Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Nature of Science, Research, Systems of Higher Education, Museum Science
Summary This article analyzes the possibility of cooperation between philosophy and the history of philosophy. It approaches this task more precisely than has been the case in the discussion heretofore, seeing in this relationship an ideal case, typifying the relationship of systematic to historical disciplines in general. To begin with, a distinction must be made between a naively received history of philosophy and the critical study of philosophy's history. Further distinctions to be made are among receivedcontent, receptionprocesses and the five main categories of the history of philosophy'sfunctions for systematic philosophy (primary information, hermeneutics, heuristics, genetic reflexion and validity tests). Heuristics and validation may be subsumed under the category ofintegration and be brought into relation to the truth criteria of coherence and consensus. The hermeneutical and reflective functions may be understood as proto-heuristics and proto-validation and thereby receive secondorder functionalization. The increasingly indispensable service of the critical study of the history of philosophy to systematic philosophy is established by the three constellations in which historical material iscollected, systematically interpreted andadjudged, as to its accuracy. A formal plasticity must be assumed as a pre-requisite from the start, corresponding not to a particular philosophical instance, but rather to the instancing character of all systematic philosophy and therefore with a thematic domain, which is defined by philosophicality, in terms of its problematical, fundamental, categorial and systematical character. A critical science of philosophy would be required to explicitly formulate these characteristics, but the normative function would have to be assumed by a theory of philosophy which would take on the role of a meta-philosophy regarding particular philosophical schools, corresponding to the role of philosophy of science as an applied logic. Such a theory of philosophy would also be in a position to determine the formal relationship of such a critical history of philosophy (including philosophy's historiography and philology) to systematic philosophies.
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