal to chain with the information corresponding to 1993 base year, as a way to complete the 1993-2017 period.
    Keywords: C82 ; E01 ; J31 ; ddc:330 ; Compensation of employees ; Jobholders ; Wages
    Language: Spanish
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  • 7
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2020-02-21
    Description: In 1995 the peruvian's university system was reformed, the requirements for the entry of new universities were relaxed, the result of this reform was an relevant increases in the number of universities (around218%between1996and2017). The reform caused a significant proportion of workers, especially those born after 1980 to pursue higher education, which in the absence of the reform would they not have been able to access to the university system. Differences in the exposure to the reform in terms of the workers' year of birth, allow me to recover positive causal effects of higher education on wages and labor conditions, mainly a lower probability of labor informality.
    Keywords: I23 ; I26 ; J31 ; J81 ; C6 ; ddc:330 ; Higher education ; instrumental variables ; wage premium ; labor informality
    Language: Spanish
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  • 8
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2020-02-21
    Description: This paper presents empirical evidence of the effect of collective bargaining and unions on wages and its dispersion in Argentina.To this end,we use a recent and novel household survey and the decompositions method. Our results show that collective agreement coverage increases wages mainly in the lower quantiles.In this way,it reduces the log wage variance by impacting in the left tail of the distribution. Additionally,the alternative measure of union membership presents results in the same direction.
    Keywords: J31 ; J51 ; C21 ; C14 ; ddc:330
    Language: Spanish
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  • 9
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2017-05-19
    Keywords: D31 ; J31 ; J38 ; ddc:330 ; Distribución del ingreso ; Desigualdad ; Salario mínimo ; Argentina
    Language: Spanish
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  • 10
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    La Paz: Institute for Advanced Development Studies (INESAD)
    Publication Date: 2018-11-19
    Description: El presente trabajo de investigación busca contextualizar la pobreza monetaria en Bolivia y, a partir de aquí, establecer la importancia de la situación laboral de los trabajadores del hogar. Las estimaciones muestran que la pobreza ha disminuido de manera importante entre 1999 y 2012; siendo más significativo -en términos agregados- el efecto crecimiento que el de redistribución. Estos cambios pueden asociarse al mejor desempeño de los ingresos laborales; una vez que éstos representan cerca del 90% de los ingresos totales del hogar. Por último, destaca también un mayor porcentaje de miembros de la familia trabajando en los hogares no-pobres comparativamente con los pobres, y una concentración relativa de los trabajadores pobres en la producción agropecuaria y los no-pobres en los servicios sociales (educación, salud, servicios comunales y otros).
    Keywords: I32 ; J21 ; J31 ; ddc:330 ; Pobreza ; Ingreso laboral ; Ocupación
    Language: Spanish
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  • 11
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    Santiago de Chile: Universidad de Chile, Departamento de Economía
    Publication Date: 2016-09-29
    Description: This paper focuses on the effect of educational and skill mismatches of workers on overall job satisfaction, and on certain job domains such as salary, number of working hours, promotion opportunities and type of activity performed. An ordered probit model is estimated by using a data set from the Survey of Quality of Working Life (ECVT). In addition to the variables related to these mismatches, other variables related to the characteristics of both the individual and the type of work are included. The results show that overeducated individuals show higher levels of dissatisfaction than those in which the fit is adequate. However, it also shows how individuals with a lower level of education than what would be required for the post do not reflect significant dissatisfaction levels. It is also evidence observed that individuals with less than the required skills are more dissatisfied than those with a proper matching. The results support the need to study both educational and skill mismatches separately.
    Keywords: J24 ; J31 ; ddc:330 ; satisfaction ; educational match ; skill match
    Language: Spanish
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  • 12
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    Sevilla: Universidad Pablo de Olavide
    Publication Date: 2017-08-04
    Description: In this article we estimate the wage gap between white people and Afro-American people in Cali by using data from the survey of employment and quality of life of 2013. The estimation is weighted by the number of individuals that recognize themselves as Afro-American as a measure of statis- tical correction given the disaggregation of the data, and our approach lets us including the spatial location in the censure process. Our results show that including variables such as migrations and discrimination perception in the participation equation for Afro-Americans, the wage gap is about 43%, where 9% is associated to explained characteristics by differences in human capital and 33% remains associated with labor discrimination.
    Keywords: J31 ; J71 ; R23 ; ddc:330 ; wage gap ; Oaxaca-Blinder ; Afro-descendant ; wage decomposition
    Language: Spanish
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  • 13
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-18
    Description: Este trabajo estudia las disparidades salariales por raza en Brasil durante el período 1980-2010. Utilizando microdatos de censos brasileros, se encuentra que la mayor parte de la brecha observada entre el ingreso de un blanco y un afrodescendiente se debe a diferencias en características productivas, siendo el nivel educativo el mayor determinante. A pesar de ello, entre 20 y 30 por ciento de la diferencia de ingresos promedio observada no es explicada por ningún atributo determinante de la productividad, y esta porción es creciente en el tiempo. Asimismo, el análisis de la brecha salarial para distintos cuantiles de la distribución del ingreso, revela que el componente no explicado tiende a desaparecer en la cola inferior de la distribución de ingresos, y se acrecienta en la cola superior, evidenciando un posible techo de cristal para los afrodescendientes.
    Keywords: J15 ; J31 ; J71 ; ddc:330
    Language: Spanish
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  • 14
    Book
    Book
    Tübingen : Mohr Siebeck
    Keywords: Martiny, Dieter ; Europäische Union ; Internationales Privatrecht ; Internationales Prozessrecht ; Ausländisches Recht ; Rechtsvergleich ; Deutschland ; Aufsatzsammlung ; Bibliografie ; Festschrift ; Deutschland 03.10.1990- ; Europäische Union ; Internationales Privatrecht ; Internationales Prozessrecht ; Ausländisches Recht ; Rechtsvergleich ; Martiny, Dieter
    Type of Medium: Book
    Pages: XIV, 1307 S. , Ill., graph. Darst.
    ISBN: 9783161532580
    DDC: 340.9
    RVK:
    Language: German , English , Spanish
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  • 15
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    Ciudad de México: Banco de México
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: This paper analyzes the adjustment strategies used by some Mexican firms to face supply and demand shocks. The information is provided by a survey carried out in 2012 by Banco de M'exico among 1,138 firms from different sectors. The results show that the response of firms to both types of shocks is not symmetrical in general, and that firms react to these shocks combining adjustment strategies (mostly choosing to reduce costs) to smooth the pass-through to prices and production. Stronger competition makes firms use the adjustment strategies more intensively, and it encourages price flexibility. For all shocks, the costs more likely to be reduced are non-labor costs, followed by temporary employment. A high degree of competition and a high labor share make the pass-through of shocks to employment stronger. On the other hand, collective wage agreements smooth this pass-through. Nominal wage rigidity is evident in the presence of any shock.
    Keywords: J30 ; J31 ; D21 ; D22 ; E3 ; ddc:330 ; firms survey ; price, cost, wage, and employment adjustment ; supply and demand shocks ; competition ; Wage Dynamics Network (WDN)
    Language: Spanish
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  • 16
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: El presente trabajo tiene por objeto demostrar la existencia de la Tasa de Depreciación del Capital Humano en Argentina, haciendo uso de un modelo sencillo que permita incorporar la obsolescencia de sus dos principales fuentes de acumulación, escolaridad y experiencia. Usando los datos provistos por la EPH elaborada por INDEC para el IV trimestre de 2011, se pudo obtener los resultados que prueban dicha hipótesis, evidenciando además que la misma no es constante. Al permitir la identificación de las fuentes de acumulación de Capital Humano, también puede diferenciarse las tasas de depreciación de cada una de ellas y su efecto sobre la depreciación de dicho capital como un todo. Así mismo se identifican diferencias en las tasas de depreciación para diferentes rangos de edades, e incluso para diferentes sectores industriales, incorporando el concepto de depreciación externa al de depreciación interna.
    Keywords: J24 ; J31 ; ddc:330 ; Capital Humano ; Tasa de Depreciación ; Argentina ; Heckman ; sesgo de selección ; escolaridad ; experiencia ; Humankapital ; Argentinien
    Language: Spanish
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  • 17
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    Ciudad de México: Banco de México
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: This paper estimates private returns to education in Mexico by means of the Mincer model. The natural ability bias that the literature reports in this type of estimations is tried to be solved using the control function method. Through this method some variables relevant to wage determination are included in the model, such as natural ability index, mother's education, household infrastructure, height and health. Results suggest that the returns to education by year of schooling in Mexico are between 8.2% and 8.4 %. On the other hand, results by level of education suggest that more education is associated with higher returns. The highest return to education in both absolute and relative terms is provided by Postgraduate education followed by Graduate education. In general, results suggest that there is a convex relationship between education level and wage.
    Keywords: I21 ; J24 ; J31 ; ddc:330 ; private returns to education ; natural ability bias ; natural ability index ; mother's education ; Mexico ; Bildungsertrag ; Frauenbildung ; Mütter ; Bildungsverhalten ; Mexiko
    Language: Spanish
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  • 18
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2016-02-18
    Description: En este trabajo se analizan los cambios en la desigualdad producidos durante el período 1998-2005. Se presenta un conjunto de resultados que pueden contribuir a entender mejor los cambios en la desigualdad. Los resultados obtenidos muestran que la desigualdad distributiva observada entre ambos años esconde importantes cambios distributivos que en el análisis distributivo no se observaban. Los retornos a la educación ha jugado un papel importante en el aumento de los factores inobservables y los mayores niveles de empleo parecen haberla reducido.
    Description: This paper analyses the changes in inequality occurred during the period 1998 - 2005. A set of results are presented in order to contribute to a better understanding of the changes in inequality. The obtained results show that important distributive effects were hidden by the apparent observed distribution stability between both years. The returns to education have played an important role in the rise in inequality while the rise in the unobservable factors and the higher levels of employment seem to have reduced it.
    Keywords: C14 ; C15 ; C24 ; D31 ; I21 ; I32 ; J23 ; J31 ; ddc:330 ; Einkommensverteilung ; Argentinien
    Language: Spanish
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  • 19
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    La Paz: Institute for Advanced Development Studies (INESAD)
    Publication Date: 2018-12-10
    Keywords: J20 ; J23 ; J31 ; ddc:330 ; Städtischer Arbeitsmarkt ; Lohn ; Bolivien
    Language: Spanish
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  • 20
    Book
    Book
    Madrid : CSIC, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas
    Person(s): Rebok, Sandra
    Keywords: Geschichte 1910-2010 ; Wissenschaftliche Kooperation ; Deutschland ; Spanien ; Katalog ; Deutschland 03.10.1990- ; Spanien ; Wissenschaftliche Kooperation ; Geschichte 1910-2010
    Type of Medium: Book
    Pages: 432 S. , zahlr. Ill., graph. Darst.
    ISBN: 9788400091057
    RVK:
    RVK:
    RVK:
    Language: Spanish , German
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  • 21
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    Santiago de Chile: Universidad de Chile, Departamento de Economía
    Publication Date: 2012-11-22
    Description: Monthly wage series with quarterly periodicity between December 1994 and December 2004 for thirteen regions in Chile are presented in this paper. These series are based on the information recollected by the Superintendencia de Fondos de Pensiones (Pensions Fund Superintendence), but are corrected for truncation and censoring bias. The comparative analysis of corrected and non-corrected series indicates that the series show a statistically diferentiated behavior. The non-corrected wage series are not good predictors of the corrected series. Thus, to develop regional wage analysis, based on this information source, it is preferable to use the corrected series presented in this paper.
    Keywords: J31 ; R11 ; R23 ; ddc:330 ; regional wages ; estimation ; truncation ; censored ; Regionale Lohnstruktur ; Chile
    Language: Spanish
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  • 22
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    Ciudad de México: Banco de México
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: We estimate wage differentials across different sectors of the Mexican economy. The results suggest that the wage differential between the formal and informal sectors is significant and larger than the differential between industry and services. The findings suggest that significant differences in productivity levels between the formal and informal sectors could exist. This, in turn, might imply that the economy's aggregate productivity could be affected by the increase of the share of informal employment. The results also suggest that the main distortions in the Mexican labor market seem to be related more with labor regulations that affect the allocation of resources between formal and informal activities, than a result of intrinsic characteristics of the production processes in the industrial and service sectors.
    Keywords: J24 ; J31 ; O17 ; ddc:330 ; Informal Sector ; Productivity ; Labor Market Distortions ; Städtischer Arbeitsmarkt ; Lohnstruktur ; Mexiko
    Language: Spanish
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  • 23
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2018-12-11
    Description: Las regiones argentinas presentan diferencias en su estructura poblacional y también en la forma en que retribuyen a los distintos factores. Este trabajo estudia cómo esas diferencias afectan la distribución del ingreso y la pobreza, aplicando técnicas de microdescomposición. La utilización de dichas técnicas permite cuantificar la contribución de cada uno de los determinantes de los ingresos, a tales diferencias. Los resultados de este trabajo sugieren una fuerte heterogeneidad entre las regiones, encontrándose las causas de las diferentes tasas de pobreza y desigualdad, principalmente en los retornos a la educación, la brecha salarial entre hombres y mujeres y a los distintos niveles de empleo.
    Keywords: C14 ; C15 ; C24 ; D31 ; I21 ; I32 ; J23 ; J31 ; ddc:330 ; Distribución ; pobreza ; descomposiciones ; educación ; ingresos ; desempleo ; Argentina.
    Language: Spanish
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  • 24
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    La Paz: Institute for Advanced Development Studies (INESAD)
    Publication Date: 2018-12-11
    Description: Varios estudios realizados en Bolivia sugieren que los trabajadores calificados son escasos y que los puestos de trabajo en el sector público son tan atractivos que el sector privado no puede captar ni mantener los trabajadores calificados que necesita. Tal tendencia limita fuertemente el crecimiento económico y la reducción de la pobreza, puesto que el sector productivo tiene restricciones en la contratación eficaz de uno de sus factores de producción más importantes. El presente documento testea esta hipótesis a través de la estimación de modelos estructurales que permitan estudiar los patrones de comportamiento de búsqueda de trabajo de los empleados en Bolivia. Los resultados están consistentes con la hipótesis.
    Keywords: J62 ; J63 ; J64 ; J31 ; ddc:330 ; Movilidad ; mercado laboral ; búsqueda de trabajo ; Bolivia
    Language: Spanish
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  • 25
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2018-12-11
    Description: El objetivo de este análisis es investigar en qué dirección puede moverse la desigualdad de la distribución del ingreso laboral horario ante cambios en la estructura de edades de la fuerza de trabajo de la República Argentina. Los resultados indican que los efectos distributivos de una mayor participación de trabajadores jóvenes en el total son contrapuestos. Por un lado, la desigualdad total puede caer dado que este grupo se caracteriza por una menor dispersión de ingresos. Por otro, la desigualdad puede aumentar dado que un incremento en el tamaño de una cohorte tiene efectos negativos en sus ingresos medios, ampliando así la dispersión de las remuneraciones entre diferentes grupos de edad. Sin embargo, dado que los ingresos de los individuos con mayor educación son más sensibles al tamaño de la cohorte, la desigualdad podría caer. En cuanto al efecto final de dichos cambios, lamentablemente en este trabajo no se puede dar una respuesta definitiva.
    Keywords: D31 ; J21 ; J23 ; J31 ; ddc:330 ; desigualdad ; ingreso laboral ; estructura de edades ; cohort size ; Argentina.
    Language: Spanish
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  • 26
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2018-12-11
    Description: La pobreza y la desigualdad de los ingresos laborales y familiares en Argentina han experimentado un sostenido incremento a lo largo de la última década. Como es sabido el ingreso laboral es el producto entre el salario y las horas trabajadas. Si bien importantes resultados han surgido al analizar los cambios producidos en los determinantes del salario, las horas trabajadas han recibido menor atención por parte de la literatura. Es por ello que este trabajo busca caracterizar el impacto en la desigualdad del ingreso y en la pobreza que surge de los cambios experimentados por los determinantes de las horas trabajadas haciendo uso de técnicas de descomposiciones microeconométricas. Adicionalmente se persigue profundizar los estudios previos de medición del efecto distributivo que surge de cambios en los determinantes de los salarios por medio de la metodología de Quantile Regression.
    Keywords: C14 ; C15 ; C24 ; D31 ; I31 ; J23 ; J31 ; ddc:330 ; pobreza ; desigualdad del ingreso ; descomposiciones ; horas trabajadas ; salario ; Quantile Regression ; Argentina.
    Language: Spanish
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  • 27
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    La Plata: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS)
    Publication Date: 2018-12-11
    Description: En este trabajo se investiga la incidencia del trabajo del estudiante en su desempeño académico. Para analizar la relación entre el tiempo dedicado al trabajo y el desempeño académico de los alumnos se utilizan datos del Primer Censo de estudiantes de universidades nacionales de 1994. Los resultados compatibilizan con los argumentos contrapuestos sobre esta relación. Por un lado, si se postula un modelo lineal, se encuentra que las horas trabajadas inciden negativamente sobre el rendimiento. Por otro lado, en una especificación no lineal, las horas trabajadas se asocian en forma positiva y decreciente. En otros términos, para un nivel moderado de horas trabajadas, la incidencia puede ser positiva. Si se consideran sólo los alumnos con trabajos vinculados a la carrera, también se encuentra una relación no lineal, donde la relación positiva se evidencia para un mayor nivel de horas trabajadas. En contraste, si se analiza sólo el grupo con trabajos no vinculados, la relación resulta negativa, cualquiera sea el nivel de horas trabajadas. La investigación provee fundamentos empíricos a la legislación universitaria sobre pasantías acerca de las condiciones del trabajo del estudiante que preserven su desempeño académico.
    Keywords: I21 ; I28 ; J31 ; ddc:330 ; trabajo del estudiante ; rendimiento académico ; horas trabajadas
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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    Keywords: Immenga, Ulrich ; Europäische Union ; Deutschland ; Wirtschaftsrecht ; Wirtschaftsrecht ; Competition, Unfair ; Competition, Unfair ; Restraint of trade ; Restraint of trade ; Trade regulation ; Trade regulation ; Deutschland ; Aufsatzsammlung ; Bibliografie ; Festschrift ; Deutschland 03.10.1990- ; Wirtschaftsrecht ; Europäische Union ; Wirtschaftsrecht ; Immenga, Ulrich
    Type of Medium: Book
    Pages: XIII, 789 S. , Ill.
    ISBN: 3406523560
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    München : Vahlen [u.a.]
    Keywords: Deutschland ; Spanien ; Spanisch ; Wirtschaft ; Spanisch ; Wirtschaftssprache ; Wirtschaft ; Spanish language Business Spanish ; Spanien ; Spain Economic conditions ; Lehrbuch ; Spanisch ; Wirtschaftssprache ; Spanien ; Wirtschaft
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    Pages: XIII, 237 S. , graph. Darst.
    ISBN: 380062415X , 3214029479 , 3719020355
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    Bonn : Hochschulrektorenkonferenz
    Part of " Dokumente & Informationen"
    Keywords: Kwaliteitscontrole ; Kwaliteitsverbetering ; Hochschule ; Qualitätssicherung ; Hochschule ; Evaluation ; Hochschule ; Lehre ; Qualitätssicherung ; Hochschule ; Lehre ; Evaluation ; Deutschland ; Deutschland ; Deutschland ; Deutschland ; Konferenzschrift ; Deutschland 03.10.1990- ; Hochschule ; Qualitätssicherung ; Deutschland 03.10.1990- ; Hochschule ; Evaluation ; Deutschland 03.10.1990- ; Hochschule ; Lehre ; Qualitätssicherung ; Deutschland 03.10.1990- ; Hochschule ; Lehre ; Evaluation
    Type of Medium: Book
    Pages: 41 S.
    Series Statement: Dokumente & Informationen 2000,1
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    Keywords: Hochschulrektorenkonferenz ; Hochschulrektorenkonferenz ; Geschichte 1990-1998 ; Universität ; Internationale Kooperation ; Vereinbarung ; Internationale Kooperation ; Vereinbarung ; Internationale Kooperation ; Quelle ; Akademischer Grad ; Anerkennung ; Hochschulabschluss ; Anerkennung ; Hochschulabschluss ; Internationaler Vergleich ; Deutschland ; Deutschland 03.10.1990- ; Universität ; Internationale Kooperation ; Vereinbarung ; Hochschulrektorenkonferenz ; Internationale Kooperation ; Vereinbarung ; Hochschulrektorenkonferenz ; Internationale Kooperation ; Geschichte 1990-1998 ; Quelle ; Akademischer Grad ; Anerkennung ; Hochschulabschluss ; Anerkennung ; Hochschulabschluss ; Internationaler Vergleich
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    Series Statement: Dokumente & Informationen / Hochschulrektorenkonferenz
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