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  • M10  (34)
  • M14  (27)
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Biochemistry and Biotechnology
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  • Spanish  (57)
  • 1
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    Sevilla: Universidad Pablo de Olavide
    Publication Date: 2019-04-24
    Description: This study aims to explore the key factors that may affect the entrepreneurial capacity of students of Higher Education Centers (CES). Once the factors were established, these were grouped into internal and external to the ESCs, then the AHP method was applied to determine the relative weights of each of the criteria to groups of experts belonging to different disciplines and Latin American countries. Through the consensus of the experts, the results indicate that internal factors that most influence the entrepreneurship of their students are "Entrepreneurial Spirit", "Work Experience" and "Performance of specific courses" and as external factors affect to a greater extent "The Networks", "Friends" and "Scope of development". The results of the study can be used as an important reference for educational establishments, to define strategies based on these factors, which help to improve ecosystems within their centers, effectively enhancing the entrepreneurial capacity of their students.
    Keywords: I23 ; M13 ; M14 ; ddc:330 ; entrepreneurship ; Higher Education centers ; entrepreneurial capacity ; entrepreneurial ecosystem
    Language: Spanish
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  • 2
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    A Coruña: Colegio de Economistas de A Coruña
    Publication Date: 2020-02-11
    Description: This article studies the role of technology drivers in catching up at different stages of development. Countries can be at different stages of development when entering in a new catching-up cycle. Thus, the technological drivers of growth [technological capabilities, external spillovers, technological specialization and stability of policies in science and technology] can play different roles to accelerate the rate of growth and change their relative position in the leadership rank (win or lose the run). The empirical results show the building of a 'racing pattern' as countries climb up development stages. At earlier stages, infrastructures and qualification play a major role, while at upper stages, the maintenance of leadership depends on accumlating techno-scientific capabilities to innovate. The article also finds that R&D is crucial at any stage of development, as well as the stability of technology policies.
    Keywords: M12 ; M14 ; ddc:330 ; Database ; business intelligence ; financial information system ; decision making and knowledge base
    Language: Spanish
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  • 3
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    Sevilla: Universidad Pablo de Olavide
    Publication Date: 2019-04-24
    Description: International Accounting Standard 40 (IAS 40 - Investment properties) offers an ideal setting for research on accounting choice as it represents a paradigmatic case choosing between the fair value and the historical cost as the measurement criteria. In this paper, we take the opportunity of this standard to provide additional evidence in a multinational and multi-context on the determinants that explain the accounting choice. Furthermore, in this paper, we introduce and compare the use of artificial neural networks and decision trees in order to assess the predictive capability of these methodologies, compared to other techniques commonly used to solve classification problems in this area such as the logistic regression. The classification results indicate that both neural networks and decision trees can be an interesting alternative to classical statistical methods such as the logistic regression. In particular, both methods outperformed the logistic regression in terms of predictive ability, although no significant differences were found between both.
    Keywords: M10 ; ddc:330 ; accounting choice ; fair value ; IFRS ; neural networks ; decision trees
    Language: Spanish
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  • 4
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier
    Publication Date: 2019-11-02
    Description: Los recursos de naturaleza intangible se han convertido en los principales generadores de valor de manera sostenible en las empresas. En concreto, aquellos que permanecen ocultos en los balances debido a las dificultades que plantea su reconocimiento y medición (es decir, lo que se denomina capital intelectual). Si bien, el suministro por parte de las empresas de información voluntaria sobre estos recursos puede ayudar a reducir las posibles asimetrías de información y mejorar la transparencia informativa entre sus grupos de interés (stakeholders). En este sentido, los informes anuales son los principales medios de divulgación que tienen las empresas para suministrar información voluntaria. Sin embargo, en los últimos años, las memorias de sostenibilidad se han convertido en la principal vía de comunicación como mecanismo para legitimar las actuaciones de las empresas ante sus stakeholders. Así, nuestro objetivo es explorar y analizar el medio de comunicación que están empleando las empresas para suministrar información voluntaria sobre sus recursos intangibles ocultos. Los resultados obtenidos permiten concluir que se ha producido un cambio en la política de información empresarial y las memorias de sostenibilidad se han convertido en el principal soporte para suministrar información voluntaria a los stakeholders, además de ser un buen medio para suministrar información de los recursos intangibles.
    Description: Intangible assets have become the main sustainable value creation of companies. Specifically,those assets which remain hidden in the accounting statement due to the difficulties in identification and measuring (ie what is called intellectual capital). Voluntary information disclosed by companies on these assets can help to reduce symmetries of information and improve information transparency among stakeholders. In this sense, annual reports are the primary tool of information disclosure that companies have for provide voluntary information. In recent years, sustainability reports have become in the main means of communication as a way to legitimize the actions of companies to their stakeholders. Thus, our aim is to explore and analyze the means of communication used by companies to provide voluntary information about their hidden intangible assets. Results obtained indicate that there has been a change in corporate information policy and sustainability reports have become the mainstay to provide information voluntarily to stakeholders as well as being a good way to provide information of intangible resources
    Keywords: M14 ; M19 ; M41 ; ddc:650 ; Intangibles ; Capital intelectual ; Divulgación de información ; Informe anual ; Memoria de sostenibilidad ; Intangibles ; Intellectual capital ; Disclosure ; Annual report ; Sustainability report
    Language: Spanish
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  • 5
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    A Coruña: Colegio de Economistas de A Coruña
    Publication Date: 2019-02-14
    Description: This paper aims to show a theoretical description of the integrative enterprises under resources-based view. The limitations of micro, small and medium enterprises is analyzed, and how integrative enterprises contribute to increased competitiveness through capacity development and integration of the resources of the associated firms; by using a qualitative method, it is found that the implementation of this model offers advantages to integrated firms that could not accomplish them by themselves.
    Keywords: L10 ; L22 ; L25 ; M10 ; ddc:330 ; integrative enterprises ; resources-based view ; competitiveness ; strategy ; integration
    Language: Spanish
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  • 6
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    A Coruña: Colegio de Economistas de A Coruña
    Publication Date: 2019-02-14
    Description: The maximization of profit as the main objective of companies is being criticized from different forums, advocating for an economic system in which the achievement of social sustainability will play a leading role. In the banking sector, after the outbreak of the crisis in 2008, financial bailouts that have used public funds to save various entities have provoked a current of opinion about the necessary social role that banking companies must develop. In this article, a case study is carried out analyzing the role of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in ABANCA, the financial institution with the largest presence in Galicia (northwest Spain), which has been rescued with public money, Identifying a series of objectives and actions carried out by said entity. The analyzes carried out show, among others, the importance of trust and transparency, as well as attention to intangibles.
    Keywords: G30 ; G38 ; L21 ; M14 ; ddc:330
    Language: Spanish
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  • 7
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    Sevilla: Universidad Pablo de Olavide
    Publication Date: 2018-02-08
    Description: The purpose of this study is to show marketing practitioners how to use econometric models to assess the effect of marketing actions. We use a database that includes the four competitors of a personal care product in Colombia with limited information for a period of six years. The study evaluates the effects of marketing actions on sales revenues for the three product subcategories: premium, midprice, and value. The results show that these effects are different for the three subcategories. This suggests that there is no general model to predict the consequences of marketing actions on sales revenues; marketers need to use statistical methods to assess the effect of their decisions. Finally, although our results cannot be extrapolate to other product categories or countries, our approach can be used to assess the impact of marketing actions on sales revenues in other product categories and industries.
    Keywords: M10 ; M31 ; C23 ; ddc:330 ; marketing actions ; competitive dynamics ; panel data ; mass consumption products
    Language: Spanish
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  • 8
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    Sevilla: Universidad Pablo de Olavide
    Publication Date: 2018-02-08
    Description: This research tested and empirically analyzes the in uence of certain intangibles business on the export performance of manufacturing SMEs. Specifically, the proposed research model assesses the relationship between participative management, entrepreneurial culture and innovative orientation, managerial capacity and export performance. Considering the innovative orientation as a key in these businesses to compete in foreign markets, and export performance as a measure of competitive success, elaborate on how it affects promote an entrepreneurial culture, and how it in uences managerial capacity to conquer external markets. The technique Partial Least Squares (PLS) has been applied in 180 manufacturing SMEs. The results show that the entrepreneurial culture is a mediating variable between participatory management style and innovative orientation of the company and managerial capacity affect export performance but not moderate the relationship between innovation and export performance orientation.
    Keywords: L21 ; M14 ; M3 ; ddc:330 ; entrepreneurial culture ; export performance ; innovative orientation ; participative management ; managerial ability
    Language: Spanish
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  • 9
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    Sevilla: Universidad Pablo de Olavide
    Publication Date: 2018-02-08
    Description: The importance of management systems for the integration of CSR in the company strategy is a vital resource that has been little studied in technology companies. In this paper a structural equation model is proposed in order to explain the in uence of CSR and its integration into the management system of the company. This in uence is facilitated by the existence of previous standardized management systems, and how this integration affects the strategy of the company and if this is a reflection on the economic performance of the technology company. The study was conducted in companies located in Spanish Science and Technology Parks. On the one hand, model results shows that there is a positive, direct and statistically significant relationship between the integration of CSR and strategy; on the other hand, performance and integration has also this relationship. Likewise, the model shows also some indirect evidence relations between Management System before the implementation of CSR and performance.
    Keywords: M14 ; ddc:330 ; structure equation modeling ; corporate social responsibility ; technology companies ; integration ; performance
    Language: Spanish
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  • 10
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier
    Publication Date: 2018-12-20
    Description: Integrated reporting (IR) is one of the latest innovations regarding sustainability reporting and non-financial information in the world. Although some companies began IR practices in the 2000s (Eccles & Krzus, 2010), IR has only been recognized since 2010 as the best way to get a complete picture of the value of organizations, overcoming the limitations of traditional reports (Eccles & Krzus, 2010; Jensen & Berg, 2012; Abeysekera, 2013).Our research aims to analyze this innovative reporting trend. To do this, we first review some practices in the annual reports published by the pioneering companies in IR, then, we present the antecedents for the current IR framework. Finally we look into the process that the International Integrated Reporting Council has followed to develop the framework, pointing out some milestones for the widespread adoption of integrated reporting.Our findings suggest that reporting practices have been ahead both from theoretical developments and institutional efforts. However, private regulators continue to have a major influence on the theoretical definition of standards that are intended to guide IR and the development of accountability practices to stakeholders.
    Keywords: M14 ; M40 ; ddc:650 ; Integrated reporting ; Reporting ; Financial and non-financial information ; First integrated reporting practices ; International Integrated Reporting Council pilot programme ; The International Integrated Reporting Framework
    Language: Spanish
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  • 11
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: This article presents a review of the studies on on boards of directors and corporate social responsibility practices in the banking industry. Several characteristics of bank boards, in particular independence and diversity, may impact their CSR commitments. By studying a sample of 159 banks in nine countries during the period 2004-2010, there is evidence that suggests that banks with more independent and diverse directors follow a path of socially responsible behaviour.
    Keywords: G21 ; M14 ; ddc:330 ; Corporate governance ; Board of directors ; Corporate social responsibility ; Banks
    Language: Spanish
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  • 12
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: Internal marketing orientation (IMO) can be used as a tool for managing employees' knowledge that allows companies to develop a competitive advantage to the extent that generates information, communicates it internally and facilitates to articulate a response to their needs. IMO through proper management of human capital facilitates more effective competition and a more agile response to market demands. This study analyzes the three dimensions that make up IMO and involve knowledge management with regard to gathering intelligence concerning employees' needs, the transmission of these needs and the subsequent response. Then, an empirical research has been carried out to analyze the IMO in Spanish hotels and it had led to the classification of three clearly defined groups. Moreover, the results indicate IMO as a source of competitive advantage as higher levels of job satisfaction and organizational commitment are found in the groups with higher IMO.
    Keywords: M10 ; M31 ; ddc:330 ; Knowledge management ; Internal marketing orientation ; Satisfaction ; Commitment ; Competitive advantages
    Language: Spanish
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  • 13
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: The aim of this work is to describe in detail on the current situation of outsourcing of Information Systems using the results of a survey carried out in the biggest Spanish firms. This is a longitudinal study that covers 12 years, since the current results are contrasted with those of two surveys carried out previously in the same environment and by the same authors. The conclusions point to a preservation of the status quo in the configuration of the outsourcing and to a larger degree of maturity in the characteristics of the contracts.
    Keywords: M10 ; M15 ; M55 ; ddc:330 ; Information systems ; Information technologies ; Outsourcing ; Survey ; Providers
    Language: Spanish
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  • 14
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    A Coruña: Colegio de Economistas de A Coruña
    Publication Date: 2016-09-24
    Description: The Protocol for Socially Responsible Territory is the result of a local sustainability management experience, which has demonstrated the importance of public administration in social innovation. This article describes the process through which such protocol was obtained, its characteristics and its principles as well as the strengths that this protocol offers. The definition of Socially Responsible Territory (TSR) is presented as a contribution to the theoretical development of a new research area, whose prospects are favored by the potential practical effects on public and corporate alliances locally. This protocol offers competitive advantages to governments who are preparing to seize the opportunities from the Europe 2020 Strategy for Growth.
    Keywords: M14 ; R58 ; R11 ; ddc:330
    Language: Spanish
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  • 15
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: This study analyses the social and environmental research published in Spanish journals between 2004 and 2012. The main areas of concern of the Spanish researcher are analysis of Spanish practices, external publication, attitude studies and the different theoretical frameworks. There are also encouraging changes in the methodological approaches used, placing greater importance on empirical research with the conducting of field and case studies, at the same time as analysis of different statistical relationships, from interviews and content analysis, although without the features of cooperation and interactivity typical of dynamic, and innovative knowledge production communities. There appears to be some difficulty in getting published in Spanish journals, and generating critical social and environmental research is even harder.
    Keywords: M14 ; Q56 ; ddc:330 ; Research ; Methods ; Spain ; Corporate social responsibility ; Sustainable development
    Language: Spanish
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  • 16
    Book
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    Tübingen : Mohr Siebeck
    Keywords: Martiny, Dieter ; Europäische Union ; Internationales Privatrecht ; Internationales Prozessrecht ; Ausländisches Recht ; Rechtsvergleich ; Deutschland ; Aufsatzsammlung ; Bibliografie ; Festschrift ; Deutschland 03.10.1990- ; Europäische Union ; Internationales Privatrecht ; Internationales Prozessrecht ; Ausländisches Recht ; Rechtsvergleich ; Martiny, Dieter
    Type of Medium: Book
    Pages: XIV, 1307 S. , Ill., graph. Darst.
    ISBN: 9783161532580
    DDC: 340.9
    RVK:
    Language: German , English , Spanish
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  • 17
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: This research intends to show whether the prevalence of individualistic or collectivist cultures in an organization can moderate the effects of the human resource policies on business performance. To date, there is a lack of literature which analyzes this relationship. A sample of 102 companies, situated in southern of Spain, with more than 100 employees was used for this study. In accordance with the statistical analysis conducted using Structural Equation Modeling Partial Least Squares (SEM-PLS) results reveal the existence of the moderating effect.
    Keywords: L25 ; M12 ; M14 ; M50 ; ddc:330 ; Human resource practices ; Employees commitment ; Organizational performance ; Individualism/collectivism
    Language: Spanish
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  • 18
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: This research has been carried out in order to analyze the development of actions to modify organizational legitimacy. We examine the relationship between the degree of organizational goals implementation and pragmatic legitimacy. Study has been developed on the European Area of Higher Education. We look at this process in the University community of six Spanish universities. The results have shown a significant and positive relationship between the degree of organizational goals implementation and their pragmatic legitimacy.
    Keywords: M10 ; M21 ; ddc:330 ; Strategic implementation ; Legitimacy ; Pragmatic legitimacy ; Strategy ; Institutional theory ; European Area of Higher Education
    Language: Spanish
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  • 19
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: The aim of this paper is to analyze the phenomenon of corporate social responsibility (CSR) in the Spanish banking sector through social responsibility reports. Based on the theories of legitimacy and Stakeholders justified the use of CSR to analyze the behavior information about its environment. As survey methodology used content analysis, in particular are analyzed and compared the information practices in relation to four pillars on which the RSC is organized: customers, community, employees and the environment. In particular, it proposes a content index of liability (IDR) that measures the quality and detail of information provided. The study concludes that the community and environment categories are the most generally reported, although nature are social institutions (savings banks and credit unions) more transparent about customers and community is concerned, on the evolution during the recent years have seen that the transparency of information does not increase, but remains stable or even decreased as in the case of the contents on customers, in addition, we find that the contents are related to the internal activity of the company remains concerned about the most institutions to address the impacts of their activities as financial intermediaries.
    Keywords: M14 ; ddc:330 ; Content analysis ; Financial institutions ; Global reporting initiative ; Corporate social responsibility
    Language: Spanish
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  • 20
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier
    Publication Date: 2019-03-14
    Description: The design of qualifications around professional profiles and steering teaching towards the acquisition of competences are 2 major challenges targeted by the European Higher Education Area (EHEA). This study analyses the importance given by teachers to knowledge of a second language in Business Organisation matters in Business Management and Administration (BMA) and Engineering studies in the European context. As its basis, the study takes answers from teaching staff in 20 European countries given in an online survey. The results lead to the conclusion that mastery of a second language is a specific competence considered by teachers to be crucial for the training of university BMA and Engineering students, although Spain is behind other countries in the region with regard to how the importance of a second language is perceived as a curricular and professional competence.
    Keywords: I21 ; I23 ; M10 ; ddc:330 ; European Higher Education Area ; Competence-based teaching ; Linguistic competence ; Curriculum ; Language learning
    Language: Spanish
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  • 21
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Este trabajo presenta el concepto de JIT (Just-In-Time, o justo a tiempo) y ofrece aplicaciones en la Argentina. En la Parte I, pone el JIT en el contexto de la gestión japonesa (management japonés): destaca las características de esta gestión, y resume su evolución a lo largo de las últimas décadas. Hace hincapié en la gestión de la producción y analiza los desafíos, críticas y las teorías de la convergencia con los sistemas occidentales que se han examinado a lo largo de los últimos 20 años. El artículo examina los desarrollos de la gestión japonesa en el extranjero y, en particular, las prácticas de la gestión japonesa en la Argentina. En particular, estudia las condiciones para el éxito o fracaso de la transferencia de este estilo de gestión en diversos países, incluyendo la Argentina. También estudia la posibilidad de transferencia parcial de algunos elementos del sistema y su aplicación en empresas japonesas y no japonesas. En la Parte II, se presenta un marco teórico del JIT como: (a) una filosofía; (b) un conjunto de técnicas productivas; (c) un método de la planificación y control de la producción. Finalmente, se trata con aplicaciones del JIT en las siguientes empresas: McDonald's, Wal-Mart, Zara, Alpargatas, Toyota, Becher Logística, Motor Parts y Master Trim. Como conclusión de estos estudios de caso, se llega a que el JIT es aplicable en la Argentina.
    Keywords: F23 ; M10 ; M11 ; M12 ; M14 ; P51 ; ddc:330 ; Just-In-Time ; gestión japonesa ; gestión japonesa en el extranjero ; transferibilidad de la gestión japonesa ; empresas internacionales ; empresas internacionales japonesas ; corporaciones multinacionales japonesas ; kanban
    Language: Spanish
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  • 22
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier
    Publication Date: 2019-01-15
    Description: Micro.enterprises have certain attributes that distinguish them from large companies and from those that see problems when adopting principles and social responsibility policies. However, the principles of social responsibility can and should be integrated into any organization, including micro.enterprises. In this paper, we study how cooperation networks could be an appropriate incentive for the micro.enterprises to implement social responsibility policies, strengthening some advantages and mitigating some disadvantages that micro.enterprises may have when dealing with such policies, and enhancing, ultimately, the level of development of their relational and structural capital. In preparing the study theoretical model is proposed that analyses the components of these types of capital in the company, adapted to the micro.enterprise as well as studying the influences that social responsibility policies and membership of cooperation networks can have on these components.
    Keywords: M10 ; M12 ; M13 ; M14 ; L14 ; ddc:650 ; networking ; micro-enterprise ; social responsibility ; relational and structural capital
    Language: Spanish
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  • 23
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: El desarrollo de proveedores es una actividad que enriquece la gestión de la cadena de suministro, dotándola de mayor valor a través del aporte mutuo entre empresas clientes y subcontratistas. Este aporte incluye nuevas tecnologías, know-how, herramientas de la calidad y organización del trabajo, además de negociaciones sobre la política de precios, entre otros temas. En este trabajo presentamos sus conceptos fundamentales. Nos basamos, ante todo, en la Guía para el Desarrollo de Proveedores de ONUDI, que analizamos con detenimiento como material de referencia obligado. Estudiamos las etapas de un programa de desarrollo de proveedores, que incluyen, entre otras, las siguientes: análisis de los requerimientos de los clientes; selección de los subcontratistas; diagnóstico de los productos, procesos y productividad de los subcontratistas; análisis de las facultades de los subcontratistas para cumplir con los requerimientos de sus clientes; formulación de las recomendaciones técnicas; capacitación de los subcontratistas; aplicación de las recomendaciones; y análisis de la posibilidad de establecer alianzas y fortalecer las existentes. Examinamos los objetivos principales del desarrollo de proveedores que son, fundamentalmente, tres: lograr la reducción de los costos, ajustar la política de precios, y mejorar la tecnología, en sentido amplio. También dedicamos atención a las normas de la serie ISO 9000, que hacen referencia al desarrollo de proveedores. Tratamos con cierto detalle las dificultades del desarrollo de proveedores; las describimos y presentamos algunas herramientas para facilitar la gestión del cambio. Entre estas incluimos la educación y el entrenamiento, la atención a la cultura organizacional, la motivación y las recompensas, y el ejercicio del liderazgo. Finalmente, presentamos el resumen de cuatro estudios de caso, tres de ellos reales y uno hipotético, para destacar los efectos económicos y de otro tipo del desarrollo de proveedores; el estudio hipotético, en particular, ofrece algunos principios orientadores del sistema de desarrollo de proveedores, sus elementos motivadores y breves consideraciones para mejorarlo, así como posibles contenidos de un programa. El artículo constituye una invitación a abordar el estudio y la aplicación de estas técnicas, dada la capacidad que tienen para mejorar la ecuación económica de la cadena de suministros y beneficiar a todos los interesados en su progreso.
    Keywords: M10 ; M12 ; M14 ; ddc:330 ; desarrollo de proveedores ; cadena de suministro ; contratista ; subcontratista ; gestión del cambio ; bolsas de subcontratación y de alianzas industriales ; educación y entrenamiento ; John Deere & Co. ; Maruti Udyog Ltd. ; FUJUDES
    Language: Spanish
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  • 24
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier
    Publication Date: 2018-12-19
    Description: Here we describe the origins, evolution and classification of stakeholders. It highlights the relationship created between the credit institution as a social organization and its various stakeholders, analyzing the importance attached to them. The field work was conducted through a questionnaire answered by 57 Spanish institutions. The results show the sensitivity of banks to CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility), with regard to the entire Spanish financial sector. Our goal is to analyze the importance of the various stakeholders: shareholders, employees, customers, suppliers, community and public administration for the Spanish credit institutions. Credit institutions focus their interest mainly on two interest groups: employees and customers. Transparency and open dialogue about performance, priorities and future plans for sustainability are actions to be implemented in order to inspire confidence and future.
    Keywords: G30 ; M14 ; ddc:330 ; corporate social responsibility ; credit institutions ; stakeholders
    Language: Spanish
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  • 25
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier
    Publication Date: 2018-12-19
    Description: In the past few decades a large number of studies have been carried out aimed at integrating and incorporating ethics into organizations, mainly highlighting the need to enhance ethical behavior within organizations. However, none of them makes any reference in their approach concerning the value which is generated as a consequence of organizational ethics, when not only several studies have been found supporting such statement but also a theoretical justification is found based on the perspectives of the Resource-Based View of the Firm and Dynamic Capabilities. Therefore, the authors of this study, starting from a model previously designed (Ruiz-Palomino y Ruiz-Amaya, 2011), have designed an integrating model as an attempt to link an ethical organizational culture to the business value generation by means of human resources. To be precise, attention in this paper is focused on the analysis of the direct and indirect effects that an ethical organizational culture has on the value job response of the employee. Discussion of the model, managerial implications and directions for future research are finally presented.
    Keywords: M1 ; M10 ; M14 ; ddc:330 ; organizational culture ; resource-based view of the firm ; dynamic capabilities theory ; business value ; business ethics ; person-organization values fit
    Language: Spanish
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  • 26
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Presentamos los conceptos centrales de la gestión de proyectos, una actividad orientada a aumentar la probabilidad de obtener resultados organizacionales favorables con la aplicación de conocimientos, habilidades, herramientas y técnicas selectas de la administración, dentro de un marco temporal específico. Describimos, como elemento motivador, el contraste entre un proyecto antiguo, la Muralla China, con un proyecto moderno, la represa de Tres Gargantas. Una adecuada gestión de proyectos es un componente fundamental para sostener el crecimiento de una firma. El documento de trabajo enumera algunas características de los proyectos y cita algunas de sus fuentes; también distingue entre empresas proyectizadas y funcionales, como dos tipos ideales, entre las cuales se ubican las empresas matriciales. El trabajo hace hincapié en el concepto de proceso y, en particular, coloca a la gestión de proyectos en el marco del ciclo de la mejora continua, al cual se le agregan los procesos de inicio y de cierre. En este marco se detallan nueve áreas del conocimiento aplicables en los proyectos: gestión de la integración, del alcance, del tiempo, del costo, de la calidad, de los recursos humanos, de las comunicaciones, de los riesgos y de las adquisiciones. Las nueve áreas del conocimiento deben tratarse con el nivel de profundidad que exige cada proyecto, pero, conceptualmente, deben considerarse siempre con un método estructurado como el descripto en este documento, para potenciar la probabilidad de éxito.
    Keywords: M10 ; O22 ; O32 ; ddc:330 ; gestión de proyectos ; organizaciones 'proyectizadas' ; gestión de la integración de un proyecto ; gestión del alcance de un proyecto ; gestión del tiempo de un proyecto ; gestión del costo de un proyecto ; gestión de la calidad de un proyecto ; gestión de los recursos humanos de un proyecto ; gestión de las comunicaciones de un proyecto ; gestión de los riesgos de un proyecto y gestión de las adquisiciones de un proyecto
    Language: Spanish
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  • 27
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Este trabajo es una introducción práctica al uso de la gestión hoshin en empresas pequeñas y medianas (pymes). En particular, refleja nuestra experiencia de su aplicación en Asc. Telesí, una firma de mantenimiento y venta de ascensores, con sede en Buenos Aires. Presentamos los conceptos generales de la gestión hoshin y los contrastamos con los de la administración por objetivos. Luego de discutir su aplicabilidad en las pymes, describimos la empresa, su estrategia y la forma en que desarrollamos anualmente la gestión hoshin, dentro de un ciclo de planificación de varios años. Destacamos dos enfoques ligeramente distintos empleados en Asc. Telesí en dos etapas sucesivas, como parte de un proceso de aprendizaje a través de la mejora continua. Resumimos, finalmente, un procedimiento general para la planificación hoshin en una pyme y proponemos algunas preguntas para reflexionar sobre el tema.
    Keywords: L21 ; L23 ; M10 ; ddc:330 ; hoshin kanri ; catchball ; planificación por objetivos ; planificación por políticas ; pequeña y mediana empresa ; metodología de planificación
    Language: Spanish
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  • 28
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    Sevilla: Universidad Pablo de Olavide
    Publication Date: 2017-08-04
    Description: The management of stakeholders is becoming increasingly important to the corporate sustainability. The engagement of stakeholders gives legitimacy to the company, generating trust and credibility. The enterprises that are seeking sustainability in their activities must know stakeholders, promote dialogue, meet the demands and expectations, and be transparent in the accountability for their actions. The sustainable company triggers continuous improvement and innovation and seeks for social acceptance to achieve success in their activities. In this context, our focus is on thinking about the main challenges faced by companies pursueing sustainable development through effective management of their stakeholders. We further propose the use of flexible tools that aid employers in decision making and help them improve the stakeholder management.
    Keywords: M10 ; M14 ; ddc:330 ; stakeholders ; corporate sustainability ; decision-making ; fuzzy logic
    Language: Spanish
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  • 29
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    Unknown
    Amsterdam: Elsevier
    Publication Date: 2018-12-19
    Description: The aim of this paper is to contribute to the strategic management literature by identifying the possible combinations among three organizational capabilities (market orientation, knowledge processes and customer relationship management). We also analyze the possible interaction among them to give the creation of superior customer value as a result. Our research question is if the customer requires a superior value, how the firm has to combine the extant capabilities to offer them this superior value? We advance that the interaction among the three proposed capabilities constitutes a capability.
    Keywords: M10 ; ddc:330 ; customer value ; capabilities ; market orientation ; knowledge processes ; customer relationship management
    Language: Spanish
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  • 30
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    Unknown
    Amsterdam: Elsevier
    Publication Date: 2018-12-19
    Description: In the literature on business ethics a large number of studies can be found with a focus on establishing comprehension frameworks concerning the factors which make an individual behave ethically or unethically. However, the models proposed up to the present moment are excessively generalists, as there are no specifications on those factors which are presented as more prominent in terms of influence according to the empirical literature. The purpose of this paper is to develop an explanatory model that in addition to allowing a better comprehension of the main factors influencing on the individual's ethical behaviour. For this aim we review the most significant contributions in the literature on this aspect and raise a series of theoretical propositions which define the explanatory model. Finally we present the discussion of the model, thus drawing a series of conclusions and proposing future lines for research.
    Keywords: M1 ; M10 ; M14 ; ddc:330 ; ethical/unethical behaviour ; organizational ethics ; individual characteristics context ; explanatory model
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:article
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  • 31
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    Unknown
    Amsterdam: Elsevier
    Publication Date: 2018-12-19
    Description: The current business environment press companies and researchers to seek new competitive factors, that permit achieve and/or maintain competitive advantage. Among those appears the intellectual capital concept. A component that represents the strategic knowledge assets owned by the company, among other aspects is the structural capital. It is usually suspected that it affects the innovativeness. Nevertheless is less known the way this impact happens and the aspects that are involved in. To investigate this connection we had passed a survey in 68 companies operating in the automotive component industry located in Galicia (northern Spain) and northern Portugal, and verify, first, that the innovative capacity has two dimensions: the product-process innovativeness and the management innovativeness, second, that structural capital influences differentially each type of innovativeness. We verified that it influences directly the management innovativeness.
    Keywords: M10 ; M19 ; ddc:330 ; structural capital ; management innovativeness ; intellectual capital ; innovativeness
    Language: Spanish
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  • 32
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    Unknown
    Amsterdam: Elsevier
    Publication Date: 2018-12-19
    Description: This study focuses on the structure of the board of directors that is considered more suitable in terms of corporate social responsibility, and also on those contextual factors that could influence the socially responsible behavior of family firms. Empirical analysis on 535 non-listed Spanish firms leads to the identification of three clusters in terms of the variables related to boards´ structure: family dominated boards, professional boards and immature boards. Results show that the firms that have boards' structure with more potential for a socially responsible behavior (professional boards) are the ones who are bigger, older and with higher generational evolution.
    Keywords: M14 ; M19 ; ddc:330 ; family firm ; board of directors ; social responsibility ; stakeholders.
    Language: Spanish
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  • 33
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier
    Publication Date: 2018-12-19
    Description: The tourism sector of Croatia has been developing strongly in the last ten years. It is of crucial importance for its future development to be capable of managing the hotel sector according to the new market conditions. The purpose of this research is to study high-quality hotels of Croatia from the hotels' and guests' points of view focusing on a new marketing strategy named Integrated Marketing Communications (IMC), advancements in Information and Communication Technology (ICT), and loyalty. The findings show a high degree of IMC and ICT implementation and moderate degree of development of loyalty programs in hotels. Moreover, they confirm a positive influence of ICT on IMC implementation, as well as a positive impact of IMC on loyalty.
    Keywords: M10 ; M31 ; ddc:330 ; high-quality hotels ; Croatia ; integrated marketing communications ; information and communication technology ; loyalty.
    Language: Spanish
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  • 34
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    Unknown
    A Coruña: Colegio de Economistas de A Coruña
    Publication Date: 2020-05-15
    Description: Corporate social responsibility (CSR) meaning the active and voluntary contribution of firms to enhance welfare, is achieving a greater importance in Business administration as an intangible asset which management generates competitive advantages and promotes sustainable development. This work indentifies similarities between CSR management and Intellectual Capital management, this one meant as those activities which help us to manage the knowledge of the firm. Our aim is that firms understand the importance of considering CSR as a corporate strategy that enhances the value of the organization, and that they become conscious about its efficiency and efficacy.
    Keywords: M12 ; M14 ; M15 ; M48 ; ddc:330
    Language: Spanish
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  • 35
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    Unknown
    A Coruña: Colegio de Economistas de A Coruña
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis of relationship between learning ability and use of the Internet for information search and development of new learning. For this analysis develops a model based on the work of organizational learning Senge (1990), Kim (1993), Mintzberg and Quinn (1996), Probst and Buchel (1997), Argyris (1999), Carneiro et al. (2001) and Serrano and Fialho (2005). The methodology consisted in a questionnaire with which to assess the relevant factors in the model, taking into account the views of various parties interested in research (academic and corporate), the completion of fieldwork and subsequent statistical analysis . The results show that organizations with greater capacity for learning more functionality using the Internet to generate new knowledge and develop new learning.
    Keywords: M10 ; ddc:330 ; Learn ; organization ; Internet
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 36
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Numerosos conceptos se entrelazan para dar lugar al concepto de gobernancia de una empresa, tanto en el caso de las empresas cotizantes como el de las pequeñas y medianas empresas (pymes). Para que la gobernancia se concrete y sea efectiva, es necesario traducir sus conceptos en acciones que transformen la realidad de la firma y su entorno en el sentido exigido por los conceptos. Las empresas grandes, sobre todo si están bien organizadas, cuentan en general con mecanismos adecuados de planificación y control para llevar a la práctica sus acciones de gobernancia. Las pymes, por su parte, caracterizadas por menores recursos relativos, tienen grandes dificultades metodológicas y conceptuales para implementar y mantener una arquitectura de gobernancia. En las últimas tres o cuatro décadas, sin embargo, se han difundido en el mundo algunas técnicas japonesas de gestión que pueden aplicarse en la implementación y consolidación de la gobernancia. Estas aplicaciones, naturalmente, son posibles tanto en las grandes firmas como en las pequeñas, pero hacemos hincapié en estas últimas porque en ellas encontrarán un terreno fértil para la aplicación inmediata y fecunda. Esta aplicación, que permitirá realzar la gobernancia de la pyme en pocos meses, solo depende de la decisión de un gerente inquieto dispuesto a transformar su organización. En este trabajo, presentamos los conceptos básicos de gobernancia y su aplicación en las pymes, mostramos los rudimentos de algunas herramientas japonesas de gestión e ilustramos con breves ejemplos cómo estas herramientas pueden utilizarse para implementar y mejorar la gobernancia de una pyme. Las herramientas consideradas son: un indicador de gobernancia pyme, basado en la estructura –aunque no necesariamente los contenidos- del Premio Deming, el premio nacional japonés a la calidad; la gestión hoshin; y los sistemas de reuniones eficaces.
    Keywords: M10 ; M12 ; M14 ; ddc:330
    Language: Spanish
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  • 37
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    Unknown
    Amsterdam: Elsevier
    Publication Date: 2018-12-19
    Description: The aim of this research is to develop an explanatory model of the competitiveness of the firm from its internal factors. The most important factors of competitiveness and the variables featuring them are empirically identified in the case of the Basque manufactures through qualitative techniques based on interviews with their managers. The resultant factors are management capabilities, innovation capabilities, marketing capabilities and quality capabilities. After analysing them under the Resource Based View of the firm (RBV) and defining their measurement scales, a general causal model that relates each factor with the competitiveness of the firm is proposed. The model also sets the management capabilities as the driver of the other firm's resources. This model will be tested through Structural Equations Modelling using a statistically representative sample of the population of Basque manufactures consisting of 861 firms.
    Keywords: M10 ; ddc:330 ; competitiveness ; management capabilities ; innovation capabilities ; marketing capabilities ; quality capabilities
    Language: Spanish
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  • 38
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    Unknown
    Amsterdam: Elsevier
    Publication Date: 2018-12-19
    Description: The study of the effectiveness of boards of directors is a tremendously interesting area of investigation, heightened by the many financial scandals of the recent past. Research efforts have suffered from several deficiencies like the inconsistency of many of the results achieved (Daily, Dalton and Cannella, 2003; Dalton, Daily, Ellstrand and Johnson, 1998; Johnson et al., 1996). It emphasises the need to go further with this research subject. Within this framework, our paper examines board effectiveness through board members' level of knowledge and experience and board structure. We understand that both dimensions: board composition and structure are not enough to board effectiveness but determine the potential to get a strategic capability. Our results show how board size, length of tenure of directors and board members' experience in senior management positions, have effects on firm financial performance.
    Keywords: M10 ; M11 ; ddc:330 ; corporate governance ; boards of directors ; effectiveness ; financial performance
    Language: Spanish
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  • 39
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    Unknown
    Amsterdam: Elsevier
    Publication Date: 2018-12-19
    Description: This study attempts to pinpoint the factors that play a decisive role in the decision process of Balearic hotel chains when choosing a growth strategy for expansion into the Caribbean in order to ascertain whether principles associated with the transaction-cost, agency and the strategic theories of organisational capability and knowledge in companies can explain the growth strategy chosen by these chains in the said region. The conclusions show the transaction cost theory must be modified incorporating factors of an institutional and cultural nature. This study facilitates a comparison of the results of this paper and the results of other similar studies of the international hotel industry. choice of entry mode ; syncretic theory ; internationalization ; agency theory
    Keywords: L83 ; M10 ; ddc:330
    Language: Spanish
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  • 40
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier
    Publication Date: 2018-12-19
    Description: This paper analyses financial performance of companies considered as highly socially responsible. For this purpose, companies that compose the Spanish sustainability index FTSE4Good IBEX (as well as other IBEX indices) are examined. Two basic results can be highlighted: first, stocks of companies that are socially responsible earn returns on excess over systematic risk, making them investment-attractive. Second, they have a higher systematic risk.
    Keywords: G30 ; M14 ; ddc:330 ; corporate social responsibility ; socially responsible investment ; FTSE4Good IBEX ; sustainability index ; ethical alpha
    Language: Spanish
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  • 41
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    Unknown
    Amsterdam: Elsevier
    Publication Date: 2018-12-19
    Description: This paper analyzes the most relevant factors of organizational culture that appear in Global Manufacturing Virtual Networks (GMVNs). These organizations are formed by highly dynamic manufacturing companies, that may even be even competitors, which establish horizontal and vertical relations among themselves, and where it is not necessary to maintain internally many manufacturing assets but to manage and share efficiently network resources. This study of organizational culture at the network level includes aspects such as the similarity of cultural practices, social embeddedness, tacit knowledge transfer or the importance of trust in the network. By using the proposed theoretical model, it will analyzed the presence, under a systemic perspective, of homogeneous values and cultural practices where network actors can feel indentified. Finally, in order to validate the proposed model, the case methodology will be applied to one of the most successful collaborations of GMVNs within the aeronautics industry, the collaboration between GE and SNECMA to manufacture the CFM56 engine.
    Keywords: L14 ; M14 ; ddc:330 ; global manufacturing virtual networks ; inter-organizational culture ; aeronautics industry
    Language: Spanish
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  • 42
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier
    Publication Date: 2018-12-19
    Description: The preoccupation to consider the heterogeneity in firm behavior within an activity sector has been one of the main reasons for the search and identification of strategic groups, generating an inexhaustible debate in the scope of the strategic management. Nevertheless, this preoccupation has not been limited to identify firm archetypes or configurations, but also it has extended to the study of possible differences in performance between the identified groups. In this paper, we tried to answer to this double problem focusing in the scope of franchising. A data base including all the franshisor chains (664) that operated in Spain in 2005 has been elaborated. Results reveal the existence of five strategic groups (types of franchisors) perfectly differentiated, which are described from the strategic variables they define them. Also, the existence of differences between groups with regard to results is shown based on some performance measures (income, ordinary results and profit).
    Keywords: M10 ; M19 ; ddc:330 ; franchising ; franchisors ; strategic groups ; performance ; profit
    Language: Spanish
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  • 43
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier
    Publication Date: 2018-12-19
    Description: In this article we tried to synthesize the existing literature on organizational legitimacy, showing its importance for business development. The article's central argument suggests the existence of certain organizational actions whose development address legitimacy to organizations. At the same time, legitimacy promotes access to strategic resources, necessary for organizations, allowing its growth and survival. We also review different types of legitimacy as well as a set of strategies to acquire, maintaining and repair legitimacy.
    Keywords: M00 ; M10 ; ddc:330 ; legitimacy ; institutional theory ; administration ; strategy
    Language: Spanish
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  • 44
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    Amsterdam: Elsevier
    Publication Date: 2018-12-19
    Description: This paper aims to analyse the Basque Country companies' view about the financial valuation of intangibles relevance and its influence on business performance. To achieve this objective, a field study has been done with 440 telephone calls to Basque Country companies' financial managers. Then, their responses and theirs firm's performance are analysed. The results show that the companies that are interested in the financial valuation of the intangibles, specially for internal motivation, perform better, however, this improvement is not statistically significant. Otherwise, the companies that are more interested in the valuation of their intangibles for external reasons need to provide information to stakeholders about their ability to generate income.
    Keywords: M10 ; O16 ; G30 ; ddc:330 ; intangibles ; financial valuation of intangibles ; managers' opinion ; business performance
    Language: Spanish
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  • 45
    Book
    Book
    Madrid : CSIC, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas
    Person(s): Rebok, Sandra
    Keywords: Geschichte 1910-2010 ; Wissenschaftliche Kooperation ; Deutschland ; Spanien ; Katalog ; Deutschland 03.10.1990- ; Spanien ; Wissenschaftliche Kooperation ; Geschichte 1910-2010
    Type of Medium: Book
    Pages: 432 S. , zahlr. Ill., graph. Darst.
    ISBN: 9788400091057
    RVK:
    RVK:
    RVK:
    Language: Spanish , German
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  • 46
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Este trabajo es un estudio de caso del sistema de reuniones de Tejedurías Naiberger, una empresa textil y de indumentaria argentina. Comenzamos resumiendo conceptos generales sobre las reuniones y pasamos luego a describir un sistema de reuniones eficaces, su estructura, su utilización y sus elementos constitutivos. A continuación, presentamos características generales de la empresa objeto del caso de estudio. Describimos su sistema de reuniones a través de una lectura del Manual del Sistema de Reuniones Eficaces, que reproducimos completamente en un apéndice, y evaluamos el funcionamiento del sistema en un lapso de más de diez años, desde la fecha de su implementación, en 1997. El caso incluye preguntas de discusión, apéndices conceptuales sobre el trabajo en equipo, ejemplos de minutas y agendas de reuniones, y otros, además de tres entrevistas de evaluación del sistema de reuniones realizadas a directivos de la empresa.
    Keywords: M10 ; M12 ; M14 ; ddc:330 ; sistema de reuniones ; sistema de reuniones eficaces ; reuniones ; directorios ; agenda de reunión ; minuta de reunión ; trabajo en equipo
    Language: Spanish
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  • 47
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: La cultura es la suma de los comportamientos atribuidos al ser humano más los objetos materiales que forman parte integral de estos comportamientos. Si limitamos el concepto al mundo de las empresas, hablamos hoy de la cultura corporativa, es decir, del dominio del cómo hacemos las cosas aquí. Más específicamente, hablamos también de la cultura de la manufactura, para revelar aspectos de cómo una empresa enfoca el trabajo y las técnicas de fabricación, así como las actitudes generales hacia ellos. En este artículo presentamos nuestra perspectiva del concepto de cultura de la manufactura y los elementos que la constituyen. Exploramos, también, las implicaciones que estas ideas tienen para los gerentes de producción y para los gerentes generales. Contrastamos dos modelos: la cultura de la manufactura tradicional y la cultura de la manufactura moderna. Aunque no es posible, estrictamente, pensar a la cultura tradicional -o a la moderna- como originaria exclusiva de un único país en un tiempo específico, simplificando el panorama podemos asociar a la cultura de la manufactura tradicional con los Estados Unidos de las primeras décadas del siglo XX, y a la cultura de la manufactura moderna con el Japón de la segunda mitad del mismo siglo. La cultura de la manufactura es un sistema integrado, según nuestra perspectiva, por los siguientes elementos: la gente, la calidad, la gestión de los materiales, las máquinas y su utilización, los proveedores, la higiene y seguridad en el trabajo, el cuidado del medio ambiente, la organización y la ejecución. El artículo detalla las relaciones entre estos elementos y contrasta su lugar en las distintas culturas. Nos preguntamos si hay culturas manufactureras mejores que otras, y respondemos afirmativamente. Hay, en cada cultura, aspectos propios que la caracterizan, que si son marginales no permiten juzgar la superioridad de una cultura sobre otra. Pero existen, además, principios básicos -que mencionamos en nuestro trabajo- que distinguen a una cultura manufacturera superior. ¿Cómo promover, entonces, el cambio hacia una cultura manufacturera superior? Entra aquí el tema del cambio organizacional, que tratamos brevemente al cerrar el artículo.
    Keywords: M10 ; M11 ; M14 ; ddc:330 ; cultura ; cultura corporativa ; cultura de la manufactura ; técnicas de fabricación ; elementos de la cultura de la manufactura ; cambio cultural ; Unternehmenskultur
    Language: Spanish
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  • 48
    facet.materialart.
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: En el documento de trabajo número 340 de esta serie presentamos la Parte I de una introducción al management japonés, basada en una revisión de la literatura. Completamos el estudio con esta Parte II, que considera aspectos innovadores, críticas y desafíos del management japonés. Presentamos la debatida cuestión sobre la creatividad japonesa y su potencial para la innovación; destacamos, en particular, la habilidad de la empresa para crear conocimiento para el diseño y la fabricación. Revisamos algunas innovaciones japonesas en las tecnologías de operaciones, como el JIT, la TQM, el kaizen y el TPM. Examinamos la forma en que la empresa japonesa integra la gestión de costos con el funcionamiento global de la firma, así como el estilo japonés de educación para los negocios y la formación de redes (networking). Consideramos las críticas que el management japonés ha recibido, las tendencias de los cambios que está experimentando, y la posible convergencia entre los sistemas de gestión japonés y occidental. Cerramos el trabajo con algunas reflexiones.
    Keywords: M10 ; M50 ; P51 ; ddc:330
    Language: Spanish
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  • 49
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: La toma de decisiones es, por su impacto económico, social, motivacional y hasta simbólico, una actividad administrativa de extraordinaria importancia. Esta importancia es muy clara cuando tratamos con decisiones estratégicas, como la inversión en una nueva planta o la expansión de la empresa hacia un mercado extranjero. Pero también es vital, por su impacto acumulativo, en decisiones de menor alcance, como el desarrollo de un proveedor dentro de un programa de calidad industrial. Es verdad: Ya no se considera a la toma de decisiones como la tarea paradigmática del gerente. Sabemos, desde los estudios sobre el trabajo gerencial de Mintzberg y otros precursores, que los gerentes deciden, pero también negocian, lideran y actúan como voceros de sus compañías. Si bien estos estudios han ampliado la gama de actividades que se consideran centrales en el trabajo gerencial, no han debilitado la trascendencia que la toma de decisiones tiene para las organizaciones, la sociedad y la vida de la gente. En este artículo consideramos la utilidad de los modelos de decisión; trazamos un panorama de los principales modelos que se utilizan para estudiar los procesos decisorios; y discutimos algunas limitaciones de los modelos en su aplicación a la práctica administrativa. Estudiamos específicamente el proceso racional de la toma de decisiones, el enfoque de la racionalidad acotada y el modelo retrospectivo. Luego analizamos algunas limitaciones de los modelos; discutimos las decisiones grupales y sus ventajas y problemas específicos y analizamos algunos impactos de la cultura sobre la toma de decisiones.
    Keywords: D70 ; D73 ; M10 ; ddc:330 ; toma de decisiones ; modelos de decisión ; proceso de decisión ; modelo de decisión racional ; racionalidad acotada ; modelo retrospectivo ; decisiones grupales ; cultura ; Entscheidungstheorie ; Theorie
    Language: Spanish
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  • 50
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    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Se presenta un indicador de la gobernancia para las empresas pequeñas y medianas (pymes). El indicador adopta la teoría de los reclamantes (stakeholder theory) en la selección de sus elementos, que también incluyen algunos principios generales de gobernancia y las características del directorio y su trabajo. El artículo revisa los principales indicadores mencionados en la literatura, aplicados en su mayoría a empresas cotizantes, y sobre esa base propone un indicador específico para las pymes que, en general, no son cotizantes. También toma en cuenta- en su forma-al método de evaluación de los premios nacionales a la calidad, como patrón para medir, asignando puntajes, una gran cantidad de variables. Las variables de gobernancia son agrupadas en áreas, temas, dimensiones y elementos, para tornarlas operativas y mensurables. La medición se realiza mediante un cuestionario-que se reproduce como apéndice-con respuestas de escala nominal y de intervalo. Los puntos máximos para cada respuesta se asignan aplicando la teoría de la decisión con atributos múltiples. El artículo concluye con reflexiones sobre el problema de la medición en las ciencias sociales y las características del indicador.
    Keywords: G34 ; M10 ; ddc:330 ; indicador de gobernancia ; stakeholder theory ; directorios ; principios de gobernancia ; teoría de la decisión multiatributo ; medición en las ciencias sociales
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 51
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Distinguimos entre educación para la calidad y entrenamiento para la calidad. A través de la educación, aprendemos la 'filosofía' de la calidad; a través del entrenamiento, aprendemos sus herramientas. Así, el aprendizaje es un concepto central de este artículo. Pero no es el único. Para que el aprendizaje sea efectivo se requiere motivación, y ésta depende de muchos factores, como el liderazgo y el sistema de recompensas de la organización. El aprendizaje es a veces solitario, pero más frecuentemente se realiza en equipo, a través de la cooperación, en un marco que llamamos cultura organizacional. La cultura organizacional también afecta a las actitudes hacia la educación y el entrenamiento para la calidad. Presentamos estas ideas y tratamos de mostrar sus relaciones mutuas. La educación para la calidad y el entrenamiento para la calidad (que condensamos en la sigla EEC) sólo tienen éxito duradero cuando se los considera como partes de un sistema que incluye a otros componentes. Finalizamos el artículo con un estudio de caso.
    Keywords: D20 ; M10 ; M11 ; M12 ; M14 ; ddc:330 ; educación ; entrenamiento ; calidad ; aprendizaje ; motivación ; liderazgo ; recompensas ; cooperación ; cultura organizacional
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 52
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Describimos y fundamentamos la tendencia creciente a utilizar medidas no financieras para la medición del rendimiento empresarial (business performance measurement), así como una axonomía de estas medidas y el impacto del movimiento de la calidad total en las prácticas de medición. Las medidas que presentamos se caracterizan por (1) medir la productividad y la calidad desde la perspectiva del cliente; (2) estar orientadas a las operaciones, más que al control contable; y (3) ser desagregadas y específicas de cada función de la empresa. Dado que no basta con buenas teorías para transformar a las empresas, sino que también hacen falta métodos apropiados, onsideramos el diseño y la implementación de los sistemas de medición del rendimiento. Ilustramos los conceptos con una aplicación realizada en una empresa manufacturera. Allí detallamos, en primer lugar, el empleo de reglas para construir un sistema de medidas; a continuación, mostramos cómo, a partir de la misión de la empresa y de cada una de sus áreas, determinamos qué indicadores utilizar; luego establecemos entre ellos un ranking de importancia; integramos en la última etapa la información de los indicadores en un índice único para cada área, que permite las comparaciones entre áreas y a través del tiempo. Finalmente, hacemos algunas referencias al significado de estos conceptos para las pequeñas y medianas empresas.
    Keywords: M10 ; M11 ; M12 ; D24 ; ddc:330 ; medición del rendimiento ; business performance measurement ; medidas no financieras del rendimiento
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 53
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    Unknown
    Buenos Aires: Universidad del Centro de Estudios Macroeconómicos de Argentina (UCEMA)
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Presentamos la Parte I de una introducción al management japonés, basada en una revisión de la literatura, que describe conceptos y teorías. Examinamos los tres tesoros: el empleo vitalicio, el seniority system y los sindicatos por empresa; también mencionamos otros rasgos del sistema, como las decisiones por consenso y los mecanismos de 'voice' (antes que de 'exit'), junto a características institucionales del país y sus empresas. Hacemos referencia entre otros temas a la estructura industrial del Japón, al rendimiento de sus empresas y a la política industrial. Presentamos teorías que explican las prácticas japonesas con razonamientos económicos, antes que con argumentos sobre la especificidad cultural de la sociedad japonesa. También exponemos diversas teorías administrativas que permiten entender mejor el funcionamiento y los resultados de las empresas japonesas. En la Parte II - un documento de trabajo independiente pero complementario - incluiremos aspectos innovadores, críticas y desafíos del management japonés.
    Keywords: M10 ; M50 ; P51 ; ddc:330 ; management japonés ; empleo vitalicio ; seniority system ; sindicatos por empresa ; rasgos del management japonés ; política industrial japonesa ; teorías económicas del management japonés ; teorías administrativas del management japonés
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 54
    Book
    Book
    München : Beck
    Keywords: Immenga, Ulrich ; Europäische Union ; Deutschland ; Wirtschaftsrecht ; Wirtschaftsrecht ; Competition, Unfair ; Competition, Unfair ; Restraint of trade ; Restraint of trade ; Trade regulation ; Trade regulation ; Deutschland ; Aufsatzsammlung ; Bibliografie ; Festschrift ; Deutschland 03.10.1990- ; Wirtschaftsrecht ; Europäische Union ; Wirtschaftsrecht ; Immenga, Ulrich
    Type of Medium: Book
    Pages: XIII, 789 S. , Ill.
    ISBN: 3406523560
    RVK:
    Language: German , English , Spanish
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  • 55
    Book
    Book
    München : Vahlen [u.a.]
    Keywords: Deutschland ; Spanien ; Spanisch ; Wirtschaft ; Spanisch ; Wirtschaftssprache ; Wirtschaft ; Spanish language Business Spanish ; Spanien ; Spain Economic conditions ; Lehrbuch ; Spanisch ; Wirtschaftssprache ; Spanien ; Wirtschaft
    Type of Medium: Book
    Pages: XIII, 237 S. , graph. Darst.
    ISBN: 380062415X , 3214029479 , 3719020355
    RVK:
    RVK:
    RVK:
    Language: Spanish
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  • 56
    Book
    Book
    Bonn : Hochschulrektorenkonferenz
    Part of " Dokumente & Informationen"
    Keywords: Kwaliteitscontrole ; Kwaliteitsverbetering ; Hochschule ; Qualitätssicherung ; Hochschule ; Evaluation ; Hochschule ; Lehre ; Qualitätssicherung ; Hochschule ; Lehre ; Evaluation ; Deutschland ; Deutschland ; Deutschland ; Deutschland ; Konferenzschrift ; Deutschland 03.10.1990- ; Hochschule ; Qualitätssicherung ; Deutschland 03.10.1990- ; Hochschule ; Evaluation ; Deutschland 03.10.1990- ; Hochschule ; Lehre ; Qualitätssicherung ; Deutschland 03.10.1990- ; Hochschule ; Lehre ; Evaluation
    Type of Medium: Book
    Pages: 41 S.
    Series Statement: Dokumente & Informationen 2000,1
    RVK:
    RVK:
    RVK:
    Language: German , English , Spanish
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  • 57
    Book
    Book
    Bonn : Hochschulrektorenkonferenz
    Associated volumes
    Keywords: Hochschulrektorenkonferenz ; Hochschulrektorenkonferenz ; Geschichte 1990-1998 ; Universität ; Internationale Kooperation ; Vereinbarung ; Internationale Kooperation ; Vereinbarung ; Internationale Kooperation ; Quelle ; Akademischer Grad ; Anerkennung ; Hochschulabschluss ; Anerkennung ; Hochschulabschluss ; Internationaler Vergleich ; Deutschland ; Deutschland 03.10.1990- ; Universität ; Internationale Kooperation ; Vereinbarung ; Hochschulrektorenkonferenz ; Internationale Kooperation ; Vereinbarung ; Hochschulrektorenkonferenz ; Internationale Kooperation ; Geschichte 1990-1998 ; Quelle ; Akademischer Grad ; Anerkennung ; Hochschulabschluss ; Anerkennung ; Hochschulabschluss ; Internationaler Vergleich
    Type of Medium: Book
    Series Statement: Dokumente & Informationen / Hochschulrektorenkonferenz